Ampere-hour


Ampere-hour

An ampere-hour or amp-hour (symbol Ah , A·h, A h) is a unit of electric charge, with sub-units milliampere-hour (mAh) and milliampere second (mAs). One ampere-hour is equal to 3,600 coulombs (ampere-seconds), the electric charge transferred by a steady current of one ampere for one hour.[1] The ampere-hour is frequently used in measurements of electrochemical systems such as electroplating and electrical batteries. The commonly seen milliampere-hour (mAh or mA·h) is one-thousandth of an ampere-hour (3.6 coulombs).

A milliampere second (mAs or mA·s) is a unit of measure used in X-ray diagnostic imaging and radiation therapy. This quantity is proportional to the total X-ray energy produced by a given X-ray tube operated at a particular voltage.[2] The same total dose can be delivered in different time periods depending on the X-ray tube current.

The Faraday constant is the charge on one mole of electrons; approximately equal to 26.8 ampere-hours. It is used in electrochemical calculations.

An ampere-hour is not a unit of energy. In a battery system, for example, accurate calculation of the energy delivered requires integration of the power delivered (product of instantaneous voltage and instantaneous current) over the discharge interval. Generally, the battery voltage varies during discharge; an average value may be used to approximate the integration of power. [3]

In summary, the higher the mAh, the longer the battery will last.

References

  1. ^ "Full Conversion Table (sorted by Category)" Allmeasures.com, 2004, webpage: AM-Conversion-table.
  2. ^ X-ray Safety Handbook, 9.0 Terms and Definitions, VirginiaTech Environmental, Health and Safety Services
  3. ^ National Research Council (U.S.), Meeting the energy needs of future warriors National Academies Press, 2004 ISBN 0309092612 page 27

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  • ampere hour — noun Unit of charge = 3600 coulombs, or one ampere flowing for one hour • • • Main Entry: ↑ampere …   Useful english dictionary

  • ampere-hour — [am′pir our′] n. a standard unit for measuring the quantity of electricity, equal to the flow of a current of one ampere for one hour, or to an elapsed current drain of 3,600 coulombs …   English World dictionary

  • Ampere hour — Amp[ e]re hour (Elec.) The quantity of electricity delivered in one hour by a current whose average strength is one amp[ e]re. It is used as a unit of quantity, and is equal to 3600 coulombs. The terms …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ampere-hour — noun a unit of charge equal to 3600 coulombs • Hypernyms: ↑charge unit, ↑quantity unit • Part Meronyms: ↑ampere minute * * * ˈ ̷ ̷ ̷ ̷| ̷ ̷ noun : a unit quantity of electricity, being the quantity carried past any point of a circuit in one hour… …   Useful english dictionary

  • ampere hour — (A·h or amp hr )    a commercial unit of electric charge often used to state the capacity of a battery. One ampere hour is the charge accumulated by a steady flow of one ampere for one hour. This is equivalent to exactly 3600 coulombs …   Dictionary of units of measurement

  • ampere-hour — ampervalandė statusas T sritis automatika atitikmenys: angl. ampere hour vok. Amperestunde, f rus. ампер час, m pranc. ampère heure, m …   Automatikos terminų žodynas

  • ampere-hour — ampervalandė statusas T sritis Standartizacija ir metrologija apibrėžtis Elektros kiekio arba elektros krūvio matavimo vienetas, išreiškiamas elektros srovės stiprio (A) ir srovės tekėjimo trukmės (h) sandauga: 1 A · h = 3,6 kC; taikomas… …   Penkiakalbis aiškinamasis metrologijos terminų žodynas

  • ampere-hour — ampervalandė statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. ampere hour vok. Amperestunde, f rus. ампер час, m pranc. ampère heure, m …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • ampere-hour — am′pere hour′ n. elm a unit of electric charge equal to the amount of electricity transferred by a current of one ampere in one hour Abbr.: Ah,amp hr, amp. hr • Etymology: 1880–85 …   From formal English to slang

  • ampere-hour — noun Date: 1883 a unit quantity of electricity equal to the quantity carried past any point of a circuit in one hour by a steady current of one ampere …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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