Torrevieja


Torrevieja

Infobox City Spain
official_name=Torrevieja


image_coat_of_arms= Escut_d'_Torrevieja.png‎image_coat_of_arms_size =75px
native_name=Torrevella
native_language=Valencian
spanish_name=Torrevieja
date-density=2005
community=Valencian Community
community_link=Valencia (autonomous community)
province=Alicante
province_link=Alicante (province)
comarca=Baix Segura
comarca_link=Vega Baja del Segura
time_zone=CET (GMT +1)
time_zone_summer=CEST (GMT +2)
area=71
population=103,158
date-population=2008
area_code=965 or 966
density=703
lat_long=coord|37|58|40|N|0|41|00|W|region:ES_type:city
altitude=7
mayor=Pedro Hernández Mateo
political_party=Partido Popular
political_party_link=People's Party (Spain)
image_coat_of_arms_size=75px
postal_code=03181 to 03187
country=Spain

Torrevieja in Spanish or Torrevella in Valencian is a seaside city and municipality located on the Costa Blanca in the province of Alicante, in south-eastern Spain. Torrevieja lies about 30 miles south of the city of Alicante and has a population of 104,000 (2008). One of the great issues is that many foreign visitors do not register on the official census el padrón and many Spaniards with second homes are obliged to register in the town they are "habitually resident". Torrevieja was originally a salt-mining and fishing village as it is located between the sea and two large salt lakes ("Las Salinas"), which give Torrevieja a healthy micro climate.

History

Until 1802, Torrevieja existed only as an ancient guard tower, which gave the town its name ("Torre" "Vieja" (Spanish) means "Old Tower") and some labourers' cottages.But in 1803, Charles IV authorized the movement of the salt mines from La Mata to the town itself and allowed the construction of dwellings there.In 1829, the town was totally destroyed by an earthquake but the mines were soon reconstructed and re-opened. In 1931, Alfonso XIII gave Torrevieja city status by special grant. During this period, there was also a growing market for flax, hemp and cotton.

In the 19th century, the salt was mainly shipped from the town by Swedish and Dutch ships. At the time, there was only limited demand from other regions of Spain, mainly Galicia and to a lesser extent, Valencia.Although by the dawn of the 20th century, a quarter of all the salt mined in Torrevieja, was sold in Spain itself and the rest exported was to foreign markets. Today, it is still an important industry in Torrevieja and a major employer. You can visit the Museum of Sea and Salt.

Recent

In recent years the local economy has hugely expanded due to the tourist industry. This includes both a strong contingent of British, Germans and Scandinavians, many of whom live there all the year round, and Spanish tourists who have a holiday home in the city. By 2004 Torrevieja had the largest number of British residents of all the Spanish municipalities (approx. 7,180), and that figure has now exceeded 12,000. The city is a conservative stronghold, with the "Partido Popular" maintaining an absolute majority at the Municipal Elections of 27 May 2007.

Over the past 6 seasons FC Torrevieja and its Torry Army have put the city on the football map of Spain with relatively huge crowds and a passion not normally seen outside La Liga.

The world-famous Habaneras festival for choral groups is held every August, when the city population expands roughly tenfold, like many other towns along the Costa Blanca.

Population

The INE (Spanish Census) of 2005 showed that the city had 84,838 residents, and the "ayuntamiento" (district council area) had 95,531 residents. By January 2008 this figure had reached 103,154 of which only 47,870 were Spanish!! 7,000+ of the Spanish residents were originally from Madrid and not for nothing is Torrevieja known as "la playa de Madrid" (The Madrid Beach). The most prominent nationalities in 2005 were:

Demography 12col|510px|1897|1910|1930|1950|1960|1970|1980|1991|1996|2001|2004|2005
7,833|8,961|8,754|8,935|9,234|9,726|12,314|25,014|35,998|50,953|75,530|84,348

Places of interest

*"Iglesia Arciprestal de la Inmaculada Concepción" - Originally erected in 1789 and then reconstructed in 1844, using stones reclaimed from the original "Torre Vieja", (Old Tower).
*"Iglesia de Nuestra Señora del Rosario" (La Mata), constructed in 1896.
*"Paseo de la Dique de Levante"
*"Parque de las Naciones" or "The Park of the Nations"
*"Museo del Mar y de la Sal" (Sea and Salt Museum)
*"Submarine S61 Delfin"
*"Las Salinas" - The salt lakes to the west of the city.
*The Market
*"Centro Habaneras" - A semi-outdoor shopping mall.
*"Paraje Natural Municipal Molino Del Agua" - A natural park.
*"Old Railway Station"
*"Water Fountains"
*"Club Skala"

External links

* [http://www.littleyellowpages.com/ English Expat Phone Book & Online Directory In Spain] en
* [http://www.thisistorrevieja.com/ This is Torrevieja] en
* [http://www.torrevieja.com/eng/ TORREVIEJA.COM Tourism Website of Torrevieja] en
* [http://www.alicante-spain.com/torrevieja.html Torrevieja City Guide with Video] en
* [http://www.torreviejainformation.com/ Information Website For Torrevieja] en
* [http://ayto.torrevieja.infoville.net/ Official Website of Torrevieja] es
* [http://www.spain-travel-guide.net/Torrevieja.htm Torrevieja Travel Guide in english] en
*wikitravel
* [http://www.torrevieja2009.eu Internet Web-Guide of Torrevieja 2009] en
* [http://www.thisisspain.info/torrevieja This is Spain] en
* [http://www.fctorrevieja.eu FC Torrevieja] en


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Torrevieja — Bandera …   Wikipedia Español

  • Torrevieja — es una localidad de la Comunidad Valenciana (España), en la comarca de la Vega Baja del Segura, a orillas del Mediterráneo. Su superficies es de 30 km², con 20 km de costa. Con 84.348 habitantes es la tercera ciudad en población de la provincia… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Torrevieja —   [tɔrrɛ βiɛxa], Hafenstadt und Seebad in der Provinz Alicante, Südostspanien, 50 km südlich von Alicante am Mittelmeer (Costa Blanca), 28 000 Einwohner; Handels , Fischerei und Jachthafen, im Norden der Badetourismuskomplex »El Torrejón«;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Torrevieja — Torrevieja, Villa in der spanischen Provinz Alicante (Valencia), an der Küste u. am Cap Cervera, Rhede; 6650 Ew.; in der Nähe die Salinen der Salzseen von La Mata u. Orihuela, deren Salz hier hauptsächlich exportirt wird …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Torrevieja — (spr. wjēcha), Stadt in der span. Provinz Alicante, Bezirk Orihuela, am Mittelländischen Meer, an der Eisenbahnlinie Albatera Catral T., hat einen Hafen, Seesalzgewinnung, Ausfuhr von Salz (jährlich über 80,000 Ton.), Früchten etc. und (1900)… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Torrevieja — Torreviēja, Hafenstadt in der span. Prov. Alicante, am Mittelländ. Meer, (1900) 7706 E …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Torrevieja — Gemeinde Torrevieja Wappen Karte von Spanien …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Torrevieja — À Torrevieja Drapeau Blason …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Torrevieja — Original name in latin Torrevieja Name in other language Malnovturo, Toreviekha, Torevijekha, Torrev ekha, Torrevella, Torrevella de la Mata, Torrevieja, torebieha, trbykha, tuo lei wei ye ha, twryfayja, Торевиеха, Торевијеха, Торрев єха,… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Torrevieja — Sp Torevjechà Ap Torrevieja L PR Ispanija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė


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