Oakham shown within Rutland
Population 9,975 (2001 Census) OS grid reference Unitary authority Rutland Ceremonial county Rutland Region East Midlands Country England Sovereign state United Kingdom Post town OAKHAM Postcode district LE15 Dialling code 01572 Police Leicestershire Fire Leicestershire Ambulance East Midlands EU Parliament East Midlands UK Parliament Rutland and Melton List of places: UK • England • Rutland
Oakham, which has civil parish status, lies to the west of Rutland Water, one of the largest man-made lakes in Europe. It is in the Vale of Catmose and the town itself is built on an incline, and varies from 99m above sea level (Ladywell area) to 122m above sea level (Brooke School area). It is twinned with Barmstedt, Germany, and Dodgeville, Wisconsin, U.S.A..
Tourist attractions in Oakham include All Saints Church and Oakham Castle. Another popular and historic feature is the open-air market held in the town's market square every Wednesday and Saturday (near the ancient octagonal Buttercross with its pyramidal roof and wooden stocks, a grade I listed building).
All Saints Church
The impressive spire of Oakham parish church, built during the 14th century, dominates distant views of the town for several miles in all directions. Restored in 1857 to 1858 by Sir George Gilbert Scott, the church is a grade I listed building.
Only the great hall of the Norman castle is still standing, and is surrounded by steep earthworks marking the inner bailey. The hall dates from c. 1180—90 and according to Nikolaus Pevsner (in his The Buildings of England: Leicestershire and Rutland):
- "It is the earliest hall of any English castle surviving so completely, and it is doubly interesting in that it belonged not to a castle strictly speaking, but rather to a fortified manor house."
The outer bailey of the castle, still surrounded by low earthworks, lies to the north of the castle. Known as Cutts Close, it is now a park with a bandstand, skateboard area, flowerbeds and children's play area. Some deep hollows in the park are the remnants of the castle's dried-up stew ponds (fishponds).
A Castle class corvette named edit] Oakham's horseshoes
Traditionally, members of royalty and peers of the realm who visited or passed through the town had to pay a forfeit in the form of a horseshoe. This unique custom has been enforced for over 500 years, but nowadays it only happens on special occasions (such as Royal visits), when an outsize ceremonial horseshoe, specially made and decorated, is hung in the great hall of the castle. There are now over 200 of these commemorative shoes on its walls. Not all are dated and some of the earliest (which would doubtless have been ordinary horseshoes given without ceremony by exasperated noblemen) may not have survived. The earliest datable one is an outsize example commemorating a visit by King Edward IV in about 1470. The horseshoes hang upside-down: while this is generally held to be unlucky, in Rutland this was thought to stop the Devil from sitting in the hollow. The upside-down horseshoe motif appears in the county council's arms (see to the right), and on the local Ruddles beer labels. Recent horseshoes commemorate visits by HRH The Princess Royal (1999), HRH The Prince of Wales (2003) and HRH Princess Alexandra, The Hon Lady Ogilvy (2005).
Rutland County Museum
The museum is located in the old Riding School of the Rutland Fencible Cavalry which was built in 1794-95. The museum houses a collection of objects relating to local rural and agricultural life, social history and archaeology.
The Birmingham to Peterborough railway line runs through the town, providing links to Birmingham, Leicester, Peterborough and Cambridge. Oakham railway station is positioned approximately halfway between Peterborough railway station and Leicester railway station, at both of which passengers can board a train to London - either from Leicester to London St Pancras or from Peterborough to London King's Cross. There are also two direct services to London St Pancras (one early morning and one evening), and one evening return service from London St Pancras, each weekday.
There are good road links to:
- Leicester (25 miles),
- Nottingham (29 miles),
- Melton Mowbray (10 miles),
- Uppingham (6 miles),
- Corby (13 miles),
- Stamford (11 miles).
The town is home to Oakham School, one of the major English public schools which was founded, together with Uppingham School, in 1584. The original school building survives, northeast of the church; across its south front is the inscription Schola Latina – Graeca – Hebraica A° 1584 and above its door is a stone with an inscription in Latin, Greek and Hebrew.
Oakham School is also the current owner of Oakham's former workhouse. Built in 1836-7 by Oakham Poor Law Union, it served as a workhouse for 167 inmates, until it became Catmose Vale Hospital. It now accommodates two "day" (non-boarding) School Houses for girls.
The Catmose College, founded in 1920, is a specialist visual arts college. Rutland College, formerly Rutland Sixth Form College, lies on the outskirts of the town.
Sports and recreation
Also Oakham Imps Football clubs trains on the Oakham School astroturf adjacent to the railway and play their matches at the Catmose College football pitches
- ^ Neighbourhood Statistics
- ^ "Market Cross". Images of England. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/details/default.aspx?id=186496. Retrieved 2006-10-01.
- ^ "Oakham "Castle"". Images of England. http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/details/default.aspx?id=186494. Retrieved 2006-10-01.
- ^ a b "Oakham Castle". Rutland On Line. http://www.rutnet.co.uk//pp/Gold/viewGold.asp?id=824. Retrieved 2007-02-20.
- ^ "Castle Class Corvettes". Battleships-Cruisers. http://www.battleships-cruisers.co.uk/castle_class_corvettes.htm. Retrieved 2007-02-20.
- ^ http://www.rutland.gov.uk/museum
- Community website
- Oakham School website
- All Saints Church Oakham website
- Catmose College website
- Oakham Castle website
- Link to Rutland County Council website
- Oakham workhouse
- Oakham Town Council
Unitary authorities Major settlements Rivers Topics
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Look at other dictionaries:
Oakham — ist der Verwaltungssitz und der größte Ort der englischen Unitary Authority Rutland in der Region East Midlands. Im Jahr 2001 zählte die Gemeinde (civil parish) 9.975 Einwohner. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Lage 2 Sehenswürdigkeiten … Deutsch Wikipedia
Oakham — (spr. Ohkäm), Hauptstadt der englischen Grafschaft Rutland, altes Schloß; 2800 Ew … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Oakham — (spr. ōk häm), Hauptstadt der engl. Grafschaft Rutland, im Catmoßtal, mit einer alten anglikanischen und einer kath. Kirche, einem zum Teil verfallenen Schloß (12. Jahrh.), Strumpfwirkerei, Lateinschule, Bibliothek und (1901) 3294 Einw. In der… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Oakham — (spr. ohkämm), Hauptstadt der engl. Grafsch. Rutland, (1901) 10.445 E … Kleines Konversations-Lexikon
oakham — obs. variant of oakum … Useful english dictionary
Oakham — 1 Original name in latin Oakham Name in other language OKH, Okem, okeom, Окем State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 52.66667 latitude 0.73333 altitude 111 Population 10150 Date 2010 10 16 2 Original name in latin Oakham Name in… … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Oakham — geographical name town E central England in E Leicestershire; capital of former county of Rutlandshire population 7996 … New Collegiate Dictionary
OAKHAM — (4), county town of Rutland, 17 m. E. of Leicester, in the centre of a fine wheat country; has an old church, a grammar school founded in 1581, and a castle mostly in ruins; manufactures of boots and hosiery, and carries on malting … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Oakham School — Motto Latin: Et quasi cursores vitai lampada tradunt (And, like runners, they pass on the torch of life) Established 1584 Type Independent school Religion Church of England Headmaster … Wikipedia
Oakham Canal — The canal looking north from Burley Road bridge Original owner Oakham Canal Company Principal engineer … Wikipedia