- Keswick, Cumbria
infobox UK place
country = England
population = 4,281 (2001 Census)
region= North West England
postcode_district = CA12
Moot hallin central Keswick
Keswick (pronounced "kez-ick" IPA|/ˈkɛzɪk/) is a
market townwithin the district of Allerdale, Cumbria, England. With a population of 4,281, it is situated just north of Derwent Water, and a short distance from Bassenthwaite Lake, both in the Lake District National Park. It lies within the historic county boundaries of Cumberland.
The town is recorded in the 13th century as Cese-wic, indicating that it acted as a market for
During the 16th century, small scale
miningtook place in Keswick, and it was the source of the world's first graphite pencils. [A Brief History of Pencil Making in Cumbria over the Last 400 Years (leaflet from the Cumberland Pencil Museum)] The pencil industry has recently left the town to nearby Workingtonthough the Cumberland Pencil Museum remains with the world's largest pencil at Keswick.
Keswick was granted a charter to be a market town in 1276 by
Edward I of England. The market is held every Saturday in the pedestrianised main street in the middle of the town. The marketplace features the Moot Hallwhich once acted as the town hall but is now a local tourist information office.
January 11, 2005, Keswick was granted Fairtrade Townstatus.
Keswick is on the
A66 roadlinking Workingtonand Penrith, as well as the A591 road, linking it to Windermere, Kendaland to Carlisle(via the A591 road). It has a population of 4,281 according to the 2001 census.
Today, the majority of Keswick's businesses are tourism related, providing accommodation and facilities for the tens of thousands of people visiting the area each year. The Keswick Tourism Association publishes an annual guide to the area, including details of annually inspected and approved visitor accommodation. This information is also available on the KTA website. [http://www.keswick.org]
Many visitors to Keswick come for the town's annual film festival that in 2006 attracted almost 3,000 paying customers.Fact|date=February 2007 Keswick is also host to an annual beer festival which takes place on Keswick Rugby Union Club field and an annual
jazzfestival. A half marathon is held each May - the 13.1 mile course starts in Keswick, loops through Borrowdaleand circles Derwent Waterbefore finishing at Keswick Rugby Club.
Keswick Beer Festival [http://www.keswickbeerfestival.co.uk] is now the largest festival in the
north of England. Held the first weekend in June it is run jointly by Keswick Rugby Club & Keswick Lions. Over 5,000 people attend and can sample 200 real ales plus many ciders, lagers and bottle beers. Live bands play throughout the festival www.keswickbeerfestival.co.uk
In May, 2007 the town hosted the Keswick Mountain Festival. [http://www.keswickplus.co.uk/main.html]
It is administered by Keswick Town Council and
AllerdaleBorough Council. Previous to 1974 the town had been an urban districtin its own right and was entirely surrounded by the Cockermouth Rural District.During the Second world war students from Roedean Schoolwere evacuated to Keswick.
In the Christian sphere Keswick is also the home to
Castlerigg Manor, a leading Roman Catholic residential youth centre. The centre is in the manor house from which much of the local land was owned in the 19th century.
Places of interest
Keswick is the home of the
Theatre by the Lakewhich is the permanent home for repertoire and festivals and carries on the tradition of summer season productions first started by Century Theatrein the Blue Box.
The town is also home to the
Cars of the Stars Motor Museum, a motor vehicle museum featuring celebrity cars from television and film, and Keswick Museum and Art Gallery; a Victorian museum which features the famous Musical Stones of Skiddaw.
Keswick is also home to the famous Cumberland Pencil Museum. This details the manufacturing history of pencils and how pencils have been used through the ages. It even has facilities to allow children to experience pencils. [ [http://www.visitcumbria.com/kes/penmus.htm Cumberland Pencil Museum ] ]
Castlerigg stone circle, a well preserved prehistoric monument, is a short two mile walk away.
The town used to be linked to
Cockermouthand Penrith via the Cockermouth, Keswick and Penrith Railwaywhich closed in 1972.There is a project to reopen the railway [http://www.keswickrailway.com] .
Samuel Taylor Coleridgemoved here with his family in 1800 and visited/collaborated with William Wordsworthin nearby Grasmereby frequently walking back and forth between the towns. Robert Southeyand his wife came to stay with Coleridge at Greta Hallin 1803 and ended up residing there until his death in 1843. Coleridge left Greta Hall in 1804 leaving his family in the care of Southey. Due to their residence in the district, the three poets are collectively known as the 'Lake Poets'.
Keswick was the first place in
Great Britainwhere policeused riot gear. The equipment was on trial in Manchesterwhen there was a disturbance on lake road, in which a police car was turned over. Help was summoned, and the Greater Manchester Policearrived in full riot gear, thus giving Keswick this footnote in policehistory.
journal =Lake District Life
date = May/June 2007
accessdate = ]
The Keswick dialect is a variant of the
Cumbrian dialectspoken around the Keswick and Cockermouth area.
* [http://derwentvalleycc.webeden.co.uk/ Derwent Valley Cycling Club] Based in Cumbria's Lake District and has a small, active and, above all, friendly membership
* [http://www.keswick.org keswick.org] - Keswick Tourism Association's official guide to Keswick and the North Lakes
* [http://www.keswickhotel.com Keswick Hotel] - A selection of hotels available in the heart of Keswick
* [http://www.ukattraction.com/cumbria+lake-district/keswick.html Keswick Tourism] Guide to tourist attractions in and around Keswick
* [http://www.theatrebythelake.com/ Theatre by the Lake - Year-round professional theatre, visiting arts and festivals]
* [http://keswickfilmfestival.org/ The official website of Keswick's annual film festival]
* [http://www.keswickbeerfestival.co.uk/ Keswick Beer festival]
* [http://www.dokeswick.com/ Keswick's tourism and community website]
* [http://www.lake-district-keswick.co.uk/ Guide to Keswick and the Northern Lake District]
* [http://www.keswickmrt.org.uk/ Keswick Mountain Rescue Team]
* [http://www.kddl.co.uk/ Keswick & District Darts League]
* [http://www.keswick.net/ keswick.net]
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