- Inês de Castro
Infobox Portuguese Royalty|majesty|consort
name =Inês de Castro
title =Queen consort of Portugal
caption =Tomb of Inês de Castro
1340s? – 1355
Peter I of Portugal
issue =(Prince) Afonso
Infanta Beatriz, Countess of Alburquerque
John, Prince of Portugal
Denis, Prince of Portugal
noble house =Castro
Pedro Fernandez de Castro
Aldonza Lorenzo de Valladares
date of birth =1325
place of birth =
date of death =death date and age|1355|1|7|1325|8|6|mf=y
place of death =
Coimbra, Centro, Portugal|
Inês Pérez de Castro (Inés in Spanish; 1325 –
January 7 1355) was a Galician noblewoman, daughter of Pedro Fernandez de Castro, lover and posthumously declared lawful wife of the Portuguese King Pedro I of Portugal, and therefore Queen of Portugal.
Inês came to
Portugalin 1340 as a maid of princess Constance of Castile, recently married to prince Pedro, the heir to the throne. The prince fell in love with her and started to neglect his lawful wife, endangering the already feeble relations with Castile. Moreover, Pedro's love for Inês brought the exiled Castilian nobility very close to power, with Inês's brothers becoming the prince's friends and trusted advisors. King Afonso IV of Portugal, Pedro's father, disliked Inês's influence on his son and waited for their mutual infatuation to wear off, but it did not.
Constance of Castile died in
1349. Afonso IV tried several times to arrange for his son to be remarried, but Pedro refused to take a wife other than Inês, who was not deemed eligible to be queen. Pedro's legitimate son, future king Fernando I of Portugal, was a frail child, whereas Pedro and Inês's illegitimate children were thriving; this created even more discomfort among the Portuguese nobles, who feared the increasing Castilian influence over Pedro. Afonso IV banished Inês from the court after Constance's death, but Pedro remained with her. After several attempts to keep the lovers apart, Afonso IV ordered Inês's death. Pêro Coelho, Álvaro Gonçalves, and Diogo Lopes Pacheco went to the Monastery of Santa Clarain Coimbra, where Inês was detained, and killed her. Pedro rebelled against his father, causing civil war. Pedro became king of Portugalin 1357. He then stated that he had secretly married Inês, who was consequently the lawful queen, although his word was, and still is, the only proof of the marriage. He had Inês's body exhumed and forced the entire court to swear allegiance to it as queen. She was later buried at the Monastery of Alcobaçawhere her coffin can still be seen, opposite Pedro's so that, according to the legend, at the Last Judgment Pedro and Inês can look at each other as they rise from their graves. Both marble coffins are exquisitely sculpted with scenes from their lives and a promise by Pedro that they would be together "até ao fim do mundo" (until the end of the world).
Inês de Castro’s history is immortalized in several plays and poems in Portuguese, such as "The Lusíadas" by
Luís de Camões, and Spanish language, such as "Reinar despues de morir" by Luís Vélez de Guevara, as well as a play by French playwright Henry de Montherlantcalled "La Reine morte" (The Dead Queen).
There have been over 20 operas, including
*"Ines de Castro" by
Niccolò Antonio Zingarelli(1798)
*"Ines de Castro" by
Giuseppe Persianito a libretto by Salvatore Cammarano(1835)
*"Ines de Castro" by Scottish composer James MacMillan was first performed at the 1996
Edinburgh International Festival[http://www.scottishopera.org.uk/cms/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=26&Itemid=48&limit=1&limitstart=2]
*The opera "Wut" ("Rage") in German by
Swisscomposer Andrea Lorenzo Scartazzini(born 1971) was performed for the first time at the Theater Erfurt, Germany, on September 9, 2006.Inês de Castro and Pedro I had the following children:
*(Prince) Afonso (?), died young.
*(Princess) Beatrice, (c. 1347–1381), married
Sancho of Alburquerqueaka Sancho of Castile, Count of Albuquerque & Haro.
*(Prince) John (1349–1397), claimant to the throne during the
*(Prince) Denis (1354–1397), claimant to the throne during the
Inês de Castro and
Pedro I of Portugalwere the great-great-grandparents of Ferdinand II of Aragon. Ferdinard's wife Isabella of Castilewas a great-great-granddaughter of Pedro I of Portugaland his mistress Teresa Lourenço.
Quinta das Lágrimas
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Look at other dictionaries:
Inés de Castro — Reina consorte de Portugal (a título póstumo) Nacimiento 1320 Galicia, Reino de Galicia (actual España) Cónyuge/s … Wikipedia Español
Ines de Castro — Inês de Castro Inês de Castro (* 1320 in Galicien; † 7. Januar 1355 in Coimbra); war eine kastilische Adlige und Ehefrau des späteren portugiesischen Königs Peter I. Auf Befehl ihres Schwiegervaters, König Alfons IV. wurde sie als Hochverrät … Deutsch Wikipedia
Inés de Castro — Inês de Castro Inês de Castro (* 1320 in Galicien; † 7. Januar 1355 in Coimbra); war eine kastilische Adlige und Ehefrau des späteren portugiesischen Königs Peter I. Auf Befehl ihres Schwiegervaters, König Alfons IV. wurde sie als Hochverrät … Deutsch Wikipedia
Inês de Castro — (* 1320 in Galicien; † 7. Januar 1355 in Coimbra); war eine kastilische Adlige und Ehefrau des späteren portugiesischen Königs Peter I. Auf Befehl ihres Schwiegervaters, König Alfons IV. wurde sie als Hochv … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Inês de Castro — Inés de Castro Pour les articles homonymes, voir Castro. Inés de Castro Inés de Castro (Inês de Castro en … Wikipédia en Français
Inés de Castro — Inés de Castro, Reina después de Muerta. Nació en el año (1320) en Galicia, España. Era hija natural de Pedro Fernández de Castro, Marqués de Lemos (nieto del rey Sancho IV de Castilla) y de Aldonza Suárez de Valladares (descendiente del rey… … Enciclopedia Universal
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