- Redhill, Surrey
infobox UK place
country = England
population = 25,751 [ [http://www.surreycc.gov.uk/sccwebsite/sccwspublications.nsf/591f7dda55aad72a80256c670041a50d/1c602ea59c869c9180256e600054b26c/$FILE/Town%20populations.pdf Surrey County Council census data] ]
Reigate and Banstead
region= South East England
Ambulance= South East Coast
post_town= REDHILL|postcode_district = RH1
postcode_area= RH |dial_code= 01737
Redhill is a town in the borough of
Reigate and Banstead, Surrey, Englandand is part of the London commuter belt. Redhill and the adjacent town of Reigateform a single urban area.
The town came into being when a road was built in
1818. The settlement was originally known as "Warwick Town" and became known as Redhill when the post officemoved from Red Hill Common in 1856.
A major factor in the development of the town was the coming of the railway.
Redhill railway stationcontinues to be an important junction. Redhill is well-known to be one of the few places in the UK where Fuller's Earthcan be extracted. Alfred Nobeldemonstrated dynamitefor the first time at a Redhill quarry in 1867.
psychiatric hospitalto the south of Redhill, the Royal Earlswood Hospital, was home to two of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother's cousins, Katherine Bowes-Lyonand Nerissa Bowes-Lyonfor forty years, both of whom had learning difficulties. The inmate James Henry Pullen(1835-1916) was an autistic savant. He was a brilliant craftsman and artist. His work was accepted by Queen Victoriaand Prince Albert. Some of Pullen's ship models, designs and art work can be seen on permanent display at the Belfry Shopping Centre, High Street, Redhill. The hospital site has now been converted to luxury apartments.
St John the Evangelist was the first of Redhill's parish churches and the parish originally stretched from Gatton in the north to Sidlow in the south.
Redhill is part of the
Reigate and Bansteadlocal government district.
On the edge of Redhill is Gatton Park, an estate once owned by the Colmans. The estate had a private chapel (now open to the public) and
Japanese gardens that were featured on TV recently. The veteran London to Brighton car rally runs through the town each year.
Over the years the town centre has included many major high street names. It has a market each Thursday and Saturday and sometimes hosts a French market.
The town has a distinctive red-brick theatre-cinema-library complex, called the Warwick Quadrant (housing the Harlequin Theatre and Cinema, library, Sainsbury's and other shops), and an old shopping arcade (that currently houses Road Runners taxi services and among other shops, a small local record store called "Hits" that has been in Redhill since the
1980s). For many years this was simply called "The Arcade"; today its name has changed to "Redhill Indoor Market" although many locals still refer to it by its previous name.
A Sainsbury's store (with underground car park) is situated adjacent to the Harlequin and a parade of modern shops, including MotherCare, Martins Newsagents, Carphone Warehouse & Choice clothing store.
Further along the pedestrianised High Street is the Belfry Shopping Mall which has its own multi-storey car park and over its two floors there are about fifty shops including a
post office, recently relocated to inside WHSmith on the lower floor.
In the latter half of 2005, an area full of empty shops and offices was revamped and now includes many eateries such as
Frankie & Benny's. This was the first in a series of new developments in the town centre, continuing in 2007 with redevelopment of the neighbouring Kingsgate House site into a landmark office building, and the Lidl/Queensway building into a mixed residential and retail development. There are plans for these to be the start of a wider revamp of the town over the course of the next 10 years, which may take in the Warwick Quadrant, Marketfield Way car park, and Cromwell Road areas. [ [http://www.reigate-banstead.gov.uk/public/Business_Planning/Planning/Policies/local_dev_framework/redhillactionplan/ Redhill Area Action Plan] ]
Local secondary schools include
St. Bede's School, which includes a sixth form, and the Warwick School in Noke Drive.
night clubis currently called 'Liquid and Envy' but is also known to locals by its previous names 'The Embassy' or 'Millionaires' (or simply 'Mares') or 'Busbys', all former names before recent renovation in 2003.
Redhill played host to its own music festival in 2007 headlined by
The Ordinary Boys, ' Redfest' will return in July 2008 headlined by The Maccabees[ [http://www.redfest.co.uk Redhill Music Festival] ]
Redhill lies at the junction of the A23 and A25 roads. The junction of the M25 and M23
motorways is near Redhill, but there is no direct access to either motorway from Redhill. The nearest junctions are Reigate Hill (M25), Merstham (M23) and Godstone (M25).
The London to Brighton line is electrified and is operated by trains belonging to the Southern and
First Capital Connectoperating companies as well as (very occasional) CrossCountrydiesel services from Manchester and Birmingham to Gatwick Airport and Brighton. The line splits north of Redhill at Coulsdon and rejoins to the south of Redhill allowing most fast services to bypass Redhill. London-bound trains usually go to either London Victoriaor London Bridge. Coming out of London, trains for Redhill usually go on Horsham, Portsmouth Harbour, Three Bridgesor Gatwick Airport.
First Capital Connect operates the 'Thameslink' service which goes through London, calling at London Blackfriars,
City Thameslink, Farringdonand Kings Cross Thameslink, then continues north to Luton Airportand Bedford. There is a very limited service at Redhill.
The line to the west is electrified as far as
Reigate, with some services from London terminating there. Through trains to Dorking, Guildford and Reading are run by First Great Western and are diesel. Trains to stations to Tonbridge to the east, are run by South Eastern. Most diesel services from the North Downs Line go on to Gatwick Airport.
Numerous bus services are operated to the town, by Arriva, Metrobus and
Southdown PSV. In May 2008, route 100 to Crawley became part of the Fastway bus rapid transport system, following redevelopment of the town bus station.
Air access is available at
Redhill Aerodrome(EGKR) off the A23 1.5Nm south east of Redhill town and at London Gatwick Airportwhich lies about seven miles to the south on the A23. Heathrow airportis less than an hour's drive to the west and both Luton and London City airports are accessible by train.
Famous people linked with Redhill"
Redhill is served by these emergency services;
Surrey Police, through Reigate Police Station.
Surrey Fire & Rescue Service
South East Coast Ambulance Servicewas formed from the merger of Surrey, Sussex, and Kent Ambulance services on 1 July 2006.
*East Surrey Hospital, a major hospital with A & E department approx 1.5 miles south of town centre.
port and recreation
The town is home to Redhill Football Club and Donyngs sports centre which includes an indoor swimming pool.
St. Bede's School, a secondary school and dual Music Collegeand Maths and Computing College
East Surrey Collegeis based in Redhill.
* [http://www.reigate-banstead.gov.uk/public/learning/history/redhill.asp Brief History of Redhill]
* [http://www.livebus.co.uk/divmap.asp?Area=7837&AutoRefresh=True Live bus locations] in Redhill
* [http://www.redhillnow.info Redhill Community Hub] - local information network
* [http://www.redhillfc.co.uk Redhill Football Club Supporters site]
* [http://www.redhillfc-online.co.uk Redhill Football Club - Official Site]
* [http://www.redhill-reigate-history.co.uk/ The History of Redhill and Reigate]
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