Appleby-in-Westmorland


Appleby-in-Westmorland

Coordinates: 54°34′37″N 2°29′06″W / 54.577°N 2.485°W / 54.577; -2.485

Appleby-in-Westmorland
Appleby Market Square.jpg
Boroughgate
Appleby-in-Westmorland is located in Cumbria
Appleby-in-Westmorland

 Appleby-in-Westmorland shown within Cumbria
Population 2,862 (2001)
OS grid reference NY6820
Parish Appleby-in-Westmorland
District Eden
Shire county Cumbria
Region North West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town APPLEBY-IN-WESTMORLAND
Postcode district CA16
Dialling code 017683
Police Cumbria
Fire Cumbria
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament Penrith and The Border
List of places: UK • England • Cumbria

Appleby-in-Westmorland is a town and civil parish in Cumbria, in North West England. It is situated within a loop of the River Eden and has a population of approximately 2,500. It is in the historic county of Westmorland, of which it was the county town. The town's name was simply Appleby, until the local government changes of 1974. When a successor parish was formed for the former borough of Appleby, the council effected a change in the town's name, to preserve the historic county's name.

Contents

Economy

Gypsy horses in the River Eden

Appleby's main industry is tourism, due to its history, remote location, scenery and closeness to the Lake District, the North Pennines, Swaledale and Howgill Fells.

Appleby is overlooked by the (privately owned) Appleby Castle, a predominantly Norman structure, which provided the home for Lady Anne Clifford, in the 17th century. The closure of Appleby Castle during the summer months means that this peaceful backwater remains somewhat quiet almost all year round. Its main status — with very little industry in Cumbria — is to sell goods to the farming communities round about. Many residents commute to jobs elsewhere. The bypass around the town does not help, as potential passing trade does not often enter the town. However, the annual Appleby Horse Fair, held regularly in early June, earliest record since the 12th century with a charter made by Henry II (however it is thought to have a longer tradition), brings Gypsies from all over Britain to the town.

Appleby railway station is on the Settle-Carlisle Line. Appleby East station was nearby; it closed in 1962 but retains the potential for connection to the Eden Valley Railway.

Local government

Appleby was a parliamentary borough, electing two Members of Parliament, from medieval times; by the 18th century it had become a pocket borough, the nomination of its MPs effectively being in the gift of the Lowther family. Its representatives included William Pitt the Younger, who was MP for Appleby when he became Prime Minister in 1783 (although he stood down at the following general election when he was instead elected for Cambridge University). A later member for Appleby was Viscount Howick, subsequently (as Earl Grey) the Prime Minister whose administration passed the Great Reform Act of 1832; but Grey's history as a former MP for the town did not save it from losing both its members under the Act. As the only county town to be disfranchised, Appleby was one of the more controversial cases in the debates on the reform bill, the opposition making unsuccessful attempts to amend the bill so as to save at least one of its MPs.

The town remained a municipal borough until this status was abolished under the Local Government Act 1972 and superseded by Eden district, based in Penrith. Although having the status of a municipal borough, it was a lot smaller in size and population than most urban districts in the country. It had, however, a larger population than some early Westmorland urban districts including Grasmere and Shap.

Although Appleby was the county town of Westmorland, the former county council sat in Kendal, even though the Assize Courts were in Appleby.

Appleby dialect

The Appleby dialect is a variant of the Cumbrian dialect spoken around the Penrith and Eden district area.

External links

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Appleby-in-Westmorland — Appleby in Westmorland …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Appleby-in-Westmorland — Original name in latin Appleby in Westmorland Name in other language State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 54.57704 latitude 2.48978 altitude 140 Population 2862 Date 2012 03 29 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Westmorland — ist eine der 39 traditionellen Grafschaften Englands. Hauptorte der Grafschaft sind Ambleside, Appleby in Westmorland (der Verwaltungssitz), Kendal, Kirkby Stephen, Milnthorpe und Windermere. Zu Westmorland gehören große Teile des Lake District… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Appleby — ist der Name mehrerer Personen: Anne Appleby (* 1954), US amerikanische Malerin Dale Appleby (* 1986), walisischer Radrennfahrer Kim Appleby (* 1961), britische Sängerin Melanie Appleby (1966–1990), britische Sängerin Shiri Appleby (* 1978), US… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Appleby railway station — could refer to: *Appleby railway station (Cumbria), either of two stations serving Appleby in Westmorland, Cumbria, England *Appleby railway station (Lincolnshire), Appleby, Lincolnshire, England *Appleby GO Station, Burlington, Ontario, Canada… …   Wikipedia

  • Westmorland — This article is about the English county. For other uses, see Westmoreland (disambiguation). Westmorland Ancient extent of Westmorland Geography Status Administ …   Wikipedia

  • Appleby — NOTOC Appleby may refer to:Towns and cities* Appleby, Lincolnshire, a village in England * Appleby Magna, a village and parish in Leicestershire, England ** Appleby Parva, a village in the parish of Appleby Magna * Appleby in Westmorland, a town… …   Wikipedia

  • Appleby railway station (Cumbria) — Infobox UK station name = Appleby manager = Northern Rail locale = Appleby in Westmorland borough = Eden code = APP lowusage0405 = 62,511 lowusage0506 = 66,449 lowusage0607 = 61,886 platforms = 2 years = 1 May 1876 events = Station opens as… …   Wikipedia

  • Appleby East railway station — Infobox UK disused station name = Appleby East locale = Appleby in Westmorland borough = Eden caption = Appleby East railway station in 1997. line = Eden Valley Railway manager = North Eastern Railway| owner = platforms = 1 years1 = 9 June 1862… …   Wikipedia

  • Appleby Horse Fair — The Appleby Horse Fair is a horse fair which is held annually at Appleby in Westmorland, Cumbria (until 1974 Westmorland) in England. It is held every year in early June and has taken place since the reign of James II, who granted a Royal charter …   Wikipedia


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