Administration Country France Region Franche-Comté Department Jura Arrondissement Lons-le-Saunier Canton Champagnole Mayor Jean Charoppin
Statistics Elevation 476–783 m (1,562–2,569 ft)
(avg. 545 m/1,788 ft)
Land area1 20.18 km2 (7.79 sq mi) Population2 8,587 (2006) - Density 426 /km2 (1,100 /sq mi) INSEE/Postal code 39097/ 39300 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Champagnole has the publicity tag of "Pearl of the Jura" and is a small town at the geographical centre of Jura tourism. It stands on the right bank of the young River Ain at the foot of Mont Rivel (800m). It is around 130 km north east of Lyon, around 90 km south east of Dijon, and around 60 km north of Geneva.
Champagnole’s economic activity is principally industrial. The town is surrounded by blocks of forest so the exploitation of the timber and of its derivatives supplies the raw materials for furniture factories, including bathroom furniture. There is also a craft trade in box-making, wooden utensils and toys.
The presence of the Ain is the source of other industries at Champagnole: mills, iron and steel working, including specialist steels and drawing wire to special sections. The Forges de Syam, which are classed as an historic monument, are a proud representative of this metalworking tradition. A less obvious connection with the river lies in the aluminium foundry-work done at Champagnole but a speciality in this field usually goes with a supply of relatively cheap, hydroelectricity, a product of the Ain since the early 20th century. There are also printing works, plastic injection moulding factories, micro-mechanical workshops and optical laboratories producing spectacles.
Its food specialities are charcuterie or pork butchery, represented by fumé du Jura (smoked Jura ham); Comté (a cow’s milk cheese) or goat cheese, other milk products and honey (from spruce and from flowers).
The modern economy of the town is based on the economic assets of the region historically. Though it is normal to think of steel works in connection with extensive, flat sites and the proximity of coal, here iron-working began before the use of coal for the purpose was practical. The forest was needed to provide charcoal. The river in its steep bed provided power. There was plenty of limestone for smelting flux and some ferruginous limestone, though how useful that will have been as ore is not clear. (Compare Red Mountain, Birmingham, Alabama). Another consideration is the fact that Champagnole is so to speak, just over the hill from La Tène, the centre of late Iron Age culture. See La Tène culture.
List of the successive mayors mandate Name Party background March 2001 Jean Charoppin 'Earlier data are not yet available.
Historical population of Champagnole 1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2005 7531 9273 10293 9713 9250 8616 8296 (est.) From the year 1962 on: population without double counting—residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel) are counted only once.
Its inhabitants are known as Champagnolais.
Monuments and tourism sites
- Gateway to the high Jura and to the land of the Jura lakes, Champagnole is a floral town featuring the "Parc de Belle Frise". The Ain passes below the lower edge of the park. On its bank are walks. Champagnole is a sporting town with all types of sports club including rugby, football, tennis, baseball, pétanque and handball.
- In the same way, Champagnole is the gateway to the Route des Sapins (the Pine Road), which in forty kilometres, crosses the forests of the Frese, the Joux and of Levier, named after the commune where the route ends.
- The Forges de Syam form part both of the history of Champagnole's industry and of its present. There are signs that it may be set for the future too.
- Official town site
- Champagnole on the Quid site in French.
- The nearest communes to Champagnole
- Find Champagnole on the map of France
- Plan of Champagnole on Mapquest
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Look at other dictionaries:
Champagnole — Champagnole … Deutsch Wikipedia
Champagnole — Champagnole … Wikipedia Español
Champagnole — (spr. schangpanjoll ), Stadt im franz. Depart. Jura, Arrond. Poligny, 545 m ü. M., am Fuß des Mont Rivel, am Ain und der Lyoner Bahn, nach dem Brande 1798 neu erbaut, hat bedeutende Eisenwerke, Brettsägen und (1901) 3677 Einw … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Champagnole — 46° 44′ 53″ N 5° 54′ 28″ E / 46.7480555556, 5.90777777778 … Wikipédia en Français
Champagnole — Original name in latin Champagnole Name in other language Champagnole, Shampan ol , Shampanol, shang pa ni ao lei, Шампаньоль, Шампањол State code FR Continent/City Europe/Paris longitude 46.74452 latitude 5.91354 altitude 540 Population 9239… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Gare de Champagnole — Champagnole Bâtiment voyageurs côté cour Localisation Pays France Commune Champagnole … Wikipédia en Français
Aérodrome de Champagnole — Crotenay Aérodrome de Champagnole Crotenay Code AITA Code OACI … Wikipédia en Français
Canton de Champagnole — Administration Pays France Région Franche Comté Département Jura Arrondissement Lons le Saunier Code c … Wikipédia en Français
Communauté de communes Champagnole Porte du Haut-Jura — Administration Pays France Région … Wikipédia en Français
Canton De Champagnole — Administration Pays France Région Franche Comté Département Jura Arrondissement Lons le Saunier Code cantonal 39 06 C … Wikipédia en Français