- Stephen McNallen
Stephen A. McNallen (born
October 15, 1948) is an influential Germanic Neopagan leader and writer. Born in Breckenridge, Texas, McNallen has been heavily involved in Ásatrúsince the 1970s.Heathenism portal
Midwestern Universityin Wichita Falls, Texas. After receiving a degree in political scienceand his officer commission as a Second Lieutenantin the United States Army, McNallen went on to become an Airborne Ranger. McNallen was stationed in Germanyfor the latter part of his enlistment, which ended in 1976. After his discharge from the Army, McNallen hitch-hiked across the Sahara Desert, and worked as an adventure journalist. In this capacity, he travelled to Northern Indiaand Burmato report on the military conflicts in the region, and later travelled to Africaand Bosnia to report on the wars in those regions in the 1990s. McNallen's articles have appeared in Soldier of Fortune magazine, amongst others. McNallen worked for six years as a junior high school teacherin Nevada County, teaching science and math as well as having worked briefly as a corrections officer in Stephens County, Texas in 1986-1987. From 1987-1996, McNallen was in the California Army National Guard. He currently resides in Nevada City, California.
McNallen was one of the earliest advocates of reconstructing Germanic Paganism in modern times. Much like
Sveinbjörn Beinteinssonfounder of the Íslenska Ásatrúarfélagið, Else Christensenof the "Odinist Fellowship" and "Stubba" of the Odinic Rite, McNallen founded a proto-Asatru group called the "Viking Brotherhood" in 1972 and began publishing a small periodical called "the Runestone". The "Viking Brotherhood" later evolved into the "Asatru Free Assembly".
After some years of inactivity and restructuring, McNallen currently leads the
Asatru Folk Assemblyor "AFA". He has recently contributed an article entitled "Three Decades of the Ásatrú Revival in America" to Tyr, a periodical espousing Radical Traditionalism.
The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) is a Federal law passed in 1990. It includes provisions that delineate the legal processes by which museums and Federal agencies are required to return certain Native American cultural items -- human remains, gravesite materials, and other objects of cultural patrimony - to proven lineal descendants, culturally related Native American tribes, and Native Hawaiian groups. Specifically, these types of items which are found and scientifically dated to a time prior to 1492 C.E. are to be turned over to native American tribes. This would include any future discovery of
Vikingburials, such as those those from Leif Ericson's lost colony (which is thought to be similar to L'Anse aux Meadows).
October 24, 1996McNallen and the AFA filed suit in U.S. District Court in Portland "(Asatru Folk Assembly v. United States)" to attempt to stop the US Army Corps of Engineers from turning over the prehistoricremains of the Kennewick manto local native Americans. Several prominent scientists and archaeologists also filed suit, to block the reinterment of the remains. Kennewick Man was the oldest intact human fossil ever found in the Pacific Northwest. Genetic tests to identify ties to modern people or tribes were inconclusive due to the deteriorated condition of the remains. McNallen became embroiled in the Kennewick Man issue and appeared in Time Magazine, the The Washington Postand on television, arguing that modern adherents of Ásatrú have more in common with the prehistoric Kennewick Man than modern native Americans. This claim, as yet, cannot be established without DNA tests on the remains.
After a protracted legal battle, the court ruled that the human remains were not "Native American" within the meaning of NAGPRA. The remains currently are curated at the Burke Museum in Seattle. As a direct result of his portrayal by the media, McNallen later stated that he no longer advocates public Ásatrú rituals or media presence at Ásatrú ceremonies.fn|1
*fnb|1Buckley (2004) p.217
Asatru Folk Assembly
*cite book | first =Joshua | last =Buckley| authorlink = | coauthors = | year =2004 | month = | title = Tyr: Myth-Culture-Tradition Volume II | chapter =Three Decades of the Ásatrú Revival in America by Stephen A. McNallen | editor = | others = | edition = | pages = pp.203-219 | publisher =Ultra Publishing | location = | id =ISBN 0-9720292-1-4 | url =
*cite book | first =Matthias | last =Gardell | authorlink = | coauthors = | year =2003 | month = | title =Gods of the Blood: The Pagan Revival and White Separatism | chapter = | editor = | others = | edition = | pages =269-283 | publisher =Duke University Press | location = | id =ISBN 0-8223-3071-7 | url =
* [http://www.runestone.org/ Asatru Folk Assembly]
* [http://www.runestone.com.ar/ Asatru Folk Assembly - in Spanish / Sitio Oficial en Español]
* [http://asatruupdate.blogspot.com/ Asatru Update]
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