- Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria
Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria (
November 13, 1801– December 14, 1873) was a Princess of Bavaria and later Queen consortof Prussia.
Elisabeth was born in
Munich, the daughter of King Maximilian I of Bavariaand his Queen Friederike Karoline Wilhelmine Margravine of Baden. She was the identical twin sister of Queen Amalie of Saxony, consort of King John I of Saxony, and sister of Archduchess Sophie of Austria, mother of Emperor Franz Josef I of Austria and Emperor Maximilian I of Mexico; as well as Ludovika, Duchess in Bavaria, mother of Franz Josef's consort, Empress Elisabeth of Austria ("Sisi"). She was known within her family as Elise.
November 29, 1823, she married the future King Frederick William IV of Prussiaand supported his intellectual interests, namely his attempts at artwork, which he held dear to his heart. In 1830, Elisabeth converted to Protestantism.
Becoming Queen consort of Prussia in 1840, she was never without influence in Prussian politics, where she was active in preserving the close friendship between Prussia and the
To Frederick William IV, she was an exemplary wife and, during his long illness, a dedicated nurse. After his death on
January 2, 1861, Elisabeth lived quietly at her seats at Sanssouci, Charlottenburg, and Stolzenfelsand dedicated herself to charity work in memory of her late husband . Her brother-in-law, Emperor Wilhelm I of Germany, held her in high regard as a true friend.
During a visit to her sister, Queen Amalie of Saxony, Elisabeth died in 1873 in
Dresden. She was buried next to her husband on December 21at the Friedenskirche in Potsdam.
*The information in this article is based on that in its German equivalent.
* Moritz Freiherr von Bissing: "Elisabeth Königin von Preußen", Berlin 1974.
* Ludovika Hesekiel: "Elisabeth Luise, Königin von Preußen" (Berlin 1881).
* Dorothea Minkels: "Porträts der preußischen Königin Elisabeth in der Sammlung des Stadtmuseums Berlin." in: Jahrbuch 2004/5 Stadtmuseum Berlin, pg. 278-304.
* Alfred v. Reumont: "Elisabeth, Königin von Preußen" (Berlin 1874)Dorothea Minkels: Elisabeth von Preußen. Königin in der Zeit des AusMÄRZens. Norderstedt 2008.
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1= 1. Elisabeth Ludovika of Bavaria
Maximilian I Joseph of Bavaria
Caroline of Baden
Count Palatine Frederick Michael of Zweibrücken
Countess Palatine Maria Franziska of Sulzbach
Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken
9= 9. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken
10= 10. Joseph Karl Emanuel August, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
Countess Palatine Elizabeth Augusta Sophie of Neuburg
Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
13= 13. Landgravine Karoline Luise of Hesse-Darmstadt
Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken
16= 16. Christian II, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld
17= 17. Countess Katharina Agathe of Rappoltstein
18= 18. Ludwig Kraft, Count of Nassau-Saarbrücken
19= 19. Countess Philippine Henriette of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
20= 20. Theodore, Count Palatine of Sulzbach
21= 21. Marie Eleonore of Hessen-Rheinfels
Charles III Philip, Elector Palatine
Ludwika Karolina Radziwiłł
24= 24. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach
25= 25. Princess Amelia of Nassau-Dietz
Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
27= 27. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg and Müntzenberg
Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt(= 26)
29= 29. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg and Müntzenberg (= 27)
Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken(= 8)
31= 31. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken (= 9)
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