- Swadhyay Parivar
The Swadhyay Parivar is an association of people who study the
Bhagavad Gitaand carry out various activities of social good ("swadhyaya" literally means self-study of spiritual quest). Pandurang Shastri Athavaleworked throughout his life going and meeting people to share right understanding of the Hindu scriptures Bhagavad Gita and the Upanishads. He worked with fellow people as brothers and sisters and motivated them to understand the relationship that one has with others due to presence of God within them and within others. His followers go house to house with an outlook of divinity in all and the message of Bhagavad Gita to develop brotherly relations by.
In his early twenties, Athawale began to deliver discourses on the Bhagavad Gita in
Mumbai, India. The movement's aim is better the human condition by fostering an understanding of Hindu scripture.
Swadhyay Movement(self-study) movement started in the 1950s in Mumbai. Athavale was influenced when he was invited in 1954 to the Second World Religious Conference in Japan. Here he expounded on the Vedasand the Bhagavad Gitaand linked them to modern life. He discussed the idea of an in-dwelling God and contended that the ego is a gift from God and thus, rather than being removed, should be sublimed with God. When Athavale was speaking on the Gita and its application to modern life, he was asked whether there was a single village in India practising the ideals of the Gita. Athavale could not answer this question. [1. "Vital Connections: Self, Society, God : Perspectives on Swadhyaya", 1998; Weatherhill, ISBN ] This made him determined to return to India to rejuvenate the ancient concept of Swadhyay. At the conference, Athavale met Arthur Holly Compton, the 1927 winner of the Nobel Prize for Physics. Impressed by Athavale, Compton invited the young man to the United Statesand suggested that the concepts of the Gita could solve their problems.dubious Athavale politely declined and suggested that he would rather put the ideas to use in India before the West.
Swadhyay literally means the study, knowledge, and discovery of the self. According to proponents, it is a "journey to work out a unity in a multiverse of cultures and world views, of harmonizing the self with a network of relationships, of creating and maintaining vital connections between self, society, and God, of knowing and enriching human action with sacredness." ["Vital Connections: Self, Society, God : Perspectives on Swadhyaya", 1998; Weatherhill, ISBN ] The understanding of an in-dwelling God imbibed into Swadhyayees (practitioners of Swadhyay) by Athavale is claimed to motivate them towards true expression of devotion (
Bhakti). ["Vital Connections: Self, Society, God : Perspectives on Swadhyaya", 1998; Weatherhill, ISBN] The concept of devotion has two important aspects in Swadhyay: one of self-exploration, with a view to becoming closer to God (Bhav Bhakti), and an active and creative principle of devotion to promote communal good ("kruti bhakti"). Athavale taught that a series of practical steps and programmes facilitates the awareness that God is in-dwelling.
Per Athavale, "In human society, there are many kinds of barriers such as caste, color, status, religion etc. that separate man from man. What is the way to unite the human race in spite of these barriers? The differences do exist from person to person. But there is a common factor which binds all of us. Our Creator is one and our Operator is one. This is the only factor which can unite the human race in spite of multitude of differences. Today, crude hedonism and materialism are on the ascent. As a result of these isms, modern man is becoming heartless. Human life without noble feelings and higher sentiments is dry, dull and mechanical. The consciousness of God within will promote self-respect and respect for the whole of humanity and creation. The essence of devotion is an understanding of nearness of God. In conclusion, I would like to assert that Devotion to God is a force for the individual, a force for social harmony and a force for international unity." ["Vital Connections: Self, Society, God : Perspectives on Swadhyaya", 1998; Weatherhill, ISBN ]
Athavale has introduced educational institutions, developed
wealth redistributionmeasures and social welfareprojects. ["Vital Connections: Self, Society, God : Perspectives on Swadhyaya", 1998; Weatherhill, ISBN ] Athavale has shown that individual transformation eventually can lead to wider social change. ["Vital Connections: Self, Society, God : Perspectives on Swadhyaya", 1998; Weatherhill, ISBN ] Devotion, he says, can be turned into a social force. "Since God is with us and within us, he is a partner in all our transactions. Naturally, he has his share..." ["Vital Connections: Self, Society, God : Perspectives on Swadhyaya", 1998; Weatherhill, ISBN ] God's part of our wealth, Athavale suggests, can be redistributed among the poor and needy. ["Vital Connections: Self, Society, God : Perspectives on Swadhyaya", 1998; Weatherhill, ISBN ] Athavale presented the idea of "Yogeshwar Krishi" (divine farming) to the farming community. In this social experiment, a Swadhyayee gives a piece of land for use for a season as God's farm. Thereafter each person subsequently, one day a month, works/devotes their efficiency for its cultivation. ["Vital Connections: Self, Society, God : Perspectives on Swadhyaya", 1998; Weatherhill, ISBN ] Seen as God's plot, the income thus generated is called "impersonal wealth" and belongs to no one but God. The wealth is consecrated in the local temple (called "Amritalayam") and later disbursed to those in need as "prasad" or divinely blessed food. Swadhyay emphasizes "graceful giving" where "the help to the needy family's house is taken in the middle of the night so that others may not know that the family concerned has received help from the community." ["Vital Connections: Self, Society, God : Perspectives on Swadhyaya", 1998; Weatherhill, ISBN ]
Swadhyay says its activities differ from social development projects due to the incorporation of "bhakti", or devotion to God, in its work. Swadhyay teaches that no human being is superior or inferior to any other. ["Vital Connections: Self, Society, God : Perspectives on Swadhyaya", 1998; Weatherhill, ISBN ] According to Swadhyay, When wealthy Swadhyayees participate in movement activities, they should not look upon poorer Swadhyayees as 'the other person' in need of public assistance, but as children of the same Creator.
Athavale has also set up a range of educational institutions on government land and by government assistance or on donated land. In the "Bal Sanskar Kendras", children are instilled with a love of Indian culture and values through stories and tales, and in the "Tatvajnana Vidyapeeth" (philosophical university) at
Thanestudents are taught Indian and western philosophy, comparative religion, logic, Sanskrit, Vedic rites and rituals. Athavale has also taught Sanskrit in the form of verses to illiterate villagers and trained many people of all castes in the Vedic rites of priesthood. ["Vital Connections: Self, Society, God : Perspectives on Swadhyaya", 1998; Weatherhill, ISBN ]
* "Vital Connections: Self, Society, God : Perspectives on Swadhyaya", 1998; Weatherhill, ISBN
* [http://www.swadhyay.org/] : The Official web portal of the Swadhyay Parivar.
* [http://www.rmaf.org.ph/Awardees/Biography/BiographyAthavalePan.htm] Ramon magsaysay site introduction of Pandurang Shastri Athavale
* [http://www.templetonprize.org/bios_recent.html] Templeton award web-site referencing Pandurang Shastri Athavale's work
* [http://www.goodnewsindia.com/index.php/Supplement/article/the-importance-of-master-p-s-athavale/] Article on the work of Pandurang Shastri Athavale
* [http://www.laetusinpraesens.org/docs/indiaoz.php] Proposal for a Learning Exchange between the Swadhyaya community (Western India) and the Pitjantjatjara community (Central Australia)
* [http://www.infinityfoundation.com/mandala/s_es/s_es_paran_lessons_frameset.htm] Article on Swadhyaya by Professor Makarand Paranjape
* [http://dlc.dlib.indiana.edu/archive/00000345/00/shethn050300.pdf] Article by Dr N R Sheth
* [http://www.psbt.org/screening/movie_review/248] Documentary about Swadhyaya broadcasted on Indian Television channel Doordarshan
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