- Kim (Korean name)
Kim is the most common family name in
Korea. The name is common in both modern-day North Koreaand South Korea. The Chinese characterused for the name (金) means " gold," and although the character is usually pronounced "geum" (금) in Korea, it is pronounced "gim" (김) when used for the family name and names of some cities, e.g., Gimhae(金海) and Gimpo(金浦).
Approximately 21% of ethnic Koreans have the family name Kim.Fact|date=May 2008
A common ancestor
In ancient historical records, a
Xiongnuprince named Kim Iljaewas mentioned. This was a man who had gone from royalty, to a slave, and then to an official in the Han court. Kim Iljae's presence within the Han court was vast and very high in rank by the time of Han Wudi's death. Kim Iljae's descendants later fled Han China and escaped into the Korean Peninsulato the SillaKingdom, and some went even further down to establish the Gaya Confederacy.
As with most other Korean family names, there are many Kim clans, known in Korean as "
bon-gwan", each of which consists of individual Kim families. Most Kims belong to one of a few very large clans. Even within each clan, people in different families are not related to each other. These distinctions are important, since Korean law used to prohibit intermarriage in the same clan, no matter how remote the relationship; now, however, only those in a relationship of second cousins or closer may not marry.
As with other Korean family names, the Kim clans are distinguished by the place from which they claim to originate. A very large number of distinct Kim clans exist, besides those listed here. The 2000 South Korean census listed 348 extant Kim lineages. [cite web|url=http://kosis.nso.go.kr/cgi-bin/sws_999.cgi?ID=DT_1INOOSB&IDTYPE=3|title=성씨, 본관별 가구 및 인구|accessdate=2006-10-04]
The Uiseong (의성) clan's lineage goes all the way back to the last prince of
Silla, who later became a monk.
According to a story recorded only in the "
Samguk Yusa", in 48 CE, Princess Heo Hwang-ok made an epic journey from a country called "Ayuda" to Korea, where she married King Suro of Geumgwan Gayaand gave birth to 10 children, thus starting the "Kim dynasty" of Geumgwan Gaya, the capital of which was in present-day Goryeong County. The country of Ayuda is often identified with Ayodhyain India. [http://www.ndtv.com/features/showfeatures.asp?id=813&frmsrch=1&txtsrch=Korea%2CAyodhya]
Famous ancient members of this clan, aside from the kings of Geumgwan Gaya, include the
Sillageneral Kim Yu-shin. In the Unified Sillaperiod, members of the Gimhae Kim family were admitted to all but the highest level of the Silla bone rank system.
This clan is by far the most populous of all Korean clans. The 2000 South Korean census found it to contain more than four million people.
GyeongjuKims trace their descent from the ruling family of Silla. The founder of this clan is said to have been Kim Alji, an orphan adopted by King Talhae of Sillain the first century CE. Alji's seventh-generation descendant was the first member of the clan to take the throne, as King Michu of Sillain the year 262.
This clan is also extremely populous. In the South Korean census of 2000, more than 1.7 million citizens claimed to be Gyeongju Kims.
GimhaeKims trace their origin to the founder of the little-known Gaya state of Goryeong Gaya. His alleged tomb, rediscovered in the 16th century, is still preserved by the modern-day members of the clan. This clan numbered only 26,300 members in the 2000 South Korean census.
:main|List of people named Kim (Korean name)Given the prevalence of the family name Kim, a great number of people share this surname.
List of Korea-related topics
List of Korean family names
Storey, Robert. "Lonely Planet: Korea". Lonely Planet Publications: Melbourne, Aus. 2001.
* [http://kyongkim.or.kr/ Korean-language site of the Gyeongju Kim association]
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