- Erbach im Odenwald
Infobox German Location
Art = Stadt
Name = Erbach
Wappen = Wappen Erbach (Odenwald).svg
lat_deg = 49 |lat_min = 39 |lat_sec = 30
lon_deg = 8 |lon_min = 59 |lon_sec = 45
Bundesland = Hessen
Regierungsbezirk = Darmstadt
Landkreis = Odenwaldkreis
Höhe = 250
Fläche = 62.67
Einwohner = 13608
Stand = 2006-12-31
PLZ = 64711
PLZ-alt = 6120
Vorwahl = 06062
Kfz = ERB
Gemeindeschlüssel = 06 4 37 006
LOCODE = DE ERB
Gliederung = 12 "
Adresse = Neckarstraße 3
Website = [http://www.erbach.de/ www.erbach.de]
Bürgermeister = Harald Buschmann
Partei = CDU
Erbach is the district seat of the
Odenwaldkreis(district) in Hesse, Germany.
The town lies in the
Odenwaldat elevations between 200 and 560 m in the valley of the Mümling.
Erbach borders in the north on the town of
Michelstadt, in the east on the market town of Kirchzell(in Miltenberg district in Bavaria), in the south on the community of Hesseneckand the town of Beerfeldenand in the west on the community of Mossautal(all three in the Odenwaldkreis). A foreseen merger with the neighbouring town of Michelstadt was blocked in November 2007 by a civic vote ("Bürgerentscheid"). For the time being, ways are being sought to deepen the two towns’ coöperation, and possibly consider a merger once again in a few years’ time. [http://www.hr-online.de/website/fernsehen/sendungen/index.jsp?rubrik=3058&key=standard_document_33392026&msg=1987]
Since the amalgamations within the framework of municipal reform in 1972, the district seat of Erbach has been made up of 12 "Stadtteile":
The municipal election held on 26 March 2006 yielded the following results:
At the election on 26 March 2006, Harald Buschmann (CDU) was confirmed in office as mayor with 51.8% of the vote.
Coat of arms
The town’s arms might heraldically be described thus: Gules a bend wavy azure, thereon three mullets of six gules.
The wavy bend is taken to be a brook, and the mullets of six (six-pointed stars) were inspired by the arms formerly borne by the Counts of Erbach, who were lords of the Odenwald until 1806.
Erbach has partnerships with four towns in Europe:
Jičín, Czech Republic
*flagicon|France Le Pont-de-Beauvoisin, (Isère) and Le Pont-de-Beauvoisin (Savoie),
Culture and sightseeing
Timber-frame houses on the Mümling
Castle of the Counts at Erbach-Erbach
The castle of the Counts of Erbach was built into a residence in the style of the times in the 18th century. Since the noble house did not have the needed materials on hand, only the middle wing of the planned three-winged building was ever built. The façade is to a great extent built out of not sandstone, but rather sheeting or wood coloured to look like it.
The antique collections at the castle have remained almost unchanged since Count Franz I’s time (1754-1823).
In 2005, the state of Hesse bought the castle for €13,000,000.
Within the castle complex is the likewise Late Baroque
orangerywith the castle garden.
In the area of the orangery and the castle garden, a citizen initiative in the 1970s managed to thwart plans to tear the orangery down and build a
highrise hotelon the site
The memorial on the castle square to Count Franz I – the last ruling count – that was knocked off its pedestal and thereby broken was repaired and set back in place with support from two
Darmstadtartists and some Erbach citizens. The work was financed through grants from the "Landesamt für Denkmalpflege" (“State Office for Care of Monuments”) as well as donations.
One geological peculiarity is the Erdbach’s complete disappearance within Dorf-Erbach’s community area. The Erbach reappears near Stockheim. There are several places where the Erdbach disappears into the ground.
The "Erbacher Wiesenmarkt" (“meadow market”) was originally called the "Eulbacher Markt" or "Eulbacher Wiesen(Vieh-)markt". Eulbach is an outlying centre of the neighbouring town of Michelstadt. It was once a regionally very important
livestock, horseand farm market.
The livestock and farm market was only moved to Erbach sometime in the late 19th or early 20th century by the Counts of Eulbach. Until about 1960, the livestock and horse market with its associated
horseracingand other horse sports was the main part of the "Eulbacher Markt". The "Schützenhaus" (“Marksmen’s House”) standing on the way into the "Wiesenmarkt", however, suggests that the "Eulbacher Markt", at least in part, must already have been held in Erbach as early as the mid 19th century: it was here that the Democratic Revolutionaries met in 1848 and on what is now the market grounds beside the "Schützenhaus" that the Odenwald “Moot” ("Volksversammlung") was held under the Michelstadt revolutionary and lawyer Ludwig Bogen’s leadership.
The "Deutsches Elfenbeinmuseum Erbach" (“Erbach German Ivory Museum”) has been in existence since 1966 and is unique in Europe. Its exhibits are almost exclusively
ivory. Visitors can also watch the resident carvers as they go about their artistic work.
Economy and infrastructure
Franz I, the last ruling count (1754–1823), introduced ivory carving in 1783, thus giving the town the nickname "Elfenbeinstadt" (“Ivory Town”). Many artists made their homes here and today their works and activities can still be admired at the town’s "Deutsches Elfenbeinmuseum Erbach". Owing to widespread bans since 1989, aimed at protecting animals, on dealing in ivory, nowadays comparable materials such as animal horns are used. Very popular as a material is prehistoric mammoth tusk, which is still found from time to time in Siberia. Besides the slightly different colour, this is comparable to elephant tusk ivory.
Erbach lies on "
Bundesstraßen" 45 and 47, and also on the "Odenwaldbahn" ( railway; RMV Line 65; Frankfurt– Darmstadt/ Hanau–Erbach–Eberbach). A planned "Bundesstraße" 45 bypass proposed since the 1970s has once again been included in Hesse state planning.
* Schule am Treppenweg (
* Astrid-Lindgren-Schule (primary school)
* Schule am Sportpark (
Hauptschuleand Realschulewith transition level)
* Schule am Drachenfeld (special school with department for physically handicapped learners)
Sons and daughters of the town
Oka Nikolov(b. 1974), Macedonian footballer
Timo Boll(b. 1981), professional table tennisplayer
* Meike Weber (b. 1987), footballer
* Heinrich List, farmer from Ernsbach, hid Ferdinand Strauss, a
Jew, during the Nazi dictatorship, was betrayed and in 1942 murdered at Dachau. He and his wife have been recognized as being among the Righteous among the Nationsat Yad Vashem.
People connected with the town
* Serap Çileli (b. 1966), author
Jessica Schwarz(b. 1977), actress
*dmoz|World/Deutsch/Regional/Europa/Deutschland/Hessen/Landkreise/Odenwaldkreis/Städte_und_Gemeinden/Erbach,_Odenwald|Erbach de icon
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Look at other dictionaries:
Erbach-Erbach — Erbach Erbach, Franz, (letzter regierender) Graf zu, geb. 29. Okt. 1754 zu Erbach im Odenwald, gest. daselbst 8. März 1823, Sohn des regierenden Grafen Georg Wilhelm (gest. 1756), erhielt eine für seine Zeit ausgezeichnete Erziehung, studierte… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
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Erbach — The German term Erbach may refer to: *Erbach, Rhineland Palatinate *Erbach an der Donau, town in Baden Württemberg *Erbach im Odenwald, town in Hesse *Erbach, a constituent community of Bad Camberg in Hesse *Erbacher Schloss, castle in Erbach im… … Wikipedia
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Odenwald — Übersichtskarte Odenwald … Deutsch Wikipedia
Erbach (Odenwald) — Erbach Fichier:Wappen Erbach (Odenwald).png … Wikipédia en Français
Erbach — bezeichnet: das Adelsgeschlecht Erbach und die Grafschaft Erbach Erbach ist der Name folgender Gemeinden: Erbach (Odenwald), eine Kreisstadt im Odenwaldkreis in Hessen Erbach (Donau), eine Stadt im Alb Donau Kreis in Baden Württemberg Erbach… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Erbach (Hesse) — Erbach … Wikipédia en Français
Odenwald-Regional-Gesellschaft — Basisinformationen Unternehmenssitz Erbach (Odenwald) Webpräsenz www.oreg … Deutsch Wikipedia
Erbach  — Erbach, altadliges Haus, dessen Besitzungen in dem nunmehr hessischen Odenwald liegen, u. welches von Eginhard u. Emma, Kaisers Karl des Großen Tochter, abzustammen behauptet. Urkundlich werden sie seit 1146 Herren von E. genannt; etwa 50 Jahre… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon