Vermicelli (pronEng|ˌvɜrmɪˈtʃɛli in English, Arabic: شعريه, from Italian /IPA|veɾmiˈtʃɛlːi/ lit. “little worms”) is a type of pasta, round in section and somewhat thinner than spaghetti. Vermicelloni ((pronEng|ˌvɜrmɪtʃɛ'ləʊni), “thick vermicelli”) is less commonfact|date=September 2007, and about the same size as fedelini (also hard to find)fact|date=September 2007. Both are thinner than spaghettini (“thin spaghetti”).

History in Italy

In 14th-century Italy, extra-fine spaghetti had varying local names. "Master Barnaba da Reatinis from Reggio Emilia notes that Tuscan "vermicelli" are called "orati" in Bologne, "minutelli" in Venice, "fermentini" in Reggio and "pancardelle" in Mantua." [ [ Professional Pasta website] ]

The first mention of a vermicelli recipe is in the book "De arte Coquinaria per vermicelli e maccaroni siciliani" ("The Art of Cooking Sicilian Macaroni and Vermicelli"), compiled by the famous Maestro Martino da Como, unequalled in his field at the time and perhaps the first "celebrity chef," who was the chef at the Roman palazzo of the papal chamberlain ("camerlengo"), the Patriarch of Aquileia. In Martino's "Libro de arte coquinaria", there are several recipes for vermicelli, which can last two or three years ("doi o tre anni") when dried in the sun.

History in Asia

In South Asia, the vermicelli used is different from what is used in Italy. Here, it is made from semolina, unlike the Italian, which is made from durum wheat. In Asia it is known variously as "shemai" (সেমাই) in Bengali, "seviyan" in Hindi and Urdu, "sev" in Gujarati, "shavige" in Kannada "sevalu" or "semiya" in Telugu and "semiya" in Tamil, all probably modified form of 'mian xian' in Mandarin. The noodles are used in a number of dishes including a variation of kheer, a sweet dessert similar to rice pudding. Vermicelli is used in many parts of India to make a popular dish called upma. To prepare it, one boils the dry oil-roasted vermicelli with a choice of vegetables.

In East Asia, the term rice vermicelli is often used to describe the thin rice noodles (米粉) popular in China, also known as bee hoon in Hokkien, mai fun in Cantonese, kyar-zun in Burmese and "bún" in Vietnamese. The term vermicelli may also refer to vermicelli made from mung bean, which is translucent when cooked, and can be differentiated from rice vermicelli, which turns whitish when cooked. Mung bean vermicelli is commonly used in Chinese cuisine. Conversely, 面线 (Hokkien: mee sua, Cantonese: min seen, Mandarin Chinese: mian xian) is vermicelli that is made of wheat instead of rice. While superficially similar to bee hoon it has a very different texture, and different culinary uses as well.

History in the Americas

The fideo is a type of noodle, popular in Mexican and Latin American cuisine, often referred to in English as "vermicelli." It is commonly used in chicken soup and in "sopa seca", a type of side dish.

In the United States, vermicelli is usually the pasta found in Rice-A-Roni, a pilaf-style rice-and-pasta side dish manufactured by The Quaker Oats Company.

History in the Middle East and Northeast Africa

It is used in one of the most common ways of cooking rice in Egypt. The vermicelli is browned by frying with oil or butter, then rice and water are added. Vermicelli is called "She'reya" (شعريه) in Arabic.

In Somalia, it is used in a sweet dish called "Cadriyad". The vermicelli is browned by frying with butter, then water, sugar and cardamom is added until the vermicelli has softened slightly. It is similar to the Indian kheer. However, no milk or cream is added. It is usually eaten as a dessert or eaten as a side dish with Somali spiced rice dishes.

ee also

*Rice vermicelli
*Chinese vermicelli


External links

* [ Tomato Rava Upma recipe]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vermicelli —   [vɛrmi tʃɛlli; italienisch, von lateinisch vermiculus »Würmchen«] Plural, Fadennudeln. * * * Ver|mi|cel|li [vɛrmi tʃɛli] <Pl.> [ital. vermicelli, eigtl. = kleine Würmer, Vkl. von: verme = Wurm < lat. vermis, ↑vermeil]: Fadennudeln …   Universal-Lexikon

  • vermicelli — kind of pasta, 1660s, lit. little worms, from It. vermicelli, pl. of vermicello, dim. of verme, acc. singular of L. vermis worm (see WORM (Cf. worm)). So called for resemblance …   Etymology dictionary

  • Vermicelli — Ver mi*cel li, n. [It., pl. of vermicello, literally, a little worm, dim. of verme a worm, L. vermis. See {Worm}, and cf. {Vermicule}, {Vermeil}.] The flour of a hard and small grained wheat made into dough, and forced through small cylinders or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Vermicelli — (ital., spr. Wermitschelli), seine Nudeln, Maccaroni …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vermicelli — (spr. wermitschellī), s. Nudeln …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vermicelli — Vermicelli, italienische Nudeln, und zwar eigentlich solche, welche die Gestalt von kleinen Regenwürmern haben, – Fadennudeln …   Damen Conversations Lexikon

  • Vermicelli — (–itschelli), ital. (d.h. Würmchen), seine Nudeln, Maccaroni …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • vermicelli — (izg. vermičȅli) m mn DEFINICIJA reg. tanki rezanci; bigule ETIMOLOGIJA tal. ← vermicello: bigula ≃ lat. vermiculus: crvić …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • vermicelli — ► PLURAL NOUN 1) pasta made in long slender threads. 2) Brit. shreds of chocolate used to decorate cakes. ORIGIN Italian, little worms …   English terms dictionary

  • vermicelli — [vʉr΄mə sel′ē, vʉr΄məchel′ē] n. [It, pl. of vermicello, lit., little worm < L vermiculus, dim. of vermis, a WORM] pasta like spaghetti, but in thinner strings …   English World dictionary

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