Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg (given names: "Henri Albert Gabriel Félix Marie Guillaume"; born at Betzdorf Castle in Luxembourg, 16 April 1955) is the head of state of Luxembourg. He is the eldest son of Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium. His maternal grandparents were King Leopold III of Belgium and Astrid of Sweden.

Childhood and education

Grand Duke Henri has four siblings: Archduchess Marie Astrid of Austria (b. 1954), Prince Jean of Luxembourg (b. 1957), Princess Margaretha of Liechtenstein (b. 1957) and Prince Guillaume of Luxembourg (b. 1963).

Henri was educated in Luxembourg and in France, where he obtained his baccalaureate in 1974. He then studied political sciences at University of Geneva, graduating in 1980. The Grand Duke also undertook military officer training at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst, England.

Marriage and family

While studying in Geneva, Henri met María Teresa Mestre y Batista, who was also a political sciences student. They married in Luxembourg on 14 February 1981.

The couple have five children:
# Prince Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (b. 11 November 1981)
# Prince Félix of Luxembourg (b. 3 June 1984)
# Prince Louis of Luxembourg (b. 3 August 1986)
# Princess Alexandra of Luxembourg (b. 16 February 1991)
# Prince Sébastien of Luxembourg (b. 16 April 1992)

and two grandsons :

*Gabriel (b. 12 March 2006) and Noah de Nassau (b. 21 September 2007), the sons of Prince Louis and his wife Tessy de Nassau.

Constitutional position

Infobox Monarch styles
royal name = Grand Duke Henri I of Luxembourg

dipstyle = His Royal Highness
offstyle = Your Royal Highness
altstyle = Sir|
Prince Henri became heir apparent to the Luxembourg throne on the abdication of his paternal grandmother, Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg, on 12 November 1964. From 1980 to 1998, he was a member of the Council of State.

On 4 March 1998, Prince Henri was appointed as Lieutenant Representative by his father, Grand Duke Jean, meaning that he assumed most of his father's constitutional powers. On 7 October 2000, immediately following the abdication of his father, Henri acceded as Grand Duke of Luxembourg and took the constitutional oath before the Chamber of Deputies later that day.

Henri's full name, style and title is: "His Royal Highness Henri, by the Grace of God, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau, Count Palatine of the Rhine, Count of Sayn, Königstein, Katzenelnbogen and Diez, Burgrave of Hammerstein, Lord of Mahlberg, Wiesbaden, Idstein, Merenberg, Limburg and Eppstein".

However, on ascending the throne, Grand Duke Henri relinquished the styling "by the Grace of God", and in the laws, decrees, and official documents his name and title is: "Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Duke of Nassau".

Role and interests

As the head of a constitutional monarchy, Grand Duke Henri's duties are primarily representative. However, he retains the constitutional power to appoint the Prime Minister and Government, to dissolve the Chamber of Deputies, to promulgate laws and to accredit ambassadors.

Grand Duke Henri is Commander-in-Chief of the Luxembourg Army, in which he holds the rank of General. He is also an Honorary Major in the British Parachute Regiment.

One of the Grand Duke's main functions is to represent Luxembourg in the field of foreign affairs. In May 2001, Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa undertook their first foreign state visit to Spain, at the invitation of King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia.

Grand Duke Henri is a member of the International Olympic Committee, a member of The Mentor Foundation (established by the World Health Organisation) and a Director of the Charles Darwin Trust for the Galapagos Islands.

The Grand Duke lives with his family at Berg Castle in Luxembourg. He also has a holiday home at Cabasson in the south of France.

Media and publicity

Since the accession of Henri to the Grand Ducal Throne in 2000, the Court's approach to media and publicity has varied markedly. In 2002 Grand Duke Henri expressly identified himself with a press conference called by Grand Duchess María Teresa with a view to discussing with journalists the shortcomings of her personal relations with her mother-in-law, the former Grand Duchess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium.

In contrast, when the Grand Ducal couple's first grandchild was born in 2006, the Court circular pointedly omitted to mention the event.

The Grand Ducal family's approach to media and publicity issues has itself given rise to media comment regarding the quality of communications advice which has been sought and followed.


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1= 1. Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
2= 2. Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
3= 3. Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium
4= 4. Felix of Bourbon-Parma
5= 5. Charlotte, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
6= 6. Leopold III of Belgium
7= 7. Astrid of Sweden
8= 8. Robert I, Duke of Parma
9= 9. Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal
10= 10. William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
11= 11. Infanta Marie Anne of Portugal
12= 12. Albert I of Belgium
13= 13. Elisabeth of Bavaria
14= 14. Prince Carl, Duke of Västergötland
15= 15. Princess Ingeborg of Denmark
16= 16. Charles III, Duke of Parma
17= 17. Louise Marie Thérèse of France
18= 18. Miguel of Portugal
19= 19. Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
20= 20. Adolphe, Grand Duke of Luxembourg
21= 21. Adelheid-Marie of Anhalt-Dessau
22= 22. Miguel of Portugal (= 18)
23= 23. Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg (= 19)
24= 24. Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders
25= 25. Princess Marie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
26= 26. Duke Karl-Theodor in Bavaria
27= 27. Maria Josepha of Portugal
28= 28. Oscar II of Sweden
29= 29. Sofia of Nassau
30= 30. Frederick VIII of Denmark
31= 31. Lovisa of Sweden

Patrilineal descent

Henri's patriline is the line from which he is descended father to son.

Patrilineal descent is the principle behind membership in royal houses, as it can be traced back through the generations - which means that if Duke Henri were to choose an historically accurate house name it would be Robert (or possibly Merovingian), as all his male-line ancestors have been of that house.

#Merovech, 415 - 458
#Childeric I, 437 - 481
#Clovis I, 466 - 511
#(Possibly) Chlothar I, 497 - 561
#Charibert of Neustria, 555 - 636
#Chrodobertus I of Neustria, 580 - 630
#Lambert I of Neustria, 605 - 650
#Chrodobertus II of Neustria, 633 - 678
#Lambert II, Count of Neustria, 678 - 741
#Robert I of Worms, d. 764
#Thuringbert of Worms
#Robert II of Worms, 770 - 807
#Robert III of Worms, 808 - 834
#Robert the Strong, 820 - 866
#Robert I of France, 866 - 923
#Hugh the Great, 895 - 956
#Hugh Capet, 941 - 996
#Robert II of France, 972 - 1031
#Henry I of France, 1008 - 1060
#Philip I of France, 1053 - 1108
#Louis VI of France, 1081 - 1137
#Louis VII of France, 1120 - 1180
#Philip II of France, 1165 - 1223
#Louis VIII of France, 1187 - 1226
#Louis IX of France, 1215 - 1270
#Robert, Count of Clermont, 1256 - 1317
#Louis I, Duke of Bourbon, 1279 - 1342
#James I, Count of La Marche, 1319 - 1362
#John I, Count of La Marche, 1344 - 1393
#Louis, Count of Vendôme, 1376 - 1446
#Jean VIII, Count of Vendôme, 1428 - 1478
#François, Count of Vendôme, 1470 - 1495
#Charles de Bourbon, Duke of Vendôme, 1489 - 1537
#Antoine of Navarre, 1518 - 1562
#Henry IV of France, 1553 - 1610
#Louis XIII of France, 1601 - 1643
#Louis XIV of France, 1638 - 1715
#Louis, Dauphin of France (1661-1711), 1661 - 1711
#Philip V of Spain, 1683 - 1746
#Philip, Duke of Parma, 1720 - 1765
#Ferdinand, Duke of Parma, 1751 - 1802
#Louis of Etruria, 1773 - 1803
#Charles II, Duke of Parma, 1799 - 1883
#Charles III, Duke of Parma, 1823 - 1854
#Robert I, Duke of Parma, 1848 - 1907
#Felix of Bourbon-Parma, 1893 - 1970
#Jean, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, 1921 -
#Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, 1955 -

The descent before Robert of Worms is taken from [http://fabpedigree.com/s024/f560650.htm] and may be partially fabricated. If not, then Henri's patriline would be the longest of any currently ruling European ruler.

ee also

*Grand Ducal Family of Luxembourg

External links

* [http://www.geocities.com/luxroyalty/henri1.html Geocities site on Henri of Luxembourg]
* [http://www.mentorfoundation.org/ The Mentor Foundation charity website]
* [http://www.monarchie.lu/fr/index.html The Official Site of the Ducal Family]

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