- List of Sonoran Desert birds (Arizona)
birdspecies are "endemic" to the Sonoran Desert, and related areas. They are retrieved from the List of Arizona-SW birds (Yuma County, Arizona), though not exclusively.
The listed birds are based on the "southern" section of the Lower
Colorado RiverValley-LCRV, from Yuma County and La Paz County, to the Bill Williams River, (and by extension to Needles, California/Topock, Arizona). The Colorado River borders the "higher elevation" Mojave Desertto the northwest(Needles and Las Vegas), the Colorado Desert–(extension of Sonoran Desert) on the southwest and west, and the deserts of the Sonoran Desertto the east, the Yuma Desert, Lechuguilla Desert, and the Tule Desert (Arizona).
Bolded species are exclusive to the hottest deserts (SW Arizona, Baja, California, N Mexico, and the
Carrizo Plain, (Le Conte's Thrasher).
Gambel's Quail, "Callipepla gambelii"
Black Rail, "Laterallus jamaicensis"
** SW Ariz Sonoran desert, but also other locales.
Greater Roadrunner, "Geococcyx californianus", (Extensive range beyond the Sonoran Desert)
Gila Woodpecker, "Melanerpes uropygialis"
Gilded Flicker, "Colaptes chrysoides"
Vermilion Flycatcher, "Pyrocephalus rubinus"
Brown-crested Flycatcher, "Myiarchus tyrannulus"
Black-tailed Gnatcatcher, "Polioptila melanura"
** Also ranges E and S into the
Chihuahuan Desert, Texas and Mexico.
Crissal Thrasher, "Toxostoma crissale", ranges S into Central Mexico
Le Conte's Thrasher, "Toxostoma lecontei", Sonoran, and ranges into S Nevada–(locally: the Carrizo Plain, N of Los Angeles)
Phainopepla, "Phainopepla nitens"
** Also ranges into California's
San Joaquin Valley.
Lucy's Warbler, "Vermivora luciae"
** Exclusive in Sonoran Desert, Summer Range, (includes the
Colorado RiverValley, the Grand Canyon, and S Nevada).
Abert's Towhee, "Pipilo aberti", "(– Sonoran Desert–)"
Black-throated Sparrow, "Amphispiza bilineata"
**Permanent breeding range, (but ranges E to Texas, and also Summer ranges to very S Oregon, very S Idaho).
Yellow-headed Blackbird, "Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus"
** Permanent in S "Lower
The southeast Arizona region is defined by: 1–the mountains of eastern Arizona, extending into western and southwestern New Mexico; 2–the
sky islands defined by the NW–to–SE trending mountain ranges(formerly of the Basin and Rangegeology), also called regionally the Madrean sky islands; and 3–the northernmost extension of the western spine mountain range of Mexico, the Sierra Madre Occidental(West). The result is a biome region particular to its: geographic locale, elevation, and proximity to flyways, namely for the mountains(of Mexico, the United States, and to Canada), and for the proximity to the Gulf of California, Gulf of Mexico, and the Pacific Ocean.
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