Ashvins

Ashvins

The Ashvins (Sanskrit: अश्विन aśvin-, dual aśvinau), in Hindu mythology, are divine twin horsemen in the Rigveda, sons of Saranya (daughter of vishwakarma), a goddess of the clouds and wife of Surya in his form as Vivasvat. The Ashvins are Vedic gods symbolising the shining of sunrise and sunset, appearing in the sky before the dawn in a golden chariot, bringing treasures to men and averting misfortune and sickness. They can be compared with the Dioscuri (the twins Castor and Pollux) of Greek and Roman mythology, and especially to the divine twins Ašvieniai of the ancient Baltic religion.

They are the doctors of gods and are devas of Ayurvedic medicine. They are called Nasatya (dual nāsatyau "kind, helpful") in the Rigveda; later, Nasatya is the name of one twin, while the other is called Dasra ("enlightened giving"). By popular etymology, the name nāsatya was analysed as na+asatya "not untrue"="true".

In the epic Mahabharata, King Pandu's wife Madri is granted a son by each Ashvin God and bears the twins Nakula and Sahadeva who, along with the sons of Kunti, are known as the Pandavas.

To each one of them is assigned the number 7 and to the pair the number 14.

Ashvini is the name of an asterism in Indian astronomy, later identified with the mother of the Ashvins. This asterism forms the first of the 27 asterisms that form the zodiac in Indian astronomy. This star is identified as Hamal, the brightest star in the constellation of Aries (Alpha Arietis)

The Ashvins are mentioned 376 times in the Rigveda, with 57 hymns specifically dedicated to them: 1.3, 1.22, 1.34, 1.46-47, 1.112, 1.116-120 (c.f. Vishpala), 1.157-158, 1.180-184, 2.20, 3.58, 4.43-45, 5.73-78, 6.62-63, 7.67-74, 8.5, 8.8-10, 8.22, 8.26, 8.35, 8.57, 8.73, 8.85-87, 10.24, 10.39-41, 10.143.

See also

References


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Ashvins — Die beiden Ashvins (Sanskrit: अश्विन Aśvin m.; im Dual:अश्विनौ Aśvinau; zu aśva »Pferd«) oder Nasatyas (नसत्यौ Nāsatyau »(zwei) Nichtunwahre«) sind in der vedischen Mythologie zwei göttliche jugendhafte Zwillinge. Ihre Namen sind Dasra… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ashvins —    The Ashvins (horsemen) are twin gods of the sky in the VEDAS, depicted as young and beautiful males. They seem to have been associated with the predawn light. The Ashvins do not play a great role in later epic and Puranic mythology (see… …   Encyclopedia of Hinduism

  • Ashvins — Les Ashvins (Sanskrit: अश्विन) (aśvin propriétaire de chevaux , dresseur de chevaux , cavalier ) ou Ashwini Kumaras sont des cavaliers jumeaux dans le Rig Veda, fils de Saranya, la déesse des nuages et l épouse de Vivasvat (une forme de Sûrya, le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ashvins — Ạshvins   [ ʃ ; Sanskrit »Pferdebesitzer«] Plural, Zwillingsgötter der altindischen Mythologie. Im Veda erscheinen die Ashvins bei Sonnenaufgang am Himmel in einem Wagen, der von Pferden gezogen wird. Im Hinduismus gelten sie als Bewahrer vor… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Aṣvins — Ashvins Les Ashvins (Sanskrit: अश्विन) (aśvin propriétaire de chevaux , dresseur de chevaux , cavalier ) ou Ashwini Kumaras sont des cavaliers jumeaux dans le Rig Veda, fils de Saranya, la déesse des nuages et l épouse de Vivasvat (une forme de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Chyavana — (Sanskrit: च्यवन, Cyavana) was a maharshi (great sage) in Hindu mythology. He was son of sage Bhrigu and known for his rejuvenation after penances for several years. According to the Mahabharata, he was powerful enough to oppose the Vajra of… …   Wikipedia

  • Ratha — Frontales Standbild von Surya im Sonnentempel von Konarak. Unterhalb Bildausschnitt: Klein zu seinen Füßen ein Wagenlenker (es ist Aruna, die „Morgenröte“), darunter Fries mit den sieben Pferden seines Wagens. Ratha (Sanskrit: रथ ratha [ˈrʌtʰʌ]… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tempelwagen — Frontales Standbild von Surya im Sonnentempel von Konarak. Unterhalb Bildausschnitt: Klein zu seinen Füßen ein Wagenlenker (es ist Aruna, die „Morgenröte“), darunter Fries mit den sieben Pferden seines Wagens. Ratha (Sanskrit, m., रथ. ratha, aves …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pravargya — The parvargya rite is an exalted vedic sacrifice performed by an Arya to the ashvins and offers a glimpse of the fusion of the two ancient ritual streams of the pre Rigvedic past. One component of it is the ancient gharma rite to the Ashvins… …   Wikipedia

  • Vedisme — Védisme Le feu manifeste Agni, un déva. Le védisme[1]est une civilisation apportée en Inde antique par un peuple descendu des plateaux de l Iran, après la décadence des villes de Mohenjo daro et de Harappa. Ce peuple …   Wikipédia en Français


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