Skira


Skira

:"For the coastal town in central-eastern Tunisia, see Skhira."

The festival of the Skira or Skirophoria in the calendar of ancient Athens, closely associated with the Thesmophoria, marked the dissolution of the old year in May/June. [The festival is analysed by Walter Burkert, in "Homo Necans" (1972, tr. 1983:143-49), with bibliography p 143, note 33.] At Athens, the last month of the year was "Skirophorion", after the festival. Its most prominent feature was the procession that led out of Athens to a place called Skiron near Eleusis, in which the priestess of Athena and the priest of Poseidon took part, under a ceremonial canopy called the "skiron", which was held up by the "Eteoboutadai". [L. Deubner, "Attische Feste" (Berlin 1932:49-50); their accompanier in late descriptions, the priest of Helios, Walter Burkert regards as a Hellenistic innovation rather than an archaic survival (Burkert 1983:)] Their joint temple on the Acropolis was the Erechtheum, where Poseidon embodied as Erechtheus remained a numinous presence. [See Poseidon#The foundation of Athens; the connection was an early one: in the "Odyssey" (vii.81), Athena was said to have "entered the house of Erechtheus" (noted by Burkert 1983:144).]

At Skiron there was a sanctuary dedicated to Demeter/Kore and one to Athena.

As a festival of dissolution, the Skira was a festival proverbial for license, in which men played dice games, but a time also of daytime fasting, and of the inversion of the social order, for the bonds of marriage were suspended, as women banded together and left the quarters where they were ordinarily confined, to eat garlic together "according to ancestral custom", ["Inscriptiones Graeca", noted by Burkert 1983: 145, note 41; see also Jane Ellen Harrison, "Prolegomena to the Study of Greek Religion" (1903, 3rd ed. 1922:134f).] and to sacrifice and feast together, at the expense of the men. The Skira is the setting for Aristophanes' comedy "Lysistrata" (411 BCE), in which the women seize the opportunity afforded by the festival, to hatch their plot to overthrow male domination.

Notes


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Skira — Repères historiques Création 1928 Fondateur(s) Albert Skira …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Skira — ist: Skira (Fest), ein Fest im antiken Athen Skira ist der Nachname folgender Personen: Albert Skira (1904 1973), schweizer französischer Verleger Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • skira — 1 skira (plg. la. šķira) sf. rūšis: Yra dar vienos skiros apžadai, vadinami didiejai ir mažiejai Jzm …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • skira — 2 skirà adv. skyrium, atskirai: Jie skirà ejo Bru …   Dictionary of the Lithuanian Language

  • skíra — e ž (ȋ) redko skiro: skira in kolo …   Slovar slovenskega knjižnega jezika

  • skira — v ( de, t) smälta, skirat smör , rena genom smältning …   Clue 9 Svensk Ordbok

  • Skira u. Skiradion — Skira u. Skiradion, s.u. Skiron …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Albert Skira — (* 10. August 1904 in Genf; † 14. September 1973 in Dully) war ein schweizerisch französischer Verleger. Skira publizierte zahlreiche aufwendig gestaltete Kunstbände und Künstlerbücher. Er gründete und verlegte von 1933 bis 1939 die kunstgrafisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Albert Skira — Albert Skira, né le 10 août 1904 à Genève et mort le 14 septembre 1973 à Dully, est un éditeur d art suisse. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Références 3 Lien interne …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Albert Skira — (1904 1973) was a French publisher.In 1933, he contacted André Breton about a new journal, which he planned to be the most luxurious art and literary review the Surrealists had seen, featuring a slick format with many color illustrations. Skira s …   Wikipedia