Kaunos (Carian: Kbid;Citation|last=Adiego|first=I.J.|coauthor=Chris Markham, Translator|contribution=Greek and Carian|year=2007|title=A History of Ancient Greek From the Beginning to Late Antiquity|editor-last=Christidis|editor-first=A.F.|editor2-last=Arapopoulou|editor2-first=Maria|editor3-last=Chriti|editor3-first=Maria|page=762|publisher=Cambridge University press|id=ISBN 0521833078. Translator Chris Markham.]
Ancient Greek: Polytonic|Καῦνος; Latin: Caunus) was a city of ancient Caria, Anatolia, a few km west of the modern town of Dalyan, Muğla Province, Turkey. Kaunos was said to have been founded by Kaunos, son of Miletosand Kyane, on the southern coast of Caria, opposite Rhodes. It was in a district later under the jurisdiction of Rhodes known as Peraea, Peræa Rhodiorum (Latin form) "the Rhodian Shore", at the foot of Mount Tarbelos. Its acropoliswas called "Imbros". It exported, chiefly to Rome, highly prized figs. It was the home of the painter Protogenes. It was a member of the Chrysaorian League.
The ruins of the city are near
Dalyan, on the right bank of the ancient Kalbis. Among them are a theatre, a large rectangular building that may have been a temple, others of uncertain description, a Byzantine church, and rock-hewn tombs.
Christianizedearly, and bishops are known beginning from the 4th century. Four bishops are mentioned by Lequien(I, 981): Basil, who attended the Council of Seleuciain 359; Antipater, who attended the Council of Chalcedonin 451; Nicolaus, who subscribed the letter to Emperor Leo in 458; and Stephanus, who attended the Council of Nicaea in 787. The " Synecdemus" of Hierocles and most " Notitiae Episcopatuum", as late as the 12th or 13th century, place it in Lycia, as a suffragan of Myra.
Kaunos remains a
titular seeof the Roman Catholic Church, "Cauniensis"; the seat has been vacant since the death of the last bishop in 1972. [http://www.catholic-hierarchy.org/diocese/d2c85.html]
Protogenes( 4th century BC) Greek painter
* [http://www.thegocek.com Gocek Informations Centre (www.thegocek.com)] [http://www.losttrails.com/pages/Hproject/Caria/Caunus/Caunus.html Herodotus Project: Extensive B+W photo essay of Caunus]
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