Technical University of Munich


Technical University of Munich

Infobox University
name = Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM)
native_name = Technische Universität München
president = Wolfgang A. Herrmann
type = Public
established = 1868
city =
state = Bavaria
country = Germany
staff = 7,356 (395 Professors; 4,160 Academic)
students = 21,608
doctoral = 729
affiliations= German Universities Excellence Initiative
website = [http://www.tum.de www.tum.de]

Technische Universität München (TUM, "technical university of Munich" [Accoring to official policy, in publications of university members the name "Technische Universität München" shall not be translated] ) is a research university with campuses in Munich, Garching, and Weihenstephan.

TUM is among the highest acclaimed universities in Germany, producing several Nobel Laureates including Gerhard Ertl who in 2007 received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.cite news | author= DW New York | title=Germany Chooses Munich, Karlsruhe as Elite Universities | url=http://www.dw-world.de/dw/article/0,2144,2203600,00.html | work=Deutsche Welle | date=13 October 2006 | accessdate=2006-10-14] cite press release | url=http://www.dfg.de/en/news/press_releases/2006/press_release_2006_54.html | title=Decisions on the First Round of the Excellence Initiative Announced | publisher=Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) | date=13 October 2006 | accessdate=2006-10-14]

History

*1868 King Ludwig II founded a 'Polytechnic School' reorganized like a university.
*1877 Awarded the designation 'Technische Hochschule'.
*1901 Granted the right to award doctorates.
*1902 Approval of the election of the Principal by the teaching staff.
*1930 Integration of the College of Agriculture and Brewing in Weihenstephan.
*1949-1954: Reconstruction of the main building of the Technische Universität by Robert Vorhoelzer after WWII. Construction of a new administrational building and library.
*1957 Given the status of a 'public legal body'.
*1958 Research Reactor Munich (FRM), Garching officially assigned to the TH München.
*1967 Establishment of a faculty of medicine
*1970 Renamed 'Technische Universität München'.
*2000 Establishment of Weihenstephan Science Centre for Life & Food Sciences, Land Use and Environment (WZW) belonging to the TUM.
*2002 The German Institute of Science and Technology founded in Singapore.
*2004 Official opening of Forschungsreaktor München II, a leading neutron source, on March 2.

Campuses

The TUM, like many German universities, is a "no campus" university. However, with new expansion planned in Garching, more and more departments will be placed into the new buildings in Garching. The Garching campus, unlike the downtown area, is set up more like a traditional "quadrangle" style campus with a large grouping of buildings. At the moment, university buildings are spread over four main and several minor locations:
* Main campus in downtown Munich
* Garching (Mathematics, Computer Science, Physics, Chemistry, Mechanical Engineering...), complete with an on-campus General Electric Company facility
* Weihenstephan (Center for Life and Food Science)
* Hospital "Klinikum Rechts der Isar" (Medicine), Munich -

Organisation

TUM Extended Board of Management

The Extended Board of Management advises the Executive Board of Management and assists in discharging its duties. Alongside the Chief Executives (President, Chancellor, Vice Presidents), it consists of the Department Deans, the Speaker for the Central Scientific Institutions and the Speaker for the Deans of Studies.

TUM Supervisory Board

The TUM Supervisory Board is the TUM's monitoring body and 'steering' committee comprising the members of the Senate and the External University Council. The External University Council comprises eight high-ranking representatives from the fields of science, culture, industry and politics.Current members include:
*Susanne Klatten, Member of the Supervisory Board, Altana, BMW AG

Advisory Committee

The Advisory Committee, or 'Kuratorium', consists of up to 15 high-ranking persons from industry, culture and politics who support, advise and sponsor the Technische Universität in the public domain.Current members include:
*Manfred Bischoff, Chairman of the Board of Directors, EADS
*Henning Kagemann, CEO, SAP AG
*Christian Ude, Mayor of Munich
*Stefan Vilsmeier, Chairman of the Board, [http://www.brainlab.com/scripts/website_english.asp BrainLab AG]
*Angelika Niebler, Member of the European Parliament
*Hildegund Holzheid, Former President of the Bavarian Constitutional Court
*Edeltraud Böhm-Amtmann, Principal of the Bavarian delegation to the EU

Students

Currently TUM has approx. 21,600 students in undergraduate and graduate programs of which 3,700 are foreign students.

Faculty

TUM has 395 professors, 4,160 academic and 2,801 non-academic staff. cite web | url=http://portal.mytum.de/cop/tum_in_zahlen/tum_in_zahlen_2006 | title=TUM Facts 2006 (TUM Figures) | publisher=Technische Universität München | accessdate=2007-11-18]

The TUM is divided into 12 departments:
* Architecture
* Business Administration
* Chemistry
* Civil Engineering and Surveying
* Electrical and Electronic Engineering
* Informatics (Computer Science)
* Mathematics
* Mechanical Engineering
* Medicine with the university hospital "Rechts der Isar"
* Physics
* Sports Science
* Weihenstephan Center for Life and Food Science

Academic reputation

Subject ranking among top German universities

TUM is highly ranked by DAAD on the subject-specific ranking system, in which, universities are shown in alphabetical order in ranking groups (Top Group, Middle Group, Final Group or Not Ranked). The best universities concerning a certain subfield, are found in Top Group; while the worst ones lie in Final Group. Generally, two to four universities are in Top Group.cite web | url=http://www.daad.de/deutschland/hochschulen/hochschulranking/06543.en.html?module=Hochschule&do=show&id=34 | title=Top German Universities Subject Rankings 2007 | publisher=Deutscher Akademischer Austauschdienst (DAAD) | accessdate=2008-03-01]

;Subject
* Architecture (top)
* Biochemistry (no info)
* Biology (middle)
* Business Administration (top)
* Business Computing (not ranked)
* Chemistry (top)
* Civil Engineering (top)
* Computer Science (top)
* Electrical and Information Engineering (top)
* Food Chemistry (no info)
* Geoscience (top)
* Human Medicine (middle)
* Mathematics (top)
* Mechanical Engineering (top)
* Physics (top)
* Process- and Chemical-Engineering (top)

Research

TUM features a strong, characteristic profile in the fields of Science and Engineering. Alongside the traditional key areas addressed by Technical Universities, powerful links have been also established with the Life Sciences, ranging from Nutrition and Food Sciences, Biotechnology and Bioinformatics to Medicine. Much of its innovative research and teaching has emerged from collaborations between the disciplines.

Major award laureates

Nobel Prize

*1927 Heinrich Otto Wieland, Chemistry
*1929 Thomas Mann, Literature
*1930 Hans Fischer, Chemistry
*1961 Rudolf L. Mößbauer, Physics ("Mößbauer-Effect")
*1964 Feodor Lynen, Medicine or Physiology
*1964 Konrad Emil Bloch, Medicine or Physiology
*1972 John Robert Schrieffer, Physics
*1973 Ernst Otto Fischer, Chemistry ("Sandwich Complexes")
*1985 Klaus von Klitzing, Physics ("Quantum-Hall-Effect")
*1986 Ernst Ruska, Physics ("Electron Microscope")
*1987 Karl Alexander Müller, Physics
*1988 Johann Deisenhofer, Chemistry
*1988 Robert Huber, Chemistry
*1989 Wolfgang Paul, Physics ("ion trap")
*1991 Erwin Neher, Medicine or Physiology
*1991 Richard Robert Ernst, Chemistry
*2001 Karl Barry Sharpless, Chemistry
*2001 Ryoji Noyori, Chemistry
*2001 Wolfgang Ketterle, Physics
*2007 Gerhard Ertl, Chemistry

Pritzker Prize

#1986 Gottfried Böhm - Architecture

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Prize

#2001 Arthur Konnerth - Neurophysiology
#1997 Jean Karen Gregory - Materials Science
#1997 Ernst Mayr - Computer Science
#1995 Gerhard Hirzinger - Computer Science
#1994 Manfred Broy - Computer Science
#1991 Karl-Heinz Hoffmann - Applied Mathematics
#1989 Joachim Milberg - Production Technology, Mechanical Engineering
#1987 Gerhard Abstreiter - Semiconductor Physics
#1987 Wolfgang A. Herrmann - Inorganic Chemistry
#1987 Hubert Schmidbaur - Inorganic Chemistry

Partnerships

TUM's first spin-off is the German Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), in Singapore (together with National University of Singapore and Nanyang Technological University).

TUM has currently over 130 international partnerships, among them :
*École Centrale Paris, TU Eindhoven, Technical University of Denmark, Technical University of Vienna,
* MIT, Stanford University, University of Illinois, Cornell University, University of Texas at Austin IMCC,
*National University of Singapore, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Tsinghua University, University of Tokyo,
*University of Melbourne, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, Sirindhorn International Institute of Technology, ...

TUM is also a partner of LAOTSE, an international network for student and senior lecturers among leading European and Asian universities.

TUM is also a member of the TIME network (Top Industrial Managers for Europe).

References

ee also

*Education in Germany
*List of universities in Germany

External links

* [http://www.tum.de Official site]
* [http://www.med.tu-muenchen.de Klinikum Rechts der Isar]
* [http://www.frm2.tum.de Forschungsneutronenquelle Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM-II)]


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