Laval University

Laval University

name = Laval University
Université Laval

image_size = 150px
motto = "Deo favente haud pluribus impar"
(By the grace of God, to no one equal)
established = 1663 Séminaire de Québec now Université Laval (1852-present)
type = Public
endowment = $105.3 million
rector = Denis Brière
city = Quebec City
state = QC
country = Canada
undergrad = 28,902
postgrad = 8,689
colours = Red color box|#FF0000 and gold color box|#FDD017
staff =
campus = Urban/Suburban
free_label = Sports teams
free = Rouge-et-Or
affiliations = AUCC, IAU,AUFC, UArctic, ACU, CIS, QSSF
website= []

Laval University [] [] (French: Université Laval) is the oldest centre of education in Canada, and was the first institution in North America to offer higher education in French. Its main campus is located in Quebec City, Quebec, the capital of the Province, on the outskirts of the historic city.

According to the university's website, Laval ranked among top ten of Canadian universities in terms of research funding. [Université Laval. [ "Université Laval at a Glance"] . (accessed 17 April 2007)] Classified as a Medical-Doctoral university for its medical school and extensive graduate population.


The origins of the university are the "Séminaire de Québec" founded in 1663 by Monseigneur François de Laval, the first bishop of New France. Laval University was established by the Séminaire de Québec in 1852. [] The "Séminaire de Québec" was granted a Royal Charter in 8 Dec 1852 by Queen Victoria, creating Université Laval with 'the rights and privileges of a university'. [ Laval University/Université Laval ] ]

Bishop Bourget of Montreal suggested interesting the Quebec Seminary in the establishment of Laval University. The Principal, M. Louis Casault, visited Europe to obtain a Royal charter, and studied the best university systems. The charter was signed in 1852. The Pope Benedict XV approved the scheme, and authorized the erection of chairs of theology and the conferring of degrees. [ The Project Gutenberg EBook #6466 of 'The Intellectual Development of the Canadian People, A historical review' by John George Bourinot, House of Commons, Ottawa, February 17th, 1881 ]

In 1878, the university opened a second campus in Montreal, which later became the Université de Montréal on May 8th, 1919 by a writ of Pope Benedict XV. In 1971, a second charter vesting supreme authority in the Laval University council was proclaimed.

While the main campus moved out from Séminaire de Québec since then, the architecture school returned to that heritage building (now affectionately referred to as "Le Vieux Séminaire") in 1989.

The governance structure at Laval incorporates the powers of board and senate. The governance was modelled on the provincial University of Toronto Act of 1906 which established a bicameral system of university government consisting of a senate (faculty), responsible for academic policy, and a board of governors (citizens) exercising exclusive control over financial policy and having formal authority in all other matters. The president, appointed by the board, was to provide a link between the 2 bodies and to perform institutional leadership. In 1911, the Medical Faculty of Laval University set up courses on public hygiene.

In the early part of this century, professional education expanded beyond the traditional fields of theology, law and medicine. Graduate training based on the German- inspired American model of specialized course work and the completion of a research thesis was introduced.

The policy of university education initiated in the 1960s responded to population pressure and the belief that higher education was a key to social justice and economic productivity for individuals and for society.

Book Publishing

Les Presses de l'université Laval, which was founded in 1950, deals with French Canadian civilization, literature, medieval studies, law, the social sciences, the physical sciences and engineering. [ [ University Presses ] ]

Buildings and Features

Laval's main campus is considered one of the most striking in Quebec. It covers 1.2 km2 and has over 30 buildings, all linked by 10 km of underground walkways, which are frequently used particularly in the winter, when temperatures drop below the freezing point. Of the campus lands, 56 per cent are wooded areas, grasslands, and sports fields. The campus is home to a plethora of different flora and fauna, including some 67 species of deciduous and coniferous trees and 60 different species of birds.


As of 2002, Laval has over 350 programmes, and more than 37,000 students, 20 per cent of whom are studying at the postgraduate level. The university also attracts more than 2,500 foreign students yearly, and has close to 1,000 students from other parts of the country. Many students are also drawn to the university by the "Français pour non-francophones" programme that offers instruction in French as a second language to students from across Canada and around the world. It is also the only university training forestry engineers in the province of Quebec, Canada.


* Urban planning, Architecture, and Visual arts
* Law
* Postgraduate Studies
* Forestry and Geomatics is part of the AUFSC and has accredited baccalaureate of science programs with specializations in forestry & environmental management; forestry operations (co-op) and forestry engineering.
* Agroenvironnemental engineering, agricultural engineering, Chemical Engineering, Civil Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Geological Engineering, Computer Engineering, Metallurgical Engineering, Mining Engineering, Physics, Rural engineering [ [ Canadian Engineering Memorial Foundation - University List ] ]
* Literature
* Medicine
* Dentistry
* Music
* Pharmacy
* Philosophy
* Administrative Sciences
* Agriculture and Food sciences
**The Département des sciences des aliments et de nutrition has an accredited dietetic program. The university is accredited by a professional organization such as the Dietitians of Canada and the university's graduates may subsequently become registered dietitians. List of universities with accredited dietetic programs
* Education
* Science and Engineering
* Nursing
* Social Science
* Theology and Religious Studies


Athletics take place at the vast PEPS complex. Laval's varsity sports team are named the Rouge-et-Or (Red and Gold). The men's football Laval Rouge-et-Or are the 2006 Canadian champions and have won the past four of eight Vanier Cups.

Notable alumni

* Martial Asselin, Senator and Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec
* Marius Barbeau, anthropologist and folklorist
* Jean Bazin, Senator
* Conrad, Lord Black, former newspaper magnate
* Pierre Blais, Solicitor General, Minister of Justice, and Justice of the Federal Court of Appeal
* Lucien Bouchard, Minister of the Environment and 32nd Premier of Quebec
* Louis-Philippe Brodeur, Minister of Defence, Supreme Court Justice, and Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec (Montreal campus)
* Lawrence Arthur Dumoulin Cannon, Supreme Court Justice
* Lawrence Cannon, Minister of Transport
* Lucien Cannon, Solicitor General
* Henry George Carroll, Solicitor General and Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec
* Pierre-François Casgrain, Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons
* Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, Fifth Premier of Quebec and Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec
* Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, First Premier of Quebec
* Julien Chouinard, Supreme Court Justice
* Jean Chrétien, 20th Prime Minister of Canada
* Adrian Cioroianu, Romanian Senator, Member of the European Parliament
* Michael Cogger, Senator
* Raoul Dandurand, Speaker of the Canadian Senate; Former president of the Assembly of the League of Nations
* Esther Delisle, Historian and author
* Stéphane Dion, Leader of the Liberal Party of Canada, 2006-
* Maurice Duplessis, 18th and 20th Premier of Quebec (Montreal campus)
* Pierre Duchesne, Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec
* Eugène Fiset, Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec
* Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, Solicitor General, Minister of Justice, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec
* Edmund James Flynn, 11th Premier of Quebec
* Jacques Flynn, Senator and Minister of Justice
* Michael Fortier, Senator and Minister of Public Works
* Onésime Gagnon, Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec
* Lomer Gouin, 13th Premier of Quebec (Montreal campus)
* Steve Langford, reporter (did not graduate) (
* Ernest Lapointe, Minister of Justice
* Hugues Lapointe, Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec
* Claire L'Heureux-Dubé, Supreme Court Justice
* Louis-Honoré Fréchette, Quebec poet, playwright and writer
* François Langelier, Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec
* Louis LeBel, Supreme Court Justice
* Jean Lesage, 23rd Premier of Quebec
* René Lévesque, 27th Premier of Quebec (did not graduate)
* Arthur Cyrille Albert Malouin, Supreme Court Justice
* Michael Meighen, Senator
* Theodore Meighen, Lawyer and philanthropist
* Ben Mulroney, Entertainment broadcast-journalist and son of Brian Mulroney
* Brian Mulroney, 18th Prime Minister of Canada
* Georges Parent, Speaker of the Canadian Senate
* Simon-Napoléon Parent, Premier of Quebec
* Esioff-Léon Patenaude, Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec
* Charles Alphonse Pantaléon Pelletier, Lieutenant-Governor of Quebec
* Louis-Philippe Pigeon, Supreme Court Justice
* Charles Gavan Power, Senator and Minister of Defence
* Yves Pratte, Supreme Court Justice
* Thibaudeau Rinfret, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court (Montreal campus)
* Adolphe-Basile Routhier, Quebec writer and judge
* Louis St. Laurent, 12th Prime Minister of Canada
* Alexandra Szacka, CBC/Radio-Canada correspondent in Moscow
* Sir Henri-Elzéar Taschereau, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
* Henri-Thomas Taschereau, Chief Justice of Quebec
* Jean-Thomas Taschereau, Supreme Court Justice
* Louis-Alexandre Taschereau, 16th Premier of Quebec
* Robert Taschereau, Chief Justice of the Supreme Court
* Alireza Tahmasbi, Iran's Minister of Mines and Industry
* Georges Vanier, Governor General of Canada (Montreal campus)
* Niklaus Wirth, Turing Award winner

ee also

* List of colleges and universities named after people
* List of universities in Quebec
* List of universities in Canada
* Group of Thirteen (Canadian universities)
*List of oldest universities by region
* Quebec City
* CHYZ campus radio station


External links

* [ Université Laval]
* [ Bibliothèque de l'Université Laval]
* [ Faculty of Forestry and Geomatics Website]

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