Skegness


Skegness

Infobox UK place
official_name= Skegness
country= England
region= East Midlands
population= 18,910 (2001 Census)
os_grid_reference= TF5663
latitude= 53.1453
longitude= 0.3402
post_town= SKEGNESS
postcode_area= PE
postcode_district= PE24, PE25
dial_code= 01754
constituency_westminster= Boston and Skegness
shire_district= East Lindsey
shire_county= Lincolnshire
london_distance= 114 mi (183 km) S
map_type= Lincolnshire

Skegness is a seaside town and civil parish within the East Lindsey district of Lincolnshire, England. Located along the Lincolnshire coast of the North Sea, it is convert|43|mi|km|0 east of the city of Lincoln, and has a total resident population of 18,910. [cite web |url=http://www.neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadAreaSearch.do?a=7&c=skegness&i=1001&m=0&enc=1&areaSearchText=skegness&areaSearchType=16&extendedList=true&searchAreas=Search |title=Skegness (Parish) |author= United Kingdom Census 2001 |publisher=neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk |accessdate=2007-06-30] Grid reference: TF564636.

Skegness is perhaps best known as the location of the first Butlins holiday resort, built in 1936, which remains within the area to this day, and in this capacity, remains one of the more famous seaside resorts in the United Kingdom.

History

Early history

The name indicates that Skegness has its origin in the Danish period of settlement in England. Although it has been suggested that it looks like a foot, a hypothetical Viking responsible for establishing the earliest settlement on this location, it is much more likely to have derived from words which appear in modern Danish as "skæg", beard and "næs", nose or in geographical terms, headland.

Lying within the historic county boundaries of Lincolnshire from a very early time, for governance, the parish of Skegness was in the Marsh division of the ancient Candleshoe Wapentake in the Parts of Lindsey.

Longshore drift carries particles of sediment southwards along the Lincolnshire coast but at Skegness, the sand settles out in banks (tombolos) which run at a slight angle to the coast forming the beard. The slightly elevated dune land sheltered the small natural harbour which the Danes found behind the banks. The finer sediment drifts on to find a home in the mud of The Wash, beyond Gibraltar Point.

In August 1642, a consignment of arms and money, probably raised by Queen Henrietta Maria, in the Netherlands for the support of King Charles I's campaign in the Civil War, was forced into Skegness by the ships of the Parliamentarian Earl of Warwick. [Thompson, P. "The History and Antiquities of Boston and the Hundred of Skirbeck" (1856) facsimile edn. (1987) ISBN 0-948639-20-2 See also [http://boar.org.uk/ariwxo3FNQ1113.htm external link] ]

Skegness was primarily a fishing village and small port until the arrival of the railway in 1875. In 1908, Great Northern Railways commissioned a poster to advertise excursions to the resort. The 'Skegness is so Bracing' poster and featuring The Jolly Fisherman helped to put Skegness on the map and is now world famous. The poster was drawn by John Hassall (illustrator) for a sum of 12 guineas. Paradoxically, Mr Hassall had never visited the resort until 1936.

Resort town & Butlins

currency restrictions were lifted and travellers could leave the UK with more than 50 pounds.

Ingoldmells, the parish to the north of Skegness, was the site of the UK's first Holiday Camp, started by Billy Butlin in 1936. Butlin's is still there today, in modern dress, at the north end of the town, on the road to Ingoldmells.

Present day

In March 2005, Skegness took the top spot in a survey by " [http://www.yours.co.uk Yours] " magazine, looking at the best retirement places in the UK. "Yours" researchers visited sixty likely towns, and factors involved in judging included house prices, hospital waiting lists, the crime rate, council tax rates, activities and attractions, weather patterns and ease of transport. It has also been described by Lonely Planet's Great Britain guide as "everything you could want" in a seaside resort.On July 22, 2008 the newly elected mayor of London, Boris Johnson, caused controversy in an article in the Daily Telegraph where he declared "Stuff Skegness, my trunks and I are off to the sun"" in his desire to have a foreign holiday this year.

Tourist Industry

Today the town's tourist industry mainly caters for working-class holiday-makers and day-trippers. Fact|date=August 2008

Skegness has been dubbed "the Blackpool of the East Coast" or "Skeggy", and has a famous mascot, the [http://www.skegness.gov.uk/pages/jollyfisherman.htm Jolly Fisherman] (designed by John Hassall in 1908 for the Great Northern Railway), and a slogan - "Skegness is "so" bracing" - a reference to the chilly prevailing north-easterly winds that can and frequently do blow off the North Sea.

The town is popularly known as "Skeg", "Skeggy", "Costa del Skeg" or "Skegvegas". Further up the coast are the other holiday resorts of Mablethorpe, Sutton-on-Sea, Ingoldmells and Chapel St Leonards.

Many of the hotels, guest-houses, self catering apartments and bed & breakfast establishments in and around the Skegness area are members of the "Skegness East Coast and Wolds Hospitality Association" or SECWHA for short. An association formed in April 2008 after the merging of two previous associations known as "The Skegness Hoteliers Association", consisting of Hotel, bed and breakfast and guest house accommodation providers and the "Skegness Self Catering Association", consisting of holiday flats, chalet and caravan parks.Members of "Skegness East Coast and Wolds Hospitality Association" can be contacted through their website http://www.secwha.co.uk/

Landmarks

At the end of "Lumley Road" is the prominent [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/15132 clock tower] near the stone [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/780035 fisherman] and [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/15137 boating lake] . The name Lumley comes from the surname of the Earl of Scarbrough's family. [http://www.skegnessanglican.org.uk/st-matthew/index.html St Matthew's] [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/822469 church] of Early English Gothic style is on "Lumley Avenue", being built by the Earl of Scarbrough in 1879, and [http://www.skegnessanglican.org.uk/st-clement/index.html St Clement's] is on "Church Road North". [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/780000 Tower Gardens] , previously known as the Pleasure Gardens, opened in 1878 after being generously [http://www.bbc.co.uk/lincolnshire/content/articles/2005/07/20/coast05walks_stage6.shtml donated] by the Earl of Scarbrough. The gardens have [http://www.e-lindsey.gov.uk/leisure/parks-gardens/tower-gardens/ events] during the summer.

Skegness had a 1,843 foot (562 m) long [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/691349 pier] which was opened on Whit Monday 1881, at that time it was the fourth longest in England. Steamboat trips ran from the pier to The Wash and Hunstanton in Norfolk from 1882 until 1910. In 1919, it was damaged by a drifting ship and it took twenty years to raise the money to fully repair it. Again in 1978, the pier was badly damaged and considerably shortened; this time by severe gales. [Robinson, D.N. "The Book of the Lincolnshire Seaside" (1983) pp.98-109.] The pier has since undergone major refurbishment and is now once again a thriving tourist attraction, although it no longer extends far seaward of the high tide line.

Well-known hotels include the " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/815750 Lumley] ", the " [http://www.thevinehotel.com Vine] ", and " [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/216389 Southview Park Hotel] " (west along the A158).

There is a [http://www.skegnesslifeboat.org lifeboat] station. The lifeboat is [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/401758 launched] with a [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/780022 tractor] . The coastguard is a mile further north at [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/216430 Seathorne] .

Two miles out to sea is a gas drilling [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/426430 platform] .

hopping

" [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/780050 Lumley Road] " is the main shopping area, with plenty of fish and chip shops and pubs. There are large Morrisons and Tesco supermarkets in the centre of the town near the railway station, and a Co-op in the Hildreds Shopping Centre.

There are also seasonal shops selling cheap ways to entertain oneself, such as kites and buckets and spades.

Leisure

The seafront teems with a variety of ways for visiting tourists to spend their money. The main strip of road along the beach is a kaleidoscope of neon and flashing lights advertising arcade machines, slot machines, fairground rides, crazy golf, fish-and-chip shops and various bars.

On August 16 2007, a huge fire hit an entertainment complex on the Skegness front, no one was injured but the severity of the fire meant that the complex had to be demolished. [cite news|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/lincolnshire/6950796.stm|title=Coastal arcade destroyed by fire|publisher=BBC News|date=2007-08-17|accessdate=2007-08-18] There are many rumours circulating as to what could be built on the [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/649810 site] but the owners plan to release details in 2008.

Health

Skegness Hospital is on "Dorothy Avenue". In October 2005, the [http://www.eastlincs-pct.nhs.uk East Lincolnshire Primary Care Trust] closed the Scarbrough Ward at [http://www.nhs.uk/ServiceDirectories/Pages/Hospital.aspx?id=RWDLB&v=1 Skegness Hospital] as part of a package of money-saving measures. Locals were outraged by the decision, because the ward represented about a third of the hospital's entire capacity and also provided palliative care. Campaigners marched through the streets and held up the traffic, then later called for the resignations of the PCT board members after they turned down a £100,000 donation offered by East Lindsey District Council to enable the ward to remain open through the winter. The PCT said the donation would "impinge" on its duties, and could be considered "unlawful" if accepted. The ward re-opened in 2006 and began operating to its previous capacity again.

The town also has two large GP practices, a nurse-lead community mental health team, providing long-term and short-term care and a PCT health centre; the latter being on "Cecil Avenue".

Education

Infant schools

* [http://www.richmond.lincs.sch.uk Richmond Primary School]
* [http://www.seathorne.lincs.sch.uk Seathorne Primary School]
* [http://www.skegness-inf.lincs.sch.uk Skegness Infant School]
* [http://www.skegness-jun.lincs.sch.uk Skegness Junior School]
* The Viking School (independent)

econdary schools

* [http://www.stclements.lincs.sch.uk St Clement's College] (formerly known as the Earl of Scarbrough High School) is a secondary modern on "Burgh [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/426448 Road] "
* Skegness Grammar School on "Vernon Road".

Colleges

* Skegness College of Vocational Training

Places of interest

Beach

The long wide award-winning sandy [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/391884 beach] features a fine herd of donkeys for [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/630501 riding] .

Fairy Dell

On the southern foreshore sits a popular family attraction, the Fairy Dell paddling pool. Closed by the district council because of health and safety fears in 2004, the pool soon became the centre of controversy as people from Skegness, elsewhere in the country and as far afield as Australia voiced their dismay at the loss of such a time-honoured free facility. Taxpayers and town councillors joined forces with the local press to campaign for the Fairy Dell to be reopened, and the district council gave way to public pressure and promised to have it back in operation by summer 2006.

On May 22, 2006 the Fairy Dell re-opened following a major refurbishment during which many improvements were made to the pool such as clean-filtered water and extra water features. [http://www.skegnesstoday.co.uk/mk4custompages/CustomPage.aspx?PageID=59018]

Other

* To the south of the town is Gibraltar Point, a nature reserve on the northern limit of The Wash.
* The town is also a major centre for bowls
* Annual world's premier Meccano exhibition is staged in the Embassy Theatre, on the Grand Parade by the [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/544115 seafront] .
* [http://www.pleasurebeachskegness.com Botton's Pleasure Beach] , featuring roller coasters, mini merry-go-round (the Gallopers), dodgems and many traditional and modern rides
* Annual spectacular end-of-season firework display.
* [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/544100 Seals] at the [http://www.skegnessnatureland.co.uk Seal Sanctuary] .

Transport Links

Roads

The A52 passes through the town from Boston to Mablethorpe and the A158 takes people from Lincoln to Skegness.

Railway

The town is served by Skegness railway station, which is the terminus for the Grantham to Skegness Line. Trains run the full lengh of this and the Nottingham to Grantham Line to give connections to the East Midlands.

Nottingham, Grantham, Boston and Sleaford have direct connections, while popular places such as Leicester, Derby, and Kettering require a change.

Airfield

Fine [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/815642 beaches] link the coastal towns, and there are many large caravan parks in the surrounding countryside. One caravan park a short distance to the north of the town near Ingoldmells has its own airfield, with a 755 metre grass [http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/35503 runway] . Visiting pilots can call the airfield on 132.425 MHz, although PPR (Prior Permission Required) is stated for landing. A number of years ago, pleasure flights used to operate from the aerodrome.

port

Speedway racing was staged at the stock car racing stadium near to the town. The Skegness Braves failed to operate for a full season in both attempts to operate there.

Media

The resort is served primarily by three local newspapers - the " [http://www.skegnesstoday.co.uk Skegness Standard] ", "Skegness Citizen" and "Skegness Target".
* The Skegness Target is a free newspaper when copies are delivered to homes, which they regularly are each week, but it is a paid-for newspaper when copies are bought from retail outlets such as newsagents and petrol stations.
* The Skegness Standard is always a paid-for newspaper and the Skegness Citizen is a free newspaper which is delivered to homes. Neil Wallis, ex-editor of "The Sun", and "People", currently deputy editor of the "News of the World", an ex-resident of "Tarran Way", and pupil at Skegness Grammar School, started his journalistic career in the 1960s on the Skegness Standard

References

External links

* [http://www.skegnessstandard.co.uk The Skegness Standard Local Newspaper]
* [http://www.skegness.gov.uk Skegness Town Council]
* [http://www.skegness.net Skegness Information Portal]
* [http://www.skegnessphotos.co.uk Photos of Skegness, Mablethorpe, Chapel St Leonards from the past to present day]
* [http://www.visitskegness.co.uk Skegness Forum - VisitSkegness.co.uk]
* [http://www.butlinsmemories.com/skegness.htm History of Butlin's]
* [http://www.funcoast.co.uk The Fun Coast]
* [http://www.genuki.org.uk/big/eng/LIN/Skegness/ Skegness] , GENUKI article.
* [http://www.oldlocalnewspapers.com Photographic images of old Skegness newspaper articles]
* [http://skegnessvideo.com/2007/08/17/parade-complex-fire-skegness/ The Great Fire of Skegness August 2007 video and photos]
* [http://www.skegnessonline.com/gallery/c1.html Photgraphs of Skegness]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Skegness — Koordinate …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Skegness — 53° 08′ N 0° 20′ E / 53.14, 0.34 Skegness est une célèbre station balnéaire du district de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Skegness — Original name in latin Skegness Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 53.14362 latitude 0.3363 altitude 6 Population 17072 Date 2011 03 03 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Skegness — Skeg|ness a town on the east coast of England which is a popular place especially for ↑working class people from central England to go for a day or for their holidays …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Skegness Grammar School — Infobox UK school name = Skegness Grammar School size = latitude = longitude = dms = motto = Murus Aeneus Conscientia Sana motto pl = established = 1933 (at current site) approx = closed = c approx = type = Selective Day and Boarding Grammar… …   Wikipedia

  • Skegness railway station — Infobox UK station name = Skegness code = SKG manager = East Midlands Trains locale = Skegness borough = East Lindsey lowusage0405 = 453,456 lowusage0506 = 415,385 lowusage0607 = 395,516 platforms = 6 start = 1873 Skegness railway station serves… …   Wikipedia

  • Basketball Skegness — Skegness Basketball, formerly known as the Skegness Sealions, are an English basketball team playing in the British Pro Amateur League Upper Division, Lincolnshire Section. The team play at the Skegness Sports Centre, and are coached by local… …   Wikipedia

  • The Skegness Grammar School — Motto Murus Aeneus Conscientia Sana (A sound conscience is a wall of brass) Established 1483; 1933 at current site Type Selective Day and Boarding …   Wikipedia

  • Boston and Skegness (UK Parliament constituency) — UK constituency infobox Name = Boston and Skegness Map1 = BostonSkegness Map2 = Lincolnshire Type = County Year = 1997 Entity = Lincolnshire County = Lincolnshire EP = East Midlands MP = Mark Simmonds Party = ConservativeBoston and Skegness is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Скегнесс — (Skegness)Skegness, курортный город на побережье Северного моря в графстве Ликольншир, вост. Англия, место организации первого в Великобритании дома отдыха фирмы Батлинз в 1936г.; 16100 жителей (1981) …   Страны мира. Словарь