- Scituate, Massachusetts
official_name = Scituate, Massachusetts
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Scituate Harbor
mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location in Plymouth County in Massachusetts
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Plymouth
established_title = Settled
established_date = 1630
established_title2 = Incorporated
established_date2 = 1636
Open town meeting
area_total_km2 = 82.4
area_total_sq_mi = 31.8
area_land_km2 = 44.5
area_land_sq_mi = 17.2
area_water_km2 = 37.8
area_water_sq_mi = 14.6
population_as_of = 2000
settlement_type = Town
population_total = 17863
population_density_km2 = 401.4
population_density_sq_mi = 1039.6
elevation_m = 9
elevation_ft = 30
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 42 |latm = 11 |lats = 45 |latNS = N
longd = 70 |longm = 43 |longs = 35 |longEW = W
website = http://www.town.scituate.ma.us/
postal_code_type = ZIP code
postal_code = 02066
area_code = 339 / 781
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 25-60330
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0618352
For geographic and demographic information on the village of North Scituate, which is a part of Scituate, please see the article
North Scituate, Massachusetts.
Scituate was settled by a group of people from Plymouth about 1627, who were joined by immigrants from the County of
Kentin England. They were initially governed by the General Court at Plymouth, but in 1636 the town incorporated as a separate entity. The name Scituate is derived from "satuit," the Wampanoagterm for cold brook. It refers to a brook that runs to the inner harbor of Scituate. In 1710 several residents emigrated to Rhode Island and founded Scituate, Rhode Island, naming it after their previous hometown.
In 1717 the western portion of the original grant was separated and incorporated as the town of Hanover, and in 1788 a section of the town was ceded to Marshfield. In 1849 another western section became the town of South Scituate, which later changed its name to Norwell. Since then, the borders have remained essentially unchanged.
Fishingwas a significant part of the local economy in the past, as well as the sea mossing industry. A small fishing fleet is still resident in Scituate Harbor, although today the town is mostly residential.
In 1810, a lighthouse was erected on the northern edge of Scituate Harbor. This lighthouse is now known as
Old Scituate Light. During the War of 1812, a British naval raiding party was deterred by the two daughters of the lighthouse keeper playing a fife and drum loudly. The girls and this incident became known as the " American Army of Two" or "Lighthouse Army of Two".
Another lighthouse, the notable
Minot's Ledge Light, is located approximately one mile off Scituate Neck. Samuel Woodworth's Old Oaken Bucket house is located in Scituate. The town is also home to the Lawson Tower, a water tower surrounded by a wooden façade, with an observation deck with views of most of the South Shore from the top.
Scituate used to be the site of
international broadcasting radiostation WNYW, which broadcast on the shortwavebands in the late 1960s.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 31.8 square miles (82.4 km²), of which, 17.2 square miles (44.5 km²) of it is land and 14.6 square miles (37.8 km²) of it (45.94%) is water. Scituate is bordered on the east by Massachusetts Bay, on the south by Marshfield, on the west by Norwell and Hingham, all of which are in Plymouth County, and on the northwest by Cohasset, in Norfolk County. The town is nineteen miles northeast of Brockton, and twenty-five miles southeast of Boston.
Scituate is considered a South Shore community, located just south of the mouth of greater
Boston Harbor. The town is not contiguous; Humarockis a part of Scituate which can only be reached from Marshfield. The latter was formerly connected to the town, but that connection was lost with a river shift as the result of the Portland Galeof 1898. The town's shore varies, with the south (along the mouth of the North River) being marshy, the middle (around Scituate Harbor) being more bucolic, to the rocky coast of Scituate Neck (Minot) in the north. It is off these rocks that Minot's Ledge lies, home to the town's most famous lighthouse. The inland of the town is mostly wooded, with several brooks and rivers (including Cold Brook, for which the town is named) running through.
The town has no freeways running through it; Route 3 runs through neighboring Norwell. Route 3A runs through the town, and is known as Chief Justice Cushing Highway for this stretch, named for Chief Justice
William Cushing(1732–1810). The only other state highway in town is Route 123, which terminates at Route 3A, just 0.7 miles from the town line.
There is no air service in town; the closest regional airport is Marshfield Municipal Airport, and the closest national and international air service is at
Logan International Airportin Boston. There are two MBTAcommuter rail stations. One being just off Route 3A in North Scituate, and the other just east of the intersection of Routes 3A and 123 in the Greenbush neighborhood, which is the line's eastern terminus. The line is connected to an existing line in Braintree, providing service to South Station in Boston. [ [http://www.cbbgreenbush.com/ MBTA CBB Greenbush Construction Project website] ]
Named places in the town include: [http://www.sec.state.ma.us/cis/cisuno/unoidx.htm CIS: Unincorporated and Unofficial Names of Massachusetts Communities ] ]
* First Cliff
* Greenbush (Green Bush)
* North Scituate Village (formerly Gannett Corner)
* Shore Acres
* The Glades
* Sand Hills
* The Connolly House
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 17,863 people, 6,694 households, and 4,920 families residing in the town. The population densitywas 1,039.6 people per square mile (401.5/km²). There were 7,685 housing units at an average density of 447.3/sq mi (172.7/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.71% White, 0.49% Black or African American, 0.03% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.29% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.83% of the population.
There were 6,694 households out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.5% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.5% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.13.
In the town the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 27.7% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 91.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.9 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $70,868, and the median income for a family was $86,058. Males had a median income of $60,322 versus $40,200 for females. The
per capita incomefor the town was $33,940. About 1.4% of families and 2.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.5% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.
There are no divided highways that run through Scituate, however, there are two state roads, Route 3A and Route 123. The nearest airport to Scituate is Marshfield Municipal Airport. The nearest national and international air service can be reached at
Logan International Airportin Boston. T. F. Green Airport, located outside Providence, Rhode Island, is an alternative to this airport, although it is located further away.
Greenbush Lineof the MBTA Commuter Railbegins in Scituate with the Greenbush station, proceeds north to Scituate's second stop, in North Scituate, where it continues to Cohasset and Hingham and finally South Stationin Boston.
On the national level, Scituate is a part of
Massachusetts's 10th congressional district, and is currently represented by Bill Delahunt. The state's senior (Class I) member of the United States Senate, re-elected in 2006, is Ted Kennedy. The junior (Class II) Senator, up for re-election in 2008, is John Kerry.
On the state level, Scituate is mostly represented in the
Massachusetts House of Representativesas a part of the Fourth Plymouth district, which also includes the town of Marshfield. The third precinct is a part of the Third Plymouth district, which includes Hingham, Hull and Cohasset. The town is represented in the Massachusetts Senateas a part of the Plymouth and Norfolk district, which includes the towns of Cohasset, Duxbury, Hingham, Hull, Marshfield Norwell and Weymouth. [ [http://www.mass.gov/legis/citytown.htm Index of Legislative Representation by City and Town, from Mass.gov] ] The town is patrolled by the First (Norwell) Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police. [ [http://www.mass.gov/?pageID=eopsterminal&L=5&L0=Home&L1=Law+Enforcement+%26+Criminal+Justice&L2=Law+Enforcement&L3=State+Police+Troops&L4=Troop+D&sid=Eeops&b=terminalcontent&f=msp_divisions_field_services_troops_troop_d_msp_field_troop_d_station_d1&csid=Eeops Station D-1, SP Norwell] ]
Scituate is governed on the local level by the
open town meetingform of government, and is led by a town administrator and a board of selectmen. The town hall, police and fire station 3 are all located in buildings along Route 3A, just down the street from the traditional center of town. There is also a firehouse in Humarock and the Fire Headquarters is on First Parish Rd near Scituate Harbor. Emergency services are also provided by the town, with the nearest hospitals being located in Quincy, Weymouth, Plymouth, and Brockton. There are four post offices throughout the town, located in Humarock, near the harbor and the neck, and in North Scituate, just off the right-of-way of the Greenbush line and adjacent to the site of the station. The Scituate Town Library is located near Scituate Center, and is a member of the Old Colony Library Network (OCLN). The town also operates a highway department, as well as several parks, beaches and marinas. The Coast Guard also has a station at Scituate Harbor, just opposite First Cliff.
Scituate's public schools provide co-ed classes for grades K–12. Hatherly Elementary School, Cushing Elementary School, Wampatuck Elementary School and (the most recently opened) Jenkins Elementary School serve grades K–6, Lester J. Gates Intermediate School, known just as "Gates" to most residents, serves grades seven and eight, and Scituate High School serves 9–12. Scituate High's teams are known as the Sailors, and their colors are blue and white. The teams compete in the MIAA's Division 3, in the Patriot League. Their chief rival is Hingham, whom they play in their annual
Thanksgiving Dayfootball game.
High school students may also choose to attend
South Shore Vocational Technical High Schoolin Hanover free of charge. Also, many students, specifically in high school, commute to private schools in and around Boston, most commonly, Thayer Academyand Archbishop Williams in Braintree, Boston College High School(boys only) in Dorchester, and Notre Dame Academy (girls only) in Hingham. B.C. High enrolled 61 young men from Scituate in the 2005–2006 school year.
Mike Wankum, weatherman for WCVB-TVNews Channel
* Rebecca and Abigail Bates, known as the "
American Army of Two," fended off the British army near the Scituate lighthouse with a fife and drum during the War of 1812
Joseph D. Malone, former Massachusetts treasurer
George William Casey Jr., Chief of Staff of the United States Army(2007–)
Claire Cook, author of several novels, including "Must Love Dogs", which was adapted as a 2005 feature film starring John Cusack and Diane Lane
William Cushing, one of the original six justices on the US Supreme Court.
Ted Donato, former Harvard hockey captain with a 13-year NHL career, who won an NCAA championship; played in the Olympics
Charles Kerins, artist, illustrator, known for Red Sox yearbook covers and paintings of small town American childhood in the 1950s and 1960s.
Nick Flynn, a writer and poet whose autobiographical "Another Bullshit Night in Suck City" currently has director Paul Weitz attached to adapt into a film
Jacques Futrelle, journalist, author, who died in the sinking of the Titanic in 1912
Mark Goddard, actor known for his role as "Major Don West" in the series " Lost in Space"
Mike Hoffman, NHL forward for the 2007 Stanley Cup Champions Anaheim Ducks
Bruce Laird, former NFL football player for Baltimore Colts, 1972–1981 (Pro Bowl 1972), and San Diego Chargers, 1982–1983
* Thomas W. Lawson, stock promoter, financial reformer, built his Dreamwold estate nearby
Jim Lonborg, Cy Young Award-winning former Major League Baseball starting pitcher for the Boston Red Sox.
Dave Silk, former NHL ice hockeyforward known for being a member of the Miracle On Ice1980 U.S. Olympic hockey team that won the gold medal
Billy Tibbetts, former NHL player, New York Rangers, Philadelphia Flyers, Pittsburgh Penguins, Boston Bruins[ [http://www.boston.com/sports/hockey/bruins/articles/2006/09/09/tibbetts_to_get_his_shot/ Boston Globe, "Tibbets to Get His Shot"] ]
Peter Tolan, writer, director [ [http://movies.yahoo.com/movie/contributor/1800020242/bio Yahoo Movies on Tolan] ]
Ryan Whitney, NHL defenseman for the Pittsburgh Penguins
Thomas Farragher, Two-time Pulitzer Prizewinning Journalist, and editor of the Boston Globe Spotlight Team; His first reported the Catholic Church Molestation Scandal in 2003
* [http://www.town.scituate.ma.us Town website]
* [http://www.scituatehistoricalsociety.org/ Scituate Historical Society]
* [http://www.scituatetownlibrary.org/ Scituate Town Library]
** [http://members.aol.com/wildwudy/pubpage.htm Page about early settler Walter Woodworth including a map of early Scituate]
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