- The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews
The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews is one of the oldest and most prestigious
golfclubs in the world, with the oldest being the Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfersat Muirfield. It is based in St Andrews, Fife, Scotland, regarded as the worldwide "Home of Golf". [USGA US Golf Open, 2005 [http://www.usopen.com/2005/news/pinehurst-clubhouse.html St. Andrews is the home of golf and Pinehurst is the guardian of its traditions in the United States] ] Formerly it was also one of the governing authorities of the game, but in 2004 this role was handed over to a newly formed group of companies collectively known as The R&A.
The organization was founded in
1754as the "Society of St Andrews Golfers", a local golf club playing at St Andrews Linksbut quickly grew in importance. In 1834King William IV became its patron and the club became known under its present name. In 1897 the Society codified the rules of golf, and was gradually over the next 30 years invited to take control of the running of golf tournaments at other courses.
The R&A is the ruling authority of golf everywhere except the
United Statesand Mexicowhere this responsibility rests with the United States Golf Association(USGA). It works in collaboration with national amateur and professional golf organisations in more than one hundred and ten countries. It also attempts to spread the game to new countries.
The R&A cooperates with the USGA in producing and regularly revising the "Rules of Golf", and the two bodies have issued the rules jointly since 1952. They also collaborate on the corresponding exegetic work, the "Decisions on the Rules of Golf". The R&A is also involved in formulating technical specifications for golfing equipment.
The R&A founded what are now the
Official World Golf Rankingsfor male professionals in 1986 and the World Amateur Golf Rankingsfor male amateurs in 2007.
The 8 committees make up the R&A
#The Rule and Equipment Committee
#The Course Management Committee
#The Championship Committee
#The Amateur Status Committee
#The Golf Development Committee
#The External Fund Committee
#The General Committee
#The Research Committee
The R&A organises 11 championships and international matches:
The Open Championship: one of the four major championships in men's golf.
The Amateur Championship: which was one of the four major championships before the professional game became dominant and is still one of the most prestigious amateur tournaments in the world.
Boys Amateur Championship: for boys under the age of 18 at 00.00 hours on 1 January of the relevant year.
Boys Home Internationals: a team competition for boys from England, Scotland, Wales and All-Ireland.
Seniors Open Amateur Championship: for male amateurs aged 55 or over on the first day of competition.
British Mid-Amateur Championship: for amateurs aged 25 and over. This tournament was introduced to provide an elite competition for golfers who never turn professional as the main Amateur Championship is dominated by future professionals in their late teens and early twenties.
Senior British Open Championship: for men aged 50 and above. A major championship on the Champions Tourand the European Seniors Tour.
Walker Cup: a biennial men's amateur team competition contested by Great Britain & Ireland and the United States (co-organised with the United States Golf Association).
Junior Open Championships: for boys and girls under the age of 16 at 00.00 hours on 1 January of the relevant year.
St Andrews Trophy: a men's amateur team competition contested by Great Britain & Ireland and the Continent of Europe.
Jacques Leglise Trophy: a boys' amateur team competition contested by Great Britain & Ireland and the Continent of Europe.
Apart from the Junior Open Championships all of these events are for men and boys. The
Ladies Golf Unionorganises a similar range of events for women and girls, most notably the Women's British Open. The R&A is also involved in the organisation of the two World Amateur Team Championships - the Eisenhower Trophyfor men and the Espirito Santo Trophyfor women - through its role in the International Golf Federation.
The present golf club
St Andrews Links
Old Course at St Andrews
British Golf Museum
* [http://www.randa.org/ R&A website, including the Rules and Decisions of Golf]
* [http://www.opengolf.com/ Open Championship website]
* [http://www.theroyalandancientgolfclub.org/index.cfm?action=club.home/ The history of The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews]
* [http://www.celtichighroads.com/?main_page=advanced_search_result&search_in_description=1&keyword=st+andrews+picture St. Andrews course images]
* [http://www.standrewsgolfblog.com/ St Andrews Golf Blog - Information on golf in St Andrews and the surrounding area]
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The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews — Clubhaus des Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews am 18. Grün des Old Course The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews in St Andrews (Schottland) ist ein 1754 gegründeter Golfclub und war bis 2004 eine der beiden maßgeblichen Autoritäten … Deutsch Wikipedia
The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews — El Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews es uno de los clubes de golf más antiguos del mundo. Está ubicado en el pueblo de St Andrews, en el condado de Fife en Escocia, y es conocido como La cuna del Golf . Hasta hace unos años, también… … Wikipedia Español
Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews — Royal and Ancient Golf Club Parcours de go … Wikipédia en Français
Royal and Ancient golf Club of St Andrews — Le clubhouse du R A. Le Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews est un des plus anciens clubs de golf du monde, le plus ancien étant le Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers de Muirfuild. Il est établi à St Andrews, comté de Fife en Écosse … Wikipédia en Français
Royal and ancient golf club of st andrews — Le clubhouse du R A. Le Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews est un des plus anciens clubs de golf du monde, le plus ancien étant le Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers de Muirfuild. Il est établi à St Andrews, comté de Fife en Écosse … Wikipédia en Français
Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St. Andrews — ▪ British sports organization byname R&A one of the world s oldest and most influential golf organizations; formed in 1754 by 22 “noblemen and gentlemen” at St. Andrews, Fife, Scotland, as the Society of St. Andrews Golfers. It adopted its… … Universalium
Royal and Ancient Golf Club — of St Andrews Le clubhouse du R A. Le Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews est un des plus anciens clubs de golf du monde, le plus ancien étant le Honourable Company of Edinburgh Golfers de Muirfuild. Il est établi à St Andrews, comté de… … Wikipédia en Français
Royal and Ancient Golf Club, the — Formal name of the famous golf course at St. Andrews, Scotland … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
(the) Royal and Ancient — the Royal and Ancient [the Royal and Ancient] a golf club established in 1754 at St Andrews, Scotland. It is recognized as the world’s leading authority on the rules of golf (except in the US). It also organizes The ↑Open golf competition, which… … Useful english dictionary
Royal and Ancient — Royal and An|cient, the the R and A the Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrews; an important old ↑golf club based in St Andrews, Scotland, which is responsible for the rules of golf for most countries except the US … Dictionary of contemporary English