The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews


The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews

The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews is one of the oldest and most prestigious golf clubs in the world, with the oldest being the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers at Muirfield. It is based in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, regarded as the worldwide "Home of Golf". [USGA US Golf Open, 2005 [http://www.usopen.com/2005/news/pinehurst-clubhouse.html St. Andrews is the home of golf and Pinehurst is the guardian of its traditions in the United States] ] Formerly it was also one of the governing authorities of the game, but in 2004 this role was handed over to a newly formed group of companies collectively known as The R&A.

History

The organization was founded in 1754 as the "Society of St Andrews Golfers", a local golf club playing at St Andrews Links but quickly grew in importance. In 1834 King William IV became its patron and the club became known under its present name. In 1897 the Society codified the rules of golf, and was gradually over the next 30 years invited to take control of the running of golf tournaments at other courses.

The R&A

The R&A is the ruling authority of golf everywhere except the United States and Mexico where this responsibility rests with the United States Golf Association (USGA). It works in collaboration with national amateur and professional golf organisations in more than one hundred and ten countries. It also attempts to spread the game to new countries.

The R&A cooperates with the USGA in producing and regularly revising the "Rules of Golf", and the two bodies have issued the rules jointly since 1952. They also collaborate on the corresponding exegetic work, the "Decisions on the Rules of Golf". The R&A is also involved in formulating technical specifications for golfing equipment.

The R&A founded what are now the Official World Golf Rankings for male professionals in 1986 and the World Amateur Golf Rankings for male amateurs in 2007.

The 8 committees make up the R&A

#The Rule and Equipment Committee
#The Course Management Committee
#The Championship Committee
#The Amateur Status Committee
#The Golf Development Committee
#The External Fund Committee
#The General Committee
#The Research Committee

Championships

The R&A organises 11 championships and international matches:
*The Open Championship: one of the four major championships in men's golf.
*The Amateur Championship: which was one of the four major championships before the professional game became dominant and is still one of the most prestigious amateur tournaments in the world.
*Boys Amateur Championship: for boys under the age of 18 at 00.00 hours on 1 January of the relevant year.
*Boys Home Internationals: a team competition for boys from England, Scotland, Wales and All-Ireland.
*Seniors Open Amateur Championship: for male amateurs aged 55 or over on the first day of competition.
*British Mid-Amateur Championship: for amateurs aged 25 and over. This tournament was introduced to provide an elite competition for golfers who never turn professional as the main Amateur Championship is dominated by future professionals in their late teens and early twenties.
*Senior British Open Championship: for men aged 50 and above. A major championship on the Champions Tour and the European Seniors Tour.
*Walker Cup: a biennial men's amateur team competition contested by Great Britain & Ireland and the United States (co-organised with the United States Golf Association).
*Junior Open Championships: for boys and girls under the age of 16 at 00.00 hours on 1 January of the relevant year.
*St Andrews Trophy: a men's amateur team competition contested by Great Britain & Ireland and the Continent of Europe.
*Jacques Leglise Trophy: a boys' amateur team competition contested by Great Britain & Ireland and the Continent of Europe.

Apart from the Junior Open Championships all of these events are for men and boys. The Ladies Golf Union organises a similar range of events for women and girls, most notably the Women's British Open. The R&A is also involved in the organisation of the two World Amateur Team Championships - the Eisenhower Trophy for men and the Espirito Santo Trophy for women - through its role in the International Golf Federation.

The present golf club

.

ee also

*St Andrews Links
*Old Course at St Andrews
*British Golf Museum

References

External links

* [http://www.randa.org/ R&A website, including the Rules and Decisions of Golf]
* [http://www.opengolf.com/ Open Championship website]
* [http://www.theroyalandancientgolfclub.org/index.cfm?action=club.home/ The history of The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews]
* [http://www.celtichighroads.com/?main_page=advanced_search_result&search_in_description=1&keyword=st+andrews+picture St. Andrews course images]
* [http://www.standrewsgolfblog.com/ St Andrews Golf Blog - Information on golf in St Andrews and the surrounding area]


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