- Flaxman Charles John Spurrell
Flaxman Charles John Spurrell (
6 September 1842- 25 February 1915), the archaeologist, geologist and photographer, was born in Mile End, Stepney, London, the eldest son of Dr. Flaxman Spurrell, M.D., F.R.C.S., and Ann Spurrell (who were also cousins). Shortly after his birth, his father moved to Bexley, Kent; later, Flaxman (junior) lived at The Priory, Picardy Road, Belvedere, now home to the Priory Conservative Club.
In the 1860s he began to examine flint implements in and around
Crayfordin Kent, and over the following decades published a large number of articles for the Kent Archaeological Society(of which his father was a founding member), the Essex Archaeological Societyand Royal Archaeological Society, as well as other societies and groups. In 1895 he presented a number of pre-historic remains to the Natural History Museum, and later donated material to the Norwich Castle Museum.
He was a close friend of the egyptologist
William Matthew Flinders Petrie, whom he helped to record discoveries made in, for example, Naqadaand Tell el-Amarnain Egypt.
Flaxman Spurrell was also interested in photography, and some of his photographs are currently held by
Some years before his death, he retired to
BessinghamManor House in Norfolk, one of the seats of the Spurrellfamily, and was no longer active in the archaeological world. He died at The Den, Bessingham, in 1915, having married his cousin, Katherine Anne Spurrell, on 27 March 1912.
Flaxman Spurrell was educated at
Epsom Collegeand was a Fellow of Geological Society.
He was a nephew of Rev.
Frederick Spurrelland an uncle of the biologist and author Herbert George Flaxman Spurrell.
The following papers were published by F. C. J. Spurrell in the Royal Archaeological Society's "Archaeological Journal":
*"Implements and Chips from the floor of a Palaeolithic Workshop", Vol. XXXVII
*"Deneholes and Artificial Caves with Vertical Entrances", Vol. XXXVIII
*"Shallow Pits in Norfolk and Elsewhere", Vol. XL
*"Early Sites and Embankments on the margins of the Thames Estuary", Vol. XLII
*"The First Passage of the Thames by Aulus Plautius", Vol. XLVII
*"Shoebury Camp, Essex", Vol. XLVII
*"Notes on a Boat found at Albert Dock, Woolwich", Vol. XLVII
*"Rude Implements from the North Downs", Vol. XLVIII
*"Some Flints from Egypt of the IVth Dynasty", Vol. XLIX
*"Notes on Early Sickles", Vol. XLIX
*"On Remedies in the Sloane Collections, and on Alchemical Symbols", Vol. LI
*"Notes on Egyptian Colours", Vol. LII
*"On Some Flint Implements from Egypt and Denmark", Vol. LIII
In "Archaeologica Cantiana", the journal of the Kent Archaeological Society, he published:
*"Palaeolithic Implements found in West Kent", Vol. XV
Flaxman Spurrell also published the following articles in the "Essex Naturalist":
*"Ensilage, or preserving grain in pits" (1887)
*"Danbury Camp, Essex" (1890)
*"Hæsten's Camps at Shoebury and Benfleet, Essex" (1890)
In the "Proceedings of the Geologists' Association" he published the following works:
*"Excursion to Erith and Crayford", Vol. IX
*"On the Estuary of the Thames and its Alluvium", Vol. XI
*"Excursion to Higham", Vol. XI
*"Excursion to Crayford", Vol. XI
*"Excursion to Swanscombe", Vol XI
*"Excursion to Grays, Thurrock, Essex", Vol. XII
*"Excursion to Dartford Heath", Vol. XIII
*See also "Visit to see F. C. J. Spurrell's collection of fossils" in "Excursion to Belvedere", J. Morris, Vol. II
The following was published in the "Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society":
*"On the discovery of the place where palaeolithic implements were made at Crayford", Vol. XXXVI
In the "Journal of the Anthropological Institute" can be found:
*"On some Palaeolithic knapping tools and methods of using them", Vol. XIII
The following appeared in the "Reports of the West Kent Natural History, Microscopical and Photographic Society":
*"A sketch of the history of the rivers and denudation of West Kent" (1886)
For a collection of photographs by Flaxman Spurrell held by English Heritage, see [http://www.nmrreview.org/documents/NMR_Six_Month_Review.pdf]
"F. C. J. Spurrell, Kentish Antiquary and Archaeologist", Nesta D. Caiger, Research Report, Kent Underground Research Group 8, 1992.
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