Will Alsop


Will Alsop

Infobox Architect


caption =
name = Will Alsop
nationality = British
birth_date = Birth date and age|1947|12|12|df=y
birth_place = Northampton, Northamptonshire, England, UK
death_date =
death_place =
practice_name = SMC Alsop
significant_buildings = Peckham Library, Peckham, London (2000)
Sharp Centre for Design, Ontario College of Art & Design, Toronto (2004)
Blizard Building, Whitechapel, London (2006)
significant_projects = Yonkers Power Plant project, Yonkers, New York, United States (completion due 2008)
Clarke Quay Redevelopment project, Clarke Quay, Singapore (estimated completion date unknown)
awards = Stirling Prize (2000); RIBA Worldwide Award (2004); Civic Trust Award (2003, 2006); RIBA Regional Award (London) (2006)

Will (William) Alsop (born 12 December 1947) is a British architect based in London. He is responsible for several distinctive and controversial modernist buildings, most in the United Kingdom. Alsop's buildings are usually distinguished by their vibrant use of bright colour and unusual forms. While Alsop has won praise from some critics and fans of "avant-garde" architecture, he has also faced criticism from fellow architects and some segments of the general public.

Biography

Alsop was born on 12 December 1947 in Northampton, Northamptonshire, England. He always wanted to be an architect, even before he really knew what architects did; when he was six years old, he designed a house for his mother to live in – its most striking specification was that it had to be built in New Zealand. When he was 16 his father, an accountant, died, and being bored with school he left to work for an architect, doing his A-levels at evening classes.cite news|last=Barber|first=Lyn|title=Firm foundations: Will Alsop: The interview|url=http://arts.guardian.co.uk/art/architecture/story/0,,2052305,00.html|publisher="The Observer"|date=2007-04-08]

After a foundation course at Northampton Art School, Alsop studied at the Architectural Association School of Architecture where at 23 he entered the competition to design the Centre Georges Pompidou in Paris and came second to the eventual winners, Richard Rogers & Renzo Piano. After graduating he worked briefly for Maxwell Fry and Jane Drew, a couple who had been instrumental in introducing modernism to Britain in the 1930s, then joined Cedric Price for four years.cite web|title=Will Alsop RA|url=http://www.royalacademy.org.uk/academicians/architects/will-alsop-ra,130,AR.html|publisher=Royal Academy of Arts|accessdate=2007-04-29]

After a short period with Roderick Ham, in 1981 Alsop set up a practice, Alsop, Barnett & Lyall, with his classmate John Lyall in Hammersmith. Jan Störmer later joined the practice and a decade later, in 1991, the practice was renamed Alsop & Störmer after Lyall's departure. [cite web|title=Will Alsop|url=http://www.open2.net/modernity/4_11.htm|publisher=Open2.net|accessdate=2007-04-29] Alsop's first real commission was a swimming pool for Sheringham in Norfolk in 1984, followed by a visitor centre for Cardiff Bay. Thereafter he worked on a number of projects in Germany, including the Hamburg Ferry Terminal, before beating Norman Foster in the competition to design the Hôtel du Département des Bouches-du-Rhône (seat of the regional government) in Marseille, France (the building has been nicknamed "Le Grand Bleu" – "The Big Blue" – and "The Whale" by the locals), in 1994. Alsop and Störmer divided into separate practices in 2000, Alsop forming Alsop Architects.

Alsop admits to never being very good at handling finances, and his practice went through several difficult periods, including the cancellation in June 2004 of plans to build a "Fourth Grace" to be built on Liverpool's Pier Head waterfront [Since 2001–2002, three historical buildings at the Pier Head in Liverpool have been known as the "Three Graces": they are the Royal Liver Building (1908–1911) by Walter Aubrey Thomas, the Cunard Building (1914–1916) by Willinck & Thicknesse with Arthur J. Davis, and the Port of Liverpool Building (1903–1907) by Briggs & Wolstenholme with Hobbs & Thornely.] – the so-called "Cloud Building" – officially because of rising costs and unrealistic design. [See cite news|last=Weaver|first=Matt|title=Delays dog Mersey's Grace|url=http://arts.guardian.co.uk/cityofculture2008/story/0,,1090527,00.html|publisher="The Guardian"|date=2003-11-21 cite news|last=Carter|first=Helen|title=Fall from Grace angers architect with waterfront vision|url=http://arts.guardian.co.uk/features/story/0,,1269479,00.html|publisher="The Guardian"|date=2004-07-24] In early 2006, Alsop sold his practice to a design conglomerate called the SMC Group for £1.8 million in order to concentrate on architecture. [cite news|last=Glancey|first=Jonathan|title=Risk-taking architect bailed out after projects founder|url=http://arts.guardian.co.uk/news/story/0,11711,1338702,00.html|publisher="The Guardian"|date=2004-10-29] The practice is now known as SMC Alsop. [cite news|title=SMC acquires Will Alsop and his team|url=http://home.nestor.minsk.by/build/news/2006/03/2406.html|publisher=Construction and Maintenance News|date=March 2006] Alsop currently has practices in Beijing, London, Shanghai, Singapore and Toronto, which he visits regularly.

Alsop was a tutor of sculpture at Central Saint Martins College of Art and Design in London for several years, and has held many other academic posts, among others at the Universities of Vienna, London and Hannover, and actively promotes the artistic contribution to built environments. His paintings and sketches have been exhibited alongside his architectural projects in dedicated exhibitions at Sir John Soane's Museum, Milton Keynes Gallery, Cube Gallery in Manchester, and the British Pavilion at the Venice Biennale, among other venues. [cite web|title=William Alsop|url=http://www.britishcouncil.org/hy/william_alsop.pdf|publisher=British Council|accessdate=2007-04-29]

Alsop has been made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE), and was elected to the Royal Academy on 18 May 2000. On 11 July 2007 he was awarded an honorary Doctorate of Civil Law (DCL) by the University of East Anglia. [cite news|title=Honorary UEA law degrees awarded|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/norfolk/6619391.stm|publisher=BBC News|date=2007-05-03 cite web|title=UEA Congregation 2007|url=http://www1.uea.ac.uk/cm/home/services/units/mac/comm/media/press/2007/june/UEA%2BCongregation%2B2007|publisher=University of East Anglia|date=2007-06-26|accessdate=2008-01-23]

Architectural style

Alsop regards as his architectural heroes Le Corbusier, Sir John Soane, Mies van der Rohe and John Vanbrugh. His "avant-garde", modernist buildings are usually distinguished by their vibrant use of bright colour and unusual forms; they have won praise and criticism in equal measure.

In 2004, Alsop published a book entitled "Supercity" which elicited much debate. It was the subject of a Channel 4 television documentary and an exhibition at the Urbis museum in Manchester. This book described his vision of a "Supercity" – a futurisitic conurbation – stretching along the M62 corridor from Liverpool to Hull. It included a discussion of how the increasing interconnectivity of the cities along this corridor is changing the concepts of a "city", and how they can be developed to merge the idea of the rural and urban. It also included a number of architectural ideas of possible buildings and communities in this city. Although there was some political support for his ideas, with "The Times" claiming that former British Deputy Prime Minister John Prescott was a supporter, [cite news|last=Leake|first=Jonathan|coauthors=Steven Shukor|title=Prescott's northern Supercity could make London shrivel|url=http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2087-1001609,00.html|publisher="The Sunday Times"|date=2004-02-15] the Supercity has its critics. It has been claimed that his book and his visions show signs of parochialism, and a misunderstanding of how people travel and self-identify. He is also accused of taking a highly globalist stance and ignoring the needs of those who cannot afford to travel.Fact|date=April 2007

Alsop's architectural talents may be the subject of controversy but he has managed to build up an international reputation and a certain degree of fame – he has been called "number three in the hierarchy of British architects after Lords Rogers and Foster". Notwithstanding this, like fellow avantgardist Zaha Hadid, he has actualised relatively few buildings from his designs. Alsop has estimated that only about 10% of his designs have been built. However, this does not worry him because he enjoys designing buildings even when he has no particular commission or competition in mind. "It's like tennis – you have to keep doing it all the time, whether you have a client or not. I believe that absolutely. You can speculate in your sketchbook – you're allowed to think about anything, with or without a client."

In April 2007, "The Observer" commented that Alsop's approach to architecture could broadly be defined by his statement: "I like people. I hope it shows."

Major architectural projects

Personal life

Alsop and his wife live between an Edwardian mansion flat in London and a converted stable block in Norfolk. They have three adult children.

Alsop tries to relax as much as possible on weekends and also takes a month off in the summer to go painting in Majorca with his friend Bruce McLean. Alsop enjoys smoking and drinking. He is, according to an April 2007 article in "The Observer", "obviously not a man familiar with gyms".

He has a twin sister who still lives in Northampton.

Notes

References

*cite news|last=Barber|first=Lyn|title=Firm foundations: Will Alsop: The interview|url=http://arts.guardian.co.uk/art/architecture/story/0,,2052305,00.html|publisher="The Observer"|date=2007-04-08
*cite web|title=Will Alsop|url=http://www.open2.net/modernity/4_11.htm|publisher=Open2.net|accessdate=2007-04-29
*cite web|title=Will Alsop RA|url=http://www.royalacademy.org.uk/academicians/architects/will-alsop-ra,130,AR.html|publisher=Royal Academy of Arts|accessdate=2007-04-29
*cite web|title=William Alsop|url=http://www.britishcouncil.org/hy/william_alsop.pdf|publisher=British Council|accessdate=2007-04-29

Further reading

Articles

*cite web|title=Follow the flow about Rotterdam Centraal|url=http://www.classic.archined.nl/news/0104/alsop.html|publisher=ArchiNed|date=2001-04-10|language=Dutch|accessdate=2008-02-14
*cite news|last=Brockes|first=Emma|title=Well built|url=http://arts.guardian.co.uk/features/story/0,,1102133,00.html|publisher="The Guardian"|date=2003-12-08
*cite news|last=Glancey|first=Jonathan|title=The Ali G of urban planning: With his bombastic, cartoon-like designs, media darling wants to make cities playful|url=http://arts.guardian.co.uk/critic/feature/0,,1269469,00.html|publisher="The Guardian"|date=2004-07-24
*citation|last=Orlandoni|first=Alessandra|title=Interview with Will Alsop|periodical=The Plan|volume=007|pages=109–114|year=September 2004|url=http://www.theplan.it
*cite news|title='Super City of North' is unveiled|url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/4187409.stm|publisher=BBC News|date=2005-01-24
*cite news|last=Arendt|first=Paul|title=Prisoners to design own jail|url=http://arts.guardian.co.uk/news/story/0,,1512625,00.html|publisher="The Guardian"|date=2005-06-23
*cite news|title=Buildings that lift the spirit: CNN talks to architectural luminary Will Alsop about modern architecture's expanding horizons|url=http://edition.cnn.com/2005/WORLD/europe/05/12/visionary.alsop/index.html|publisher=CNN|date=2005-07-05
*cite news|last=Mays|first=John Bentley|title=The next step in remaking Queen West: Activists, architects and developers need to start a conversation|url=http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/LAC.20060317.TORMAYS17/TPStory/?query=conversation|publisher="The Globe and Mail"|date=2006-03-17
*cite news|last=Muir|first=Hugh|coauthors=Will Hurst|title=Rebel architect tipped as London design tsar|url=http://society.guardian.co.uk/communities/story/0,,1842185,00.html|publisher="The Guardian"|date=2006-08-11
*citation|last=Orlandoni|first=Alessandra|title=Queen Mary University, Blizard Building, Institute of Cell and Molecular Science, London, UK: Alsop Design|periodical=The Plan|volume=016|pages=66–87|year=October 2006|url=http://www.theplan.it
*cite news|last=Hanman|first=Natalie|title=Portrait of the artist: Will Alsop, architect: 'I've learned never to trust anyone with big feet and a small head'|url=http://arts.guardian.co.uk/features/story/0,,1930000,00.html|publisher="The Guardian"|date=2006-10-24
*cite news|last=Howard|first=Tony|title=Bravo to 'Bravia' bravado|url=http://www.salfordadvertiser.co.uk/news/s/223/223828_bravo_to_bravia_bravado.html|publisher="Salford Advertiser"|date=2007-02-22
*cite news|last=Hughes|first=C.J.|title=Alsop makes U.S. debut in Yonkers|url=http://archrecord.construction.com/news/daily/archives/070403alsop.asp|publisher="Architectural Record"|date=2007-04-03
*cite news|last=Lockhart|title=Bonkers in Yonkers|url=http://www.curbed.com/archives/2007/04/05/bonkers_in_yonkers.php|publisher=Curbed|date=2007-04-05
*cite web|title=Work of Will Alsop: Architect of the imagination|url=http://society.guardian.co.uk/gall/0,9730,1045504,00.html|publisher="The Guardian"|accessdate=2007-04-17

Books

*cite book|last=Alsop|first=Will|title=Architecture Projects Drawings: By the Studio of Will Alsop, Cliff Barnett, John Lyall|location=London|publisher=Architectural Association|year=1984|isbn=0904503518 (pbk.)
*cite book|last=Powell|first=Kenneth|title=Will Alsop: Book 1|location=London|publisher=Laurence King|year=2001|isbn=1856692388
*cite book|last=Powell|first=Kenneth|coauthors=with additional text by Will Alsop|title=Will Alsop: 1990–2000|location=London|publisher=Laurence King|year=2002|isbn=1856692795
*cite book|last=Alsop|first=Will|title=Supercity|location=Manchester|publisher=Urbis|date=2004|isbn=0954780124 (pbk.)

External links

General

* [http://www.alsoparchitects.com Official website of Alsop Architects]
* [http://www.britishcouncil.org/hy/william_alsop.pdf Will Alsop at the British Council website]
* [http://www.open2.net/modernity/4_11.htm Will Alsop at the "From Here to Modernity" website on Open2.net, the online learning portal from the Open University and the BBC]
* [http://www.royalacademy.org.uk/academicians/architects/will-alsop-ra,130,AR.html Will Alsop at the Royal Academy of Arts website]
* [http://www.apalaver.com/detail.php?id=84 Radio interview of William Alsop on 4 April 2005 at the A Palaver website (available as stream)]
* [http://www.gleeds.tv/index.cfm?video=240 Interview with Will Alsop(video)]

Architectural projects

* [http://www.lmearchitecture.com/alsop-house-images.htm The Alsop House, Lower Mill Estate, Somerford Keynes, Gloucestershire]
* [http://www.galinsky.com/buildings/peckham/ The Peckham Library, London, on the Galinsky website]
* [http://www.galinsky.com/buildings/sharpcentre/index.htm The Sharp Centre for Design, Toronto, on the Galinsky website]

Persondata
NAME = Alsop, Will
ALTERNATIVE NAMES = Alsop, William
SHORT DESCRIPTION = British architect
DATE OF BIRTH = 12 December 1947
PLACE OF BIRTH = Northampton, Northamptonshire, East Midlands, England, United Kingdom
DATE OF DEATH =
PLACE OF DEATH =


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