- Coral biology
marine science, coral biology is an academic discipline that studies various aspects of the biologyof corals. Coral reefs are a significant ecosystemin terms of biodiversityand there is increased destruction of their habitat world-wide due to human causes and or natural effects. It has become increasingly necessary to understand the impact of these ecolgical changes on corals at the cellular level.
The most important studies in coral biology concern the symbiotic relationship of
dinoflagellates and the cnidarianhost. The mechanism of bleaching is still unclear; the causes of the loss of the dinoflagellates during a bleaching effect is unknown. Postulated alternatives are: the coral animal expels the symbiotic partner, the zooxanthellae escapes, and a combination of both. Understanding this behaviour is a significant aspect of modern coral biology.
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