- Rhondda Cynon Taff
Rhondda Cynon Taff, or RCT, ( _cy. Rhondda Cynon Taf) is a county borough in the preserved county of
Mid Glamorgan, Wales.
The county borough borders
Merthyr Tydfiland Caerphilly to the east, Cardiffand the Vale of Glamorganto the south, Bridgend and Neath Port Talbotto the west and Powysto the north. Its main towns are Aberdare, Mountain Ash and Pontypridd. Rhondda Cynon Taff is the second most populous local authority area in Wales.
List of places in Rhondda Cynon Tafffor a list of towns and villages. The most populous town in Rhondda Cynon Taff is Aberdare with a population of 31,619 (1991 Census).
The county borough was formed on
1 April 1996, by the merger of the former Mid Glamorgandistricts of Cynon Valley, Rhondda and Taff-Ely(with the exceptions of Creigiauand Pentyrch, which were added to Cardiff). Its name reflects all these, and the rivers Cynon, Rhondda and Taff.
The district developed from the discovery and mining, primarily for export, of high-quality Welsh
coals, such as steam coal, via Cardiffand Barry docks. The landscape was dominated by coal-waste heaps and deep mine pit-heads. Many of the roads are lined with semi-ribbon development of closely packed Victorian terraces of houses which have given the Rhondda valleys their distinctive appearance. In the 1980s, privatisation of British Coalresulted in the closure of many of the coal mining activities in the valleys, devastating the local economy. In the nineteenth century the Rhondda had over 60 mines.
As deep mines closed, a number of very large open-cast coal mines were created and remain in operation, especially towards the north of the area.
Welsh Development Agency, which was formed in 1976 to help reverse the economic down-turn in Wales caused by the recession in both the coal and steelindustries, was very active in the Rhondda Cynon Taff area in supporting and encouraging industrial and commercial regeneration.Recent investment in the area has included the Dragon International Film Studios, on the site of Llanillyd open-cast mine. This project is headed by Sir Richard Attenboroughand will comprise TV studios, editing suites and a large film studio complex. The location of the project has led it to become known locally as "Valleywood", even though the Welsh valleys are some miles away.
A Rhondda Cynon Taf business club is run by the County Council in conjunction with its patrons. [ [http://www.rctbusinessclub.co.uk/ Business Club website] ]
The coal industry has had major adverse impacts on the quality of the environment, such that most of the rivers were severely polluted to the exclusion of all fish life. Recent decades have shown great improvement with the return of
salmonrecorded in the River Taffand the River Rhonddabut the continued presence of man-made obstacles in the rivers is inhibiting regeneration of their pre-industrial numbers and condition.
The chemical industry has also had adverse effects due to the dumping of toxic waste in the now disused Brofiscin Quarry in the village of Groesfaen. Dumping took place over a 7-year period between 1967 and 1973 by
Monsanto. It is estimated that the cleanup costs could be more than £100 million. A Dr Papageorge, formerly Monsanto's chief scientist, estimates that between 60,000 and 80,000 tonnes of PCB contaminated wastes were dumped there. [cite journal |author=John Hughes; Pat Thomas |title=Burying The Truth |journal=The Ecologist |volume=37|issue=4 |pages=33–63 |year=2007|month=May ]
The area is governed by
Rhondda Cynon Taf County Borough Councilfrom headquarters in Tonypandy.
Secondary Schools in RCT, based on 5 GCSEpasses, A-C Grade, according to the most recent report by Estynas the Office of Her Majesty's Inspectorate for Education and Training in Wales :
*72% Y Pant School,
*71% St John Baptist (Church in Wales) High School,
Ysgol Gyfun Rhydfelen, Pontypridd(Welsh)
Ysgol Gyfun Rhydywaun, Penywaun(Welsh)
Treorchy Comprehensive School, Treorchy(English)
Aberdare Girls School, Aberdare (English)
*50% Cardinal Newman Cath Comp. School, Pontypridd (English)
Ysgol Gyfun Llanhari, Llanharry(Welsh)
*49% Hawthorn High School, Pontypridd (English)
*47% Bryncelynnog Comp. School, Pontypridd (English)
Ysgol Gyfun Y Cymmer, Porth(Welsh)
Aberdare Boys' Comprehensive School, Aberdare (English)
*44% [http://www.pontypriddhighschool.co.uk Pontypridd High School] ,
Blaengwawr Comprehensive School, Aberdare (English)
*41% Ferndale Comm School, Ferndale (English)
*37% Tonypandy Comp School,
*36% Porth County Comm School, Porth (English)
*34% Tonyrefail School,
Mountain Ash Comprehensive School, Mountain Ash(English)
Rhondda Cynon Taf is twinned with:
Nürtingenand Ravensburg, Baden-Württemberg( Germany)flagicon|GER
* [http://www.rhondda-cynon-taf.gov.uk/ Rhondda Cynon Taf Unitary Authority homepage]
* [http://www.rhonddacynontaffonline.co.uk/ Rhondda Cynon Taff Online news portal]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Rhondda Cynon Taff — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Condado de Rhondda Cynon Taff Geografía Area Total % Water En 13 lugar 424 km² ? % Sede administrativa … Wikipedia Español
Rhondda Cynon Taff — County Borough Verwaltungssitz Tonypandy Fläche 424 km² Einwohner (2006) 233.900 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rhondda Cynon Taff — Rhondda Cynon Taf Rhondda Cynon Taf (Rhondda Cynon Taff en Anglais), est un des comtés du pays de Galles, créé en 1996. Le nom est celui des trois rivières: Cynon, Rhondda et Taf. Les villes principales du comté sont: Aberdâr, Aberpennar et… … Wikipédia en Français
Rhondda Cynon Taff — [ rɔndə sɪnən tæf], Verwaltungsdistrikt in Wales, 424 km2, 239 900 Einwohner, Verwaltungssitz ist Clydach Vale … Universal-Lexikon
Rhondda Cynon Taff — ▪ county borough, Wales, United Kingdom county borough in southern Wales. It encompasses the northwest southeast trending upper valleys of the Rivers Ely, Rhondda, Taff, and Cynon and the wooded hills between them. These hills increase in… … Universalium
Rhondda Cynon Taff — Sp Rònda Kãnonas Tãfas Ap Rhondda Cynon Taff angliškai, vališkai L Velso grafystė, D. Britanija … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Rhondda Cynon Taff — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Rhondda Cynon Taff Country and Admin Code GB.WLS.Y9 GB … World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II
Rhondda Cynon Taff — geographical name administrative area of S Wales area 164 square miles (424 square kilometers) … New Collegiate Dictionary
Williamstown, Rhondda Cynon Taff — infobox UK place latitude =51.606989 longitude = 3.441819 population= country = Wales static static image caption= welsh name= constituency welsh assembly= Rhondda map type= official name= Williamstown unitary wales= Rhondda Cynon Taff… … Wikipedia
Ferndale, Rhondda Cynon Taff — infobox UK place country = Wales welsh name= Glynrhedynog constituency welsh assembly= Rhondda map type= official name= Ferndale latitude= 51.657654 longitude= 3.445885 population= 4419 [ [http://neighbourhood.statistics.gov.uk/dissemination/LeadK… … Wikipedia