Infobox UK place
region= East Midlands
population= 18,910 (2001 Census)
postcode_district= PE24, PE25
constituency_westminster= Boston and Skegness
london_distance= 114 mi (183 km) S
Skegness is a seaside town and
civil parishwithin the East Lindseydistrict of Lincolnshire, England. Located along the Lincolnshire coastof the North Sea, it is convert|43|mi|km|0 east of the city of Lincoln, and has a total resident population of 18,910. [cite web |url=http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadAreaSearch.do?a=7&c=skegness&i=1001&m=0&enc=1&areaSearchText=skegness&areaSearchType=16&extendedList=true&searchAreas=Search |title=Skegness (Parish) |author= United Kingdom Census 2001 |publisher=neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk |accessdate=2007-06-30] Grid reference: TF564636.
Skegness is perhaps best known as the location of the first Butlins holiday resort, built in 1936, which remains within the area to this day, and in this capacity, remains one of the more famous
seaside resorts in the United Kingdom.
The name indicates that Skegness has its origin in the Danish period of settlement in England. Although it has been suggested that it looks like a foot, a hypothetical
Vikingresponsible for establishing the earliest settlement on this location, it is much more likely to have derived from words which appear in modern Danish as "skæg", beard and "næs", nose or in geographical terms, headland.
Lying within the historic county boundaries of
Lincolnshirefrom a very early time, for governance, the parish of Skegness was in the Marsh division of the ancient CandleshoeWapentake in the Parts of Lindsey. Longshore driftcarries particles of sediment southwards along the Lincolnshire coastbut at Skegness, the sand settles out in banks ( tombolos) which run at a slight angle to the coast forming the beard. The slightly elevated duneland sheltered the small natural harbour which the Danes found behind the banks. The finer sediment drifts on to find a home in the mud of The Wash, beyond Gibraltar Point.
In August 1642, a consignment of arms and money, probably raised by Queen
Henrietta Maria, in the Netherlandsfor the support of King Charles I's campaign in the Civil War, was forced into Skegness by the ships of the Parliamentarian Earl of Warwick. [Thompson, P. "The History and Antiquities of Boston and the Hundred of Skirbeck" (1856) facsimile edn. (1987) ISBN 0-948639-20-2 See also [http://boar.org.uk/ariwxo3FNQ1113.htm external link] ]
Skegness was primarily a fishing village and small port until the arrival of the railway in 1875. In 1908,
Great Northern Railwayscommissioned a poster to advertise excursions to the resort. The 'Skegness is so Bracing' poster and featuring The Jolly Fishermanhelped to put Skegness on the map and is now world famous. The poster was drawn by John Hassall (illustrator)for a sum of 12 guineas. Paradoxically, Mr Hassall had never visited the resort until 1936.
Resort town &
currency restrictions were lifted and travellers could leave the UK with more than 50 pounds.
Ingoldmells, the parish to the north of Skegness, was the site of the UK's first Holiday Camp, started by Billy Butlinin 1936. Butlin'sis still there today, in modern dress, at the north end of the town, on the road to Ingoldmells.
In March 2005, Skegness took the top spot in a survey by " [http://www.yours.co.uk Yours] " magazine, looking at the best retirement places in the UK. "Yours" researchers visited sixty likely towns, and factors involved in judging included house prices, hospital waiting lists, the crime rate, council tax rates, activities and attractions, weather patterns and ease of transport. It has also been described by
Lonely Planet's Great Britain guide as "everything you could want" in a seaside resort.On July 22, 2008 the newly elected mayor of London, Boris Johnson, caused controversy in an article in the Daily Telegraph where he declared "Stuff Skegness, my trunks and I are off to the sun"" in his desire to have a foreign holiday this year.
Today the town's tourist industry mainly caters for
working-classholiday-makers and day-trippers. Fact|date=August 2008
Skegness has been dubbed "the
Blackpoolof the East Coast" or "Skeggy", and has a famous mascot, the [http://www.skegness.gov.uk/pages/jollyfisherman.htm Jolly Fisherman] (designed by John Hassall in 1908 for the Great Northern Railway), and a slogan - "Skegness is "so" bracing" - a reference to the chilly prevailing north-easterly winds that can and frequently do blow off the North Sea.
The town is popularly known as "Skeg", "Skeggy", "Costa del Skeg" or "Skegvegas". Further up the coast are the other holiday resorts of
Mablethorpe, Sutton-on-Sea, Ingoldmellsand Chapel St Leonards.
Many of the hotels, guest-houses, self catering apartments and bed & breakfast establishments in and around the Skegness area are members of the "Skegness East Coast and Wolds Hospitality Association" or SECWHA for short. An association formed in April 2008 after the merging of two previous associations known as "The Skegness Hoteliers Association", consisting of Hotel, bed and breakfast and guest house accommodation providers and the "Skegness Self Catering Association", consisting of holiday flats, chalet and caravan parks.Members of "Skegness East Coast and Wolds Hospitality Association" can be contacted through their website http://www.secwha.co.uk/
At the end of "Lumley Road" is the prominent [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/15132 clock tower] near the stone [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/780035 fisherman] and [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/15137 boating lake] . The name Lumley comes from the surname of the
Earl of Scarbrough's family. [http://www.skegnessanglican.org.uk/st-matthew/index.html St Matthew's] [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/822469 church] of Early English Gothic style is on "Lumley Avenue", being built by the Earl of Scarbrough in 1879, and [http://www.skegnessanglican.org.uk/st-clement/index.html St Clement's] is on "Church Road North". [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/780000 Tower Gardens] , previously known as the Pleasure Gardens, opened in 1878 after being generously [http://www.bbc.co.uk/lincolnshire/content/articles/2005/07/20/coast05walks_stage6.shtml donated] by the Earl of Scarbrough. The gardens have [http://www.e-lindsey.gov.uk/leisure/parks-gardens/tower-gardens/ events] during the summer.
Skegness had a 1,843 foot (562 m) long [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/691349 pier] which was opened on
Whit Monday1881, at that time it was the fourth longest in England. Steamboat trips ran from the pier to The Wash and Hunstantonin Norfolkfrom 1882 until 1910. In 1919, it was damaged by a drifting ship and it took twenty years to raise the money to fully repair it. Again in 1978, the pier was badly damaged and considerably shortened; this time by severe gales. [Robinson, D.N. "The Book of the Lincolnshire Seaside" (1983) pp.98-109.] The pier has since undergone major refurbishment and is now once again a thriving tourist attraction, although it no longer extends far seaward of the high tide line.
Well-known hotels include the " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/815750 Lumley] ", the " [http://www.thevinehotel.com Vine] ", and " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/216389 Southview Park Hotel] " (west along the A158).
There is a [http://www.skegnesslifeboat.org lifeboat] station. The lifeboat is [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/401758 launched] with a [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/780022 tractor] . The coastguard is a mile further north at [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/216430 Seathorne] .
Two miles out to sea is a gas drilling [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/426430 platform] .
" [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/780050 Lumley Road] " is the main shopping area, with plenty of fish and chip shops and pubs. There are large
Morrisonsand Tescosupermarkets in the centre of the town near the railway station, and a Co-op in the Hildreds Shopping Centre.
There are also seasonal shops selling cheap ways to entertain oneself, such as kites and buckets and spades.
The seafront teems with a variety of ways for visiting tourists to spend their money. The main strip of road along the beach is a
kaleidoscopeof neon and flashing lights advertising arcade machines, slot machines, fairground rides, crazy golf, fish-and-chipshops and various bars.
On August 16 2007, a huge fire hit an entertainment complex on the Skegness front, no one was injured but the severity of the fire meant that the complex had to be demolished. [cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/lincolnshire/6950796.stm|title=Coastal arcade destroyed by fire|publisher=
BBC News|date= 2007-08-17|accessdate=2007-08-18] There are many rumours circulating as to what could be built on the [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/649810 site] but the owners plan to release details in 2008.
Skegness Hospital is on "Dorothy Avenue". In October 2005, the [http://www.eastlincs-pct.nhs.uk East Lincolnshire Primary Care Trust] closed the Scarbrough Ward at [http://www.nhs.uk/ServiceDirectories/Pages/Hospital.aspx?id=RWDLB&v=1 Skegness Hospital] as part of a package of money-saving measures. Locals were outraged by the decision, because the ward represented about a third of the hospital's entire capacity and also provided
palliative care. Campaigners marched through the streets and held up the traffic, then later called for the resignations of the PCT board members after they turned down a £100,000 donation offered by East Lindsey District Council to enable the ward to remain open through the winter. The PCT said the donation would "impinge" on its duties, and could be considered "unlawful" if accepted. The ward re-opened in 2006 and began operating to its previous capacity again.
The town also has two large GP practices, a nurse-lead community mental health team, providing long-term and short-term care and a PCT health centre; the latter being on "Cecil Avenue".
* [http://www.richmond.lincs.sch.uk Richmond Primary School]
* [http://www.seathorne.lincs.sch.uk Seathorne Primary School]
* [http://www.skegness-inf.lincs.sch.uk Skegness Infant School]
* [http://www.skegness-jun.lincs.sch.uk Skegness Junior School]
* The Viking School (independent)
* [http://www.stclements.lincs.sch.uk St Clement's College] (formerly known as the Earl of Scarbrough High School) is a
secondary modernon "Burgh [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/426448 Road] "
Skegness Grammar Schoolon "Vernon Road".
* Skegness College of Vocational Training
Places of interest
The long wide award-winning sandy [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/391884 beach] features a fine herd of
donkeys for [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/630501 riding] .
On the southern foreshore sits a popular family attraction, the
Fairy Dellpaddling pool. Closed by the district council because of health and safety fears in 2004, the pool soon became the centre of controversy as people from Skegness, elsewhere in the country and as far afield as Australiavoiced their dismay at the loss of such a time-honoured free facility. Taxpayers and town councillors joined forces with the local press to campaign for the Fairy Dell to be reopened, and the district council gave way to public pressure and promised to have it back in operation by summer 2006.
May 22, 2006 the Fairy Dell re-opened following a major refurbishment during which many improvements were made to the pool such as clean-filtered water and extra water features. [http://www.skegnesstoday.co.uk/mk4custompages/CustomPage.aspx?PageID=59018]
* To the south of the town is
Gibraltar Point, a nature reserve on the northern limit of The Wash.
* The town is also a major centre for
* Annual world's premier
Meccanoexhibition is staged in the Embassy Theatre, on the Grand Parade by the [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/544115 seafront] .
* [http://www.pleasurebeachskegness.com Botton's Pleasure Beach] , featuring
roller coasters, mini merry-go-round (the Gallopers), dodgems and many traditional and modern rides
* Annual spectacular end-of-season firework display.
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/544100 Seals] at the [http://www.skegnessnatureland.co.uk Seal Sanctuary] .
The town is served by
Skegness railway station, which is the terminus for the Grantham to Skegness Line. Trains run the full lengh of this and the Nottingham to Grantham Lineto give connections to the East Midlands. Nottingham, Grantham, Boston and Sleafordhave direct connections, while popular places such as Leicester, Derby, and Ketteringrequire a change.
Fine [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/815642 beaches] link the coastal towns, and there are many large caravan parks in the surrounding countryside. One caravan park a short distance to the north of the town near Ingoldmells has its own airfield, with a 755 metre grass [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/35503 runway] . Visiting pilots can call the airfield on 132.425 MHz, although PPR (Prior Permission Required) is stated for landing. A number of years ago,
pleasure flights used to operate from the aerodrome.
Speedway racing was staged at the
stock car racingstadium near to the town. The Skegness Braves failed to operate for a full season in both attempts to operate there.
The resort is served primarily by three local newspapers - the " [http://www.skegnesstoday.co.uk Skegness Standard] ", "Skegness Citizen" and "Skegness Target".
* The Skegness Target is a free newspaper when copies are delivered to homes, which they regularly are each week, but it is a paid-for newspaper when copies are bought from retail outlets such as newsagents and petrol stations.
* The Skegness Standard is always a paid-for newspaper and the Skegness Citizen is a free newspaper which is delivered to homes. Neil Wallis, ex-editor of "
The Sun", and "People", currently deputy editor of the " News of the World", an ex-resident of "Tarran Way", and pupil at Skegness Grammar School, started his journalistic career in the 1960s on the Skegness Standard
* [http://www.skegnessstandard.co.uk The Skegness Standard Local Newspaper]
* [http://www.skegness.gov.uk Skegness Town Council]
* [http://www.skegness.net Skegness Information Portal]
* [http://www.skegnessphotos.co.uk Photos of Skegness, Mablethorpe, Chapel St Leonards from the past to present day]
* [http://www.visitskegness.co.uk Skegness Forum - VisitSkegness.co.uk]
* [http://www.butlinsmemories.com/skegness.htm History of Butlin's]
* [http://www.funcoast.co.uk The Fun Coast]
* [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/LIN/Skegness/ Skegness] , GENUKI article.
* [http://www.oldlocalnewspapers.com Photographic images of old Skegness newspaper articles]
* [http://skegnessvideo.com/2007/08/17/parade-complex-fire-skegness/ The Great Fire of Skegness August 2007 video and photos]
* [http://www.skegnessonline.com/gallery/c1.html Photgraphs of Skegness]
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