German Communist Party


German Communist Party
German Communist Party
Deutsche Kommunistische Partei
Leader Bettina Jürgensen
Founded 1968
Headquarters Hoffnungstraße 18, 45127 Essen
Newspaper unsere Zeit
Youth wing Socialist German Workers Youth
Ideology Communism,
Marxism-Leninism
Political position Far-left
International affiliation None
European affiliation Party of the European Left (Observer),
European Anticapitalist Left
European Parliament Group None
Official colours Red
Website
http://www.dkp.de/
Politics of Germany
Political parties
Elections

The German Communist Party (German: Deutsche Kommunistische Partei, DKP) is a Marxist-Leninist party in Germany.[1]

Contents

History

The DKP was formed in West Germany in 1968, in order to fill the place of the Communist Party of Germany (KPD), which had been banned by the Federal Constitutional Court in 1956. At the end of the 1960s, the West German authorities were liberalizing the attitude towards the communist bloc and East Germany in particular.

The foundation of the DKP followed talks between two functionaries of the banned KPD with Gustav Heinemann, the West German minister of justice, who rejected the possibility of lifting the KPD's ban, but suggested that a new party be formed to enable communists to operate legally.[2] At the time, the Eastern Bloc considered Germany to be divided into three separate entities: the two Germanies and West Berlin. Now each would have a separate communist party: the Socialist Unity Party of Germany in East Germany, the Socialist Unity Party of West Berlin in West Berlin and the DKP in West Germany.[citation needed]

The DKP remained on the political fringe, never winning more than 0.3% of the total votes in federal elections.[3] It had relatively greater localized support in the 1970s; it managed to get up to 2.2% in elections in the city state of Hamburg, up to 3.1% in elections in the city state in Bremen, and up to 2.7% in elections in Saarland.

During the Cold War, the DKP received most of its funds through covert transfers from the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED), the East German ruling party.[1] Following German reunification, the DKP entered a steady decline.[1] As of 2008, its membership has dropped to some 4,000, less than a tenth of its pre-Unification strength.

Many members of the DKP left the party after the re-unification of Germany and joined the newly formed Party of Democratic Socialism (PDS), a descendant of the SED. For the 2005 federal elections, the DKP endorsed the ticket of the Left Party, successor to the PDS.

The DKP received national public attention in early 2008 when Christel Wegner, elected to the parliament of Lower Saxony on the list of the Left Party as the first DKP member of a state (Land) parliament, appeared to endorse the Berlin Wall, the Stasi and other aspects of the East German state in an interview. This caused embarrassment to the national Left Party leadership.[1] Wegner was subsequently expelled from the party's parliamentary group and denied having made the controversial endorsements a few days later.[4]

Media

The party operates a weekly newspaper, unsere Zeit.

Election results

In the Baden-Württemberg state election, 2011 the DKP won 104 votes.[5]

See also

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c d Björn Hengst, Philipp Wittrock (19 February 2008). "Linke zeigt Kommunisten die Rote Karte" (in German). Spiegel Online. http://www.spiegel.de/politik/deutschland/0,1518,536373-2,00.html. 
  2. ^ Helmut Bilstein u. a., Organisierter Kommunismus in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, Opladen 1977, S. 16.
  3. ^ Deutsche Welle - Wahl 2005
  4. ^ Aktuell
  5. ^ http://www.statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de/Wahlen/Landtagswahl_2011/Kreise.csv

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • German Communist Party —    The German Communist Party (Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands KPD) was a splinter group from the Unabhängige Sozialistische Partei Deutshlands (Independendent German Socialist Party USPD), which was itself a breakaway party from the… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • East German Communist Party —    See Socialist Unity Party of Germany …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • German Democratic Party — Deutsche Demokratische Partei Founded 1918 Dissolved 1930 Preceded by Progressive People s Party Succeeded by Germa …   Wikipedia

  • German Workers' Party — For the German Workers Party in Austria Hungary, see German Workers Party (Austria Hungary). German Workers Party Deutsche Arbeiterpartei Leader Anton Drexler Founded January 5, 1919 Dissolved …   Wikipedia

  • German-Hanoverian Party — 1932 electoral poster The German Hanoverian Party (German: Deutsch Hannoversche Partei) was a conservative, federalist political party in Germany. The party was founded on 31 december 1869, in protest of the annexation of the Kingdom of Hanover… …   Wikipedia

  • German State Party — Germany This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Germany …   Wikipedia

  • German Farmers' Party — The German Farmers Party (German: Deutsche Bauernpartei, or DBP) or German Peasants Party was a German agrarian political party during the Weimar Republic, existing from 1928 33 …   Wikipedia

  • Communist Party of Germany (disambiguation) — Communist Party of Germany (in German: Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands) is a name that has been and is being used by several organizations in Germany. The Communist Party of Germany (Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands) is not to be confused… …   Wikipedia

  • Communist Party Opposition (Switzerland) — Communist Party Opposition was a Swiss communist party 1930 1935, connected to the German Communist Party Opposition. It was the Swiss affiliate to the International Communist Opposition. This article about a Swiss political party is a stub. You… …   Wikipedia

  • Communist Party of Germany — Not to be confused with German Communist Party. For other uses, see Communist Party of Germany (disambiguation). Communist Party of Germany Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.