Liaodong Peninsula


Liaodong Peninsula

The Liáodōng Peninsula (zh-st|s=辽东半岛|t=遼東半島) is a peninsula in the Liáoníng province of northeastern China, historically known in the west as southern east-Manchuria. "Liaodong" (formerly spelled "Liaotung") means "East of the Liáo". The Liáo River was a river during the Warring States that divided the Yan commandries of Liáoxī (zh-st|s=辽西|t=遼西) (west of the Liáo) and Liaodong.

Geography

The peninsula is situated at the north of the Yellow Sea, between the Bóhăi Sea to the west and the Korea Bay to the east.

It forms the southern part of a mountain belt that continues northward in the Changbai Mountains. The part of the mountain range on the peninsula is known as the Qian Mountains.

The two seaports, Dalian which lies midway along the peninsula at its narrowest point and Port Arthur/Lushun (now a consolidation of several municipalities known as Lüshun City), which is located at its southernmost point. Lüshun City is the governmental district seat of the 2 southernmost "Dalian districts" (county-level government), known as Lüshunkou (literally "Lüshun Port"), organized under the sub-provincial city of Dalian. Lüshun/Port Arthur has a large lake-like naturally-protected harbor and semi-sheltered outer roadstead making it very attractive to imperialist powers at the end of the nineteenth century. Dalny/Dairen/Dalian's harbor required greater investment, initially supplied by the Russians, but turned into a first class city under the Japanese period of administration (1905–1945). The two ports are about convert|25|mi|km|0 apart by rail, but about convert|40|nmi|km|-1 apart by sea. Lüshun is 550 rail miles south of the Manchurian railroad hub city of Harbin on the historic Southern Manchurian Railway (today's China Far East Railway (CER), which construction was one of the underlying causes of the Russo-Japanese War).

History

The peninsula was an important area of conflict during the First Sino-Japanese War (1894–1895), which the Japanese won. Defeat precipitated decline in the Chinese Empire which was exploited by colonial powers who extracted numerous concessions. The peninsula was ceded to Japan by the Treaty of Shimonoseki of April 17, 1895 but this was rescinded after the Triple Intervention of April 23, 1895 by Russia, France and Germany. In the aftermath of this intervention, the Russian government pressured the ruling Qing dynasty to lease Liaodong and the strategically important Lüshunkou (Port Arthur) for use by the Russian Navy. This caused resentment in Japan and was a factor leading to the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905) when negotiations concerning the peninsula, Manchuria, and Korea broke down, due to Russia's unwillingness to treat seriously with Japan as another power. As in the First Sino-Japanese War the Liaodong peninsula was the scene of major fighting in the Russo-Japanese War. As a consequence of the Treaty of Portsmouth (September 5, 1905), which ended the Russo-Japanese War, both sides agreed to evacuate Manchuria and return its sovereignty to China, but Japan was given the lease for the Liaotung/Liaodong.

ee also

*Shandong Peninsula


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Liaodong Peninsula — or Liao tung Peninsula Peninsula, extending from the southern coastline of Liaoning province, northeastern China. It partly separates the Bo Hai (Gulf of Chihli) on the west from Korea Bay on the east. It forms part of a mountain belt that… …   Universalium

  • Liaodong Peninsula — noun a peninsula in northeastern China that extends into the Yellow Sea, between Bo Hai and Korea Bay • Syn: ↑Liaodong Bandao • Instance Hypernyms: ↑peninsula • Part Holonyms: ↑China, ↑People s Republic of China, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Liaodong, península — o Liao tung Península situada en la costa meridional de la provincia de Liaoning, en el nordeste de China. Separa en parte el golfo del Bohai situado al oeste, de la bahía de Corea, al este. Es una extensión de un sistema montañoso conectado con… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Península de Liaodong — (遼東 辽东 Liáodōng) Vista de satélite del extremo de la península Localización administrativa …   Wikipedia Español

  • peninsula — noun a large mass of land projecting into a body of water (Freq. 1) • Derivationally related forms: ↑peninsular • Hypernyms: ↑land, ↑dry land, ↑earth, ↑ground, ↑solid ground, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Liaodong Bandao — noun a peninsula in northeastern China that extends into the Yellow Sea, between Bo Hai and Korea Bay • Syn: ↑Liaodong Peninsula • Instance Hypernyms: ↑peninsula • Part Holonyms: ↑China, ↑People s Republic of China, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • peninsula — peninsular, adj. peninsularism, peninsularity /peuh nin seuh lar i tee, nins yeuh /, n. /peuh nin seuh leuh, nins yeuh leuh/, n. 1. an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus connecting it with the mainland. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Península — (Del lat. paeninsula.) ► sustantivo femenino GEOGRAFÍA Extensión de tierra rodeada de agua por todas partes menos por una, por la que se une a una tierra mayor. * * * península (del lat. «paeninsŭla») f. *Territorio rodeado de agua en casi todo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Liaodong — /liaʊˈdʊŋ/ (say leeow doong) noun 1. a peninsula in north eastern China, forming the southern part of Liaoning province. 2. Gulf of, the northern part of the Bo Hai, west of Liaodong peninsula. Formerly, Liaotung …   Australian English dictionary

  • Liaodong,Gulf of — Liao·dong (lyouʹdŭngʹ) also Liao·tung ( to͝ongʹ), Gulf of The northern part of the Bo Hai in northeast China. It borders on the Liaodong Peninsula, a land area projecting southwest into the Yellow Sea. * * * …   Universalium