- Why We Fight
"Why We Fight" is a series of seven
propaganda films commissioned by the United Statesgovernment during World War IIto demonstrate to American soldiers the reason for U.S. involvement in the war. Later on they were also shown to the general U.S. public to persuade them to support American intervention.
Most of the films were directed by
Frank Capra, who was daunted and terrified by Leni Riefenstahl's propaganda film " Triumph of the Will", and worked in direct response to it. The series faced a tough challenge: convincing an isolationistnation of the need to become involved in the war and ally with the Soviets, among other things. In many of the films, Capra and other directors spliced in Axis powerspropaganda footage – recontextualizing it so it promoted the cause of the Alliesinstead. The films were edited mostly by William Hornbeck, and are some of the best examples of found-footage montage ever produced. The animated portions of the films were produced by the Disney studios – with the animated maps following a convention of depicting Axis-occupied territory in black.
All of the films are one hour in length, except the Battle of Russia, which is two hours. All are available on
DVD. Most of the videos are made from stock footage collected by the government and granted for use in the film although some parts are re-acted for the film if there is none to show the topic.
At the end of each film, the quotation from Army Chief of Staff
George Marshallthat "...the victory of the democracies can only becomplete with the utter defeat of the war machines of Germany and Japan." is shown on screen, followed by a ringing Liberty Bellover which is superimposed a large letter "V" zooming into the screen.
Prelude to War" (1942) (Academy award as "Documentary Feature") - this examines the difference between democratic and fascist states, and covers the Japanese conquest of Manchuria and the Italian conquest of Ethiopia. [http://www.archive.org/details/PreludeToWar]
The Nazis Strike" (1942) - covers Nazi geopolitics and the conquest of Austria, Czechoslovakia and Poland. [http://www.archive.org/details/TheNazisStrike]
# "Divide and Conquer" (1943) [http://www.archive.org/details/DivideAndConquer] - about the campaign in
Beneluxand the Fall of France
The Battle of Britain" (1943) [http://www.archive.org/details/BattleOfBritain] - depicts Britain's victory against the Luftwaffe
The Battle of Russia" (1943) [http://www.archive.org/details/BattleOfRussiaI part 1] , [http://www.archive.org/details/BattleOfRussiaII part 2] - shows a history of Russian defense and Russia's battle against Germany
The Battle of China" (1944) [http://www.archive.org/details/BattleOfChina] - Shows Japanese aggression such as the Nanking Massacreand Chinese efforts such as the construction of the Burma Roadand the Battle of Changsha
War Comes to America" (1945) [http://www.archive.org/details/WarComesToAmerica] - shows how the pattern of Axis aggression turned the American people against isolationism.
"Prelude to War" and "The Battle of China" refer several times to the "
Tanaka Memorial", portraying it as " Japan's " Mein Kampf" to raise American morale for a protracted war against Japan. The authenticity of this document remains a topic of historical debate.
2000the United States Library of Congressdeemed the films "culturally significant" and selected them for preservation in the National Film Registry. Created by the U.S. Army Pictorial Services, the films are in the public domain; all of them are available for download at the Internet Archive.
*imdb title|id=0035209|title=Why we fight: Prelude to War
*imdb title|id=0184773|title=Why we fight: The Nazis Strike
*imdb title|id=0182989|title=Why we fight: Divide and Conquer
*imdb title|id=0182766|title=Why we fight: The Battle of Britain
*imdb title|id=0036629|title=Why we fight: The Battle of Russia
*imdb title|id=0184254|title=Why we fight: The Battle of China
*imdb title|id=0183997|title=Why we fight: War Comes to America
* [http://www.genordell.com/stores/lantern/FMPU.htm USAAF First Motion Picture Unit at Magic Lantern]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Why We Fight — Captura de imagen con el título de la serie Título Why We Fight Género Documental Narrado por Walter … Wikipedia Español
Why We Fight — (Pourquoi nous combattons) est une série de sept films de propagande commandés par le gouvernement des États Unis durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale entre 1942 et 1945 pour expliquer aux soldats américains la raison de l engagement des États Unis… … Wikipédia en Français
Why We Fight — (sinngemäße dt. Übersetzung: „Warum wir Krieg führen“) ist eine siebenteilige US amerikanische Serie von Propagandafilmen aus dem Zeitraum 1942 bis 1945. Die Filmreihe wurde kurz nach dem Eintritt der Vereinigten Staaten in den Zweiten Weltkrieg… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Why We Fight — Voir Pourquoi nous combattons … Dictionnaire mondial des Films
Why We Fight (Angel) — Why We Fight Angel episode Episode no. Season 5 Episode 13 Directed by Terrence O Hara Written by … Wikipedia
Why We Fight (disambiguation) — Why We Fight can refer to:* Why We Fight , a series of World War II propaganda films * Why We Fight (2005 film), a 2005 documentary film * Why We Fight ( Angel ), a 2004 episode of the television series Angel * Why We Fight ( Band of Brothers ),… … Wikipedia
Why We Fight (2005) — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Why We Fight Produktionsland USA, Frankreich, Großbritannien … Deutsch Wikipedia
Why We Fight (2005 film) — Infobox Film name = Why We Fight image size = caption = Theatrical Poster director = Eugene Jarecki producer = Susannah Shipman writer = Eugene Jarecki narrator = starring = Joseph Cirincione Richard Perle Chalmers Johnson John McCain music =… … Wikipedia
Why We Fight (Jericho) — Infobox Jericho episode Title = Why We Fight Caption = Jake, Eric and Stanley armed for war Series = Jericho Season = 1 Episode = 22 Airdate = May 9, 2007 Writer = Carol Barbee Jonathan E. Steinberg Director = Sanford Bookstaver Guests = Sprague… … Wikipedia
Why We Fight (album) — Infobox Album Name = Why We Fight Type = studio Artist = Gatsbys American Dream Released = July 23, 2002 Recorded = Genre = Indie, Punk Length = Label = Rocketstar Recordings Producer = Aaron Sprinkle Reviews = Last album = This album = Why We… … Wikipedia