- National Assessment on Climate Change
The National Climate Assessment (NCA) is a large-scale national project that is conducted under the auspices of the Global Change Research Act of 1990, and is one of the many activities of the US Global Change Research Program (USGCRP), a program which coordinates and integrates federal research on changes in the global environment and their implications for society. The next National Climate Assessment is due to produce a report for the President and Congress in 2013.
The first National Assessment on Climate Change (NACC) was a multidisciplinary effort to study and portray in regional detail the potential effects of human-induced global warming on the United States. The project was articulated into some 20 regional studies - each involving dozens of scientific and academic experts as well as representatives of industry and environmental groups. The final reports synthesizing regional and national findings were published in November 2000, titled "National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change."
The National Assessment received criticism from many of those who were involved in its early review.
- "Critics claimed that many of the model-projected impacts of possible future climate changes were overstated and unsubstantiated. The National Assessment Synthesis Team (NAST), with overall authority for the report, countered that much of the criticism it had received did not take into account the time scales upon which the report was based; the report targeted the effects of climate toward the middle of this century to the end of the next. Also, seemingly contradictory outcomes were produced by the two climate models selected for making the climate projections, casting some lingering doubt on the overall value and utility of the results for decision makers at the local, regional, and national levels. Various regional and resource-focused assessments are now available at the USGCRP website . A final synthesis report by the NAST, of the same title and consisting of an overview of all of the regional and sectoral studies, was released in December 2000."
The National Assessment was attacked upon publication by the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI), an industry-funded think tank with an anti-regulatory free-market philosophy and a longstanding history of opposing efforts to address global warming. CEI filed lawsuits seeking to have the NACC report declared unlawful and to suppress its dissemination. These suits were dismissed "with prejudice," which means they had so little merit that they could not be refiled. In an interview, James R. Mahoney, admitted that the Climate Change Science Program has been constrained in its ability to use information in the National Assessment.
The NACC report has also been attacked by other industry-funded think tanks, including the American Enterprise Institute. Its critics claim that the report is flawed in its methodology and conclusions, however, their assertions are not based on fact but rather political ideology .
The National Assessment was followed in 2002 by a new program, the Climate Change Science Program. That program produced 21 reports, yielding its first in May, 2006.
In June 2002, the United States Environmental Protection Agency produced its own, separate report on climate change, titled the "Climate Action Report."  It reached conclusions similar to the NACC report and was also attacked by CEI, which used the occasion to call for the firing of EPA head Christine Todd Whitman. 
- ^ NACC "National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change."
- ^ See Competitive Enterprise Institute v. George Bush, Complaint For Declarative Relief, No. 1:03CV1670 RJL (D.D.C. Aug. 6, 2003); Competitive Enterprise Institute v. George Bush, Stipulation of Dismissal with Prejudice, No. 1:03CV1670 RJL (D.D.C. Nov. 4, 2003).
- "National Assessment of the Potential Consequences of Climate Variability and Change," National Assessment on Climate Change, November 2000.
- "Climate Action Report," U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, June 2002.
- Katharine Hayhoe et al. (2004), "Emissions pathways, climate change, and impacts on California", Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Volume 101, 34, page(s) 12422-12427
- Paul D. Thacker "Interview with Rick Piltz" in Environmental Science and Technology
- Chris Mooney, American Prospect, June 2005, "Lowball Warming: There should be a special circle in hell for people who mess with scientific data"
- Paul D. Thacker "Researchers Applaud Grassroots Climate Change Study" in Environmental Science and Technology.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Climate Change Science Program — The Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) was the program responsible for coordinating and integrating research on global warming by U.S. government agencies from February 2002 to June 2009. Toward the end of that period, CCSP issued 21… … Wikipedia
Climate change mitigation — Fossil fuel related CO2 emissions compared to five of IPCC s emissions scenarios. The dips are related to global recessions. Data from IPCC SRES scenarios; … Wikipedia
Climate change in Washington — Main article: Climate change in the United States Digitally colored elevation map of Washington. Climate change in the American state of Washington is a subject of study and projection today. Contents … Wikipedia
Climate change in New Zealand — Atmospheric carbon dioxide record from Baring Head, Wellington from 1977 to 2007. See also: Climate of New Zealand Climate change in New Zealand, in the sense of anthropogenic global warming during the 20th century, is apparen … Wikipedia
Climate change and agriculture — are interrelated processes, both of which take place on a global scale. Global warming is projected to have significant impacts on conditions affecting agriculture, including temperature, carbon dioxide, glacial run off, precipitation and the… … Wikipedia
Climate change and poverty — link a process and a condition that are interrelated. While the effects of climate change and global warming will have direct effects on the natural environment especially on agriculture, the impact on human civilization is also of concern.… … Wikipedia
Climate change in Australia — Climate change has become a major issue in Australia due to drastic climate events since the turn of the 21st century that have focused government and public attention. Rainfall in Australia has increased slightly over the past century,… … Wikipedia
Climate change in China — is a contentious issue since it is not required to be a signatory to the Kyoto Protocol yet it is responsible for one of the highest levels of greenhouse gas emissions. Contents 1 Contribution 1.1 Cement 1.2 Coal … Wikipedia
Climate change mitigation scenarios — are possible futures in which global warming is reduced by deliberate actions, such as a comprehensive switch to energy sources other than fossil fuels. A typical mitigation scenario is constructed by selecting a long range target, such as a… … Wikipedia
Climate change alarmism — or global warming alarmism is a critical description of a rhetorical style that stresses the potentially catastrophic effects of global warming to the point where the scale of the problem appears to exclude the possibility of real action or… … Wikipedia