- Kolkata Suburban Railway
Infobox Public transit
name = Kolkata Suburban Railway
imagesize = 300px
began_operation = 1854
lines = Circular, Eastern and South Eastern
Howrah Sealdahand Kolkata
track_gauge = 1676 mm (5 ft 6 in) (
Eastern Railway (India)and South Eastern Railway (India)The Kolkata Suburban Railway is the rail system for the suburbs surrounding the city of Kolkata(Calcutta). Railways such as this are important and heavily-used infrastructure in India.The Indian Railways(IR) has several divisions of which the Eastern Railway and the South Eastern Railway are headquartered in Kolkata. There are two major railway stations in Kolkata- Howrah and Sealdah. Another major terminal has been built at Chitpur.This new terminal has been named 'Kolkata'. Recently another terminal at Shalimar near Howrah started operating. Some intercity express trains start from there too.Kolkata and its neighbouring districts have an extensive (but crowded) suburban railway system. Most of the trains are EMUs (Electric Multiple Units). The extensive rail network stretches into the districts of North 24 Parganas, South 24 Parganas, Nadia, Howrah, Hooghly, etc. The Suburban railway system can be categorized as follows:
Zones and corridors
The suburban railway services in Kolkata are operated by Eastern Railway (ER) and South Eastern Railway (SER). The Kolkata Metro Railway operates the underground Metro services in the city as well. There is a separate Circular Railway corridor in the city also operated by ER.
=From Sealdah Station=
This line serves the northern suburbs on the eastern bank of
Hooghly Riverand further east towards the very end of the international border between Indiaand Bangladesh. The destinations facilitated by this line are:
North 24 Parganasdistrict along the banks of the Hooghly like Dum Dum, Barrackpore, Naihati.
* In North 24 Parganas district towards the north east and towards the Bangladesh border like
Bongaon, Basirhat, Hasnabad.
* In Nadia district like Kalyani,
Ranaghat, Shantipur Krishnagarand Gede
This line operates on the southern parts of the city and serves the southern suburbs of Calcutta and the entire
South 24 Parganasdistrict. The areas served are:
* The southern suburbs like like
Ballygunge, Jadavpur, Garia, Budge Budge, Sonarpur.
* In the South 24 Parganas district like Port
Canning, Diamond Harbour, Lakshmikantapur, Namkhana.
ealdah Main Section
Within Greater Kolkata:
Sealdah, Bidhannagar Road, Dum Dum.
At Dum Dum, the line branches into:1. Barasat section2. Dankuni section3. Naihati section
Dum Dum, Dum Dum Cantt., Durganagar, Birati, Bisharpara Kodalia, New Barrackpore, Madhyamgram, Hridaypur, Barasat
However, at Dum Dum Cantt., the Airport line cuts off to serve the following stations:
Dum Dum Cantt., Jessore road, Airport.
Barasat, the line splits into:1. Bongaon line2. Hasnabad line
Barasat, Bamangachi, Duttapukur, Bira, Guma, Ashoknagar Road, Habra, Sanhati, Machlandapur, Gobardanga, Thakurnagar, Chandpara, Bibhuti Bhushan, Bongaon.
Barasat, Kazipara, Karea Kadambagachhi, Bahira Kalibari, Sondalia, Beliaghata Road, Labutala, Bhasila, Harua Road, Kankra Mirzanagar, Malatipur, Ghoraras Ghona, Champapukur, Bhyabla, Basirhat, Matania Anantapur, Madhyampur, Nimdanri, Taki Road, Hasnabad.
Dum Dum. Dum Dum, Baranagar Road, Dakshineswar, Bally Ghat, Bally Halt, Rajchandrapur, Dankuni.
Dum Dum, Belghoria, Agarpara, Sodepur, Khardaha, Titagarh, Barrackpore, Palta, Ichhapur, Shyamnagar, Jagaddal, Kakinara, Naihati
At Naihati, the line splits into:1. Bandel section2. main section
Naihati, Garifa, Hooghly Ghat, Bandel
Naihati, Halishahar, Kanchrapara, Kalyani
At Kalyani, the Kalyani Simanta line branches off forming two line:
1)Kalyani, Kalyani Shilpanchal, Kalyani Ghoshpara, Kalyani Simantaand
Madanpur, Simurali, Palpara, Chakdaha, Payradanga, Ranaghat
At Ranaghat, the following two lines branch off:1. main line2. Gede line
At kalinarayanpur, a station next to ranaghat on the main line, the Shantipur line emerges.
Ranaghat, Kalinarayanpur, Habibpur, Phulia, Bathna Krittibas, Shantipur.
Ranaghat, Kalinarayanpur, Birnagar, Taherpur, Badkulla, Jalalkhali, Krishnanagar City
Ranaghat, Bankimnagar, Panchberia, Aranghata, Bahirgachhi, Bhayna, Bagula, Mayurhaat, Taraknagar, Majhdia, Banpur, Harisnagar, Gede.
ealdah South Section
Within Greater Kolkata:
Sealdah, Park Circus, Ballygunge
At Ballygunge, the line splits up into the 1)South secions, and 2)Budge Budge Section
Budge budge section
Ballygunge, Lake Gardens, Tollygunge, New Alipore, Majherhat, Brace Bridge, Santoshpur, Akra, Nungi, Budge Budge
Ballygunge, Dhakuria, Jadavpur, Bagha Jatin, Garia, Narendrapur, Sonarpur
The Canning branch splits from Sonarpur to Canning line and Baruipur section.
Sonarpur, Bidyadharpur, Kalikapur, Champahati, Piali, Gourdaha, Ghutiari Shariff, Beathberia Ghola, Taldi, Canning
Within Greater Kolkata:
Sonarpur, Subhasgram, Mallikpur, Baruipur
At Baruipur, the line branches into the Diamond Harbour section and the Kakdwip section.
Diamond Harbour line
Within South 24 Parganas:
Baruipur, Kalyanpur, Dakshin Durgapur, Hotar, Dhamuah, Uttar Radhanagar, Magra Hat, Bahirpuya, Sangrampur, Deula, Netra, Basuldanga, Gurudas Nagar, Diamond Harbour.
Within South 24 Parganas:
Baruipur, Sashan Road, Krishna Mohan, Dhapdhapi, Suryapur, Gocharan, Hogla, Dakshin Barasat, Baharu, Jaynagar Majilpur, Mathurapur Road, Madhabpur, Lakshmikantapur, Udairampur, Kulpi, Karanjali, Nischindapur Market, Nischindapur, Kashinagar, Kakdwip. This line has extended to Namkhana.
Kalighat Falta Railway
This line used to connect the stations of
Majherhatand Kalighat(now New Alipore) with the southern port town of Falta. The line was closed down in 1957. If operational, it could have proved to be a boon for the people of the ex-South Suburban Municipal areas. See Kalighat Falta Railwayfor more details.
=From Howrah Station=
South Eastern Railways
Operated by the South Eastern Railway, this section of the line serves the south western suburbs of Greater Kolkata. The destination stations lie :
* In the south western part of Howrah district like Santragachi, Andul, Amta
* In the East Midnapore district like Digha,Tamluk,Haldia.
* In the eastern and southern part of West Midnapore district like Panskura, Kharagpur and Midnapore.Eastern Railways
Operated by the Howrah division of Eastern Railways, this line runs on the western bank of river Hooghly and serves the following areas:
* The northern part of Howrah district - Liluah, Belur, Bally.
* The eastern part of Hooghly district like Rishra, Serampore, Chandannagar, Chuchura, Bandel.
* The central part of Hooghly district like Tarakeswar.
* The central part of Bardhaman district connecting the town of
Bardhaman. From Barddhaman/Bardhaman, another suburban service connects the cities of Durgapurand Asansolfurther to the west.
* The eastern part of Bardhaman district like Katwa.
Howrah to Bardhaman is reached by two corridors popularly known as the Main Line and the Chord Line. The main Line runs through the towns of
Serampore, Chandernagore, Chinsurahand Bandel. The Chord Line runs through the towns of Dankuni, Baruipara, Kamarkundu and Massagram.
Howrah South Eastern Section
Howrah, Tikiapara, Dasnagar, Ramrajatala, Santragachi
Santragachi, the line splits up into three sections :
# Shalimar Section
# Amta Section
# Panskura Section
Santragachi, Padmapukur, Shalimar.
From Shalimar there are also DMU services to Digha.
Santragachi, Bankranayabaz, Baltikuri, Kona, Dansi, Jhalurberi, Makardaha, Domjur Road, Domjur, Dakshinbari, Bargachia, Pantihal, Munsirhat, Mahendralalnagar, Amta
Santragachi, Mourigram, Andul, Sankrail, Abada, Nalpur, Bauria, Chengail, Phuleswar, Uluberia, Birshibpur, Kulgachia, Bagnan, Ghoraghata, Deulti, Kolaghat, Mecheda, Nandai Gajan, Bhogpur, Narain Pakuria Murail, Panskura
Panskura, the line further divides into:
# Midnapore Section
# Haldia Section
Panskura, Khirai, Haur, Radhamohanpur, Duan, Balichak, Shyamchak, Madpur, Jakpur, Kharagpur, Giri Maidan, Gokulpur, Cossye, Midnapur
Panskura, Raghunathbari, Rajgoda, Shahid Matangini, Tamluk, Keshabpur, Satish Samanta, Mahishadal, Barda, Basulya Sutahata, Durgachak, Durgachak Town, Shilpaprabesh, Bandar, Haldia
Howrah Eastern Section
Howrah, Liluah, Belur, Bally
Liluah., the Belur Mathbranch line cuts off to serve the Belur Mathstation.
Bally, the line splits into two sections:
# Barddhaman (via Dankuni) Section
# Seoraphuli Section
Bally, Belanagar, Dankuni, Gobra, Janai Road, Begampur, Baruipara, Mirzapur Bankipur, Balarambati, Kamarkundu, Madhusudhanpur, Chandanpur, Porabazar, Belmuri, Dhaniakhali, Sibaichandi, Hazigarh, Gurap, Jhapandanga, Jaugram, Nabagram, Masagram, Chanchai, Palla Road, Saktigarh, Gangpur, Bardhaman
Bally, Uttarpara, Hind Motor, Konnagar, Rishra, Serampore, Seoraphuli
Seoraphuli, the line branches into:
# Tarakeshwar Section
Seoraphuli, Diara, Nasibpur, Singur, Kamarkundu, Nalikul, Maliya, Haripal, Kaikala, Bahirkhanda, Loknath, Tarakeswar
Seoraphuli, Baidyabati, Bhadreshwar, Mankundu, Chandannagar, Chunchura, Hooghly, Bandel
Bandel, the line splits into:
# Barddhaman Section
# Katwa Section
Bandel, Adi Saptagram, Magra, Talandu, Khanyan, Pundooah, Simlagarh, Bainchigram, Bainchi, Debipur, Bagila, Memari, Nimo, Rasulpur, Palsit, Saktigarh, Gangpur, Bardhaman
Bandel, Bansberia, Tribeni, Kuntighat, Dumurdaha, Khamargachi, Jirat, Balagarh, Somra Bazar, Behula, Guptipara, Ambika Kalna, Baghnapara, Dhatrigram, Samundragarh, Nabadwip Dham, Bishnupriya, Bhandartikuri, Purbasthali, Mertala Phaleya, Lakshmipur, Belerhat, Patuli, Agradwip, Sahebtala, Dainhat, Katwa
=Circular Railway=This line encircles the entire city of
Kolkata. It starts from Dum Dum Junction in the north and passes through Chitpur, Burrabazar, B.B.D.Bag, Prinsep Ghat, Hastings, Kidderpore, Remount Road, Majherhat, Ballygunge, Park Circus, Sir Gurudas Banerjee Halt and finally back to Dum Dum Junction. There is also a plan to build two more stations between Park Circus and Sir Gurudas Banerjee Halt named Tangra and Beliaghata Main Road respectively.
Circular Railway stations
Dum Dum, Patipukur, Kolkata, Tala, Bagbazar, Shovabazar- Ahiritola, Burrabazar, B.B.D. Bag, Eden Gardens, Prinsep Ghat, Kidderpore, Remount Road, Majherhat, New Alipore (Cal), Tollygunge, Lake Gardens, Ballygunge, Park Circus, Sir Gurudas Banerjee Halt, Bidhannagar Road, Dum Dum
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