 60 (number)

60 (sixty) ( Listen (help·info)) is the natural number following 59 and preceding 61. Being three times twenty, 60 is called "three score" in some older literature.
60 Cardinal sixty Ordinal 60th
(sixtieth)Numeral system sexagesimal Factorization Divisors 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, 60 Roman numeral LX Binary 111100_{2} Octal 74_{8} Duodecimal 50_{12} Hexadecimal 3C_{16} Contents
In mathematics
Sixty is a composite number with divisors 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, 12, 15, 20, 30, and 60, making it also a highly composite number. Because 60 is the sum of its unitary divisors (excluding itself), it is a unitary perfect number, and it is also an excessive number with an abundance of 48. Being ten times a perfect number, 60 is a semiperfect number.
Sixty is the smallest number divisible by the numbers 1 to 6. (There is no smaller number divisible by the numbers 1 to 5). 60 is the smallest number with exactly 12 divisors.
Sixty is the sum of a pair of twin primes (29 + 31), as well as the sum of four consecutive primes (11 + 13 + 17 + 19). It is adjacent to two prime numbers (59,61). It is also the smallest number which is the sum of two odd primes in 6 ways.^{[1]}
The smallest nonsolvable group (A_{5}) has order 60.
There are four Archimedean solids with 60 vertices: the truncated icosahedron, the rhombicosidodecahedron, the snub dodecahedron, and the truncated dodecahedron. The skeletons of these polyhedra form 60node vertextransitive graphs. There are also two Archimedean solids with 60 edges: the snub cube and the icosidodecahedron. The skeleton of the icosidodecahedron forms a 60edge symmetric graph.
There are 60 onesided hexominoes, the polyominoes made from 6 squares.
In geometry, 60 is the number of seconds in a minute, and the number of minutes in a degree. In normal space, the 3 interior angles of an equilateral triangle each measure 60 degrees, adding up to 180 degrees.
Because 60 is divisible by the sum of its digits in base 10, it is a Harshad number.
A number system with base 60 is called sexagesimal (the original meaning of sexagesimal is sixtieth).
In science and technology
The first fullerene to be discovered was buckminsterfullerene C_{60}  an allotrope of carbon with 60 atoms in each molecule, arranged in a truncated icosahedron. This ball is known as a buckyball, and looks like a soccer ball.
The atomic number of Neodymium is 60, and Cobalt60 (^{60}Co) is a radioactive isotope of cobalt.
The electrical utility frequency in western Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, the Philippines, Saudi Arabia, the United States, and several other countries in the Americas is 60 Hz.
An exbibyte (sometimes called exabyte) is 2^{60} bytes.
Cultural number systems
The Babylonian number system had a base of sixty, inherited from the Sumerian and Akkadian civilizations, and possibly motivated by the large number of divisors which 60 has. The sexagesimal measurement of time and of geometric angles is a legacy of the Babylonian system.
The number system in the Mali Empire was also based on sixty (this is reflected in the counting system of the Maasina Fulfulde, a variant of the Fula language spoken in contemporary Mali).^{[2]} The Ekagi of Western New Guinea have also used base 60,^{[3]} and the sexagenary cycle also plays a role in Chinese calendar and numerology.
In German: Schock and in Latin: sexagena refer to 60 = 5 dozen = 1/2 small gross. This quantity was used in international medieval treaties e.g. for ransom of captured Teutonic Knights.
In religion
In the Bible, the number 60 occurs several times, for example as the age of Isaac when Jacob and Esau were born,^{[4]} and the number of warriors escorting King Solomon.^{[5]}
In the laws of kashrut of Judaism, 60 is also the proportion (60:1) of kosher to nonkosher ingredients which can render an admixture kosher postfacto.^{[6]}
In Islam, 60 was mentioned only once in the holy Koran: "..he should feed sixty indigent ones.."^{[7]}
In other fields
Sixty is:
 In time, the number of seconds in a minute, and the number of minutes in an hour.^{[8]} (a legacy of the Babylonian number system)
 The number of feet in the standard measurement tool to evaluate an automotive launch on a dragstrip. It's the time that it took to travel the first 60 feet (18 m) of the track.
 The number of miles per hour an automobile accelerates to from rest (060) as one of the standard measurements of performance
 The total number of years in a Sexagenary cycle
 60 Minutes, a CBS investigative television show
 Sixty Minute Man was a TV show starring Kenny Baumann
 The number of the European route E60 from Brest, France, to Constanţa, Romania
 Municipal Okrug 60, name of Posadsky Municipal Okrug of Petrogradsky District of St. Petersburg, Russia until April 2009
 A common speed limit, in miles per hour, for freeways in many U.S. states
 A common speed limit, in kilometers per hour, in urban areas in Russia
 In years of marriage, the diamond wedding anniversary
 The maximum number of marbles (game pieces) in Chinese checkers
 The code for international direct dial calls to Malaysia
 The highest obtainable level on World of Warcraft (not including the 3 latest expansions)
 Studio 60 on the Sunset Strip was a TV show on NBC (200607)
 Gone in 60 Seconds is a movie starring Nicolas Cage
 Miss Sixty is a women's apparel brand
 The total number of cards in the game Racko
 The number of the French department Oise
 Alpha 60 is a braincomputer in the movie Alphaville directed by JeanLuc Godard
 The age for senior citizen in some cultures
 Number in Earth years between "Great Conjunctions" of Jupiter and Saturn
In sports
 In darts, 60 (trebletwenty) is the highest score which can be achieved with a single dart.
 New York Yankees Babe Ruth hit 60 home runs in 1927
Historical years
60 A.D., 60 B.C., 1960, 2060, etc.
References
 ^ Wells, D. The Penguin Dictionary of Curious and Interesting Numbers London: Penguin Group. (1987): 109110.
 ^ La Fontane, Jean sybil (2004). The Interpretation of Ritual: Essays in Honour of A.I. Richards. Routledge. pp. 320.
 ^ Bowers, Nancy (1977), "Kapauku numeration: Reckoning, racism, scholarship, and Melanesian counting systems", Journal of the Polynesian Society 86 (1): 105–116., http://www.ethnomath.org/resources/bowers1977.pdf
 ^ Biblegateway Genesis 25:26
 ^ Biblegateway Song of Solomon 3:7
 ^ Talmud, Tractate Chullin 98b ; Shulchan Aruch, Yoreh Deah 98.
 ^ Koran, AlMujadala,4
 ^ Dennis Guedj, Numbers: The Universal Language, transl. Lory Frankel. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc. Publishers (1997): 71. "60: the ace of divisibility. The more divisible a number is ... the more useful it proves in certain situations. ... Is it because 60 is highly divisible that the hour has been divided into 60 minutes, and the minute into 60 seconds? Look at the list of its twelve divisors ... Compare this with the larger number 100, which has only nine divisors."
Categories: Integers
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Number Six (The Prisoner) — Number Six is the central fictional character in the 1960s television series The Prisoner, played by Patrick McGoohan. In the AMC remake, the character is played by Jim Caviezel, renamed Six . In several episodes, his attempts to escape his… … Wikipedia
Number Nine Visual Technology — Corporation was a manufacturer of video graphics chips and cards from 1982 to 1999. Number Nine developed the first 128 bit graphics processor (the Imagine 128), as well as the first 256 color and 16.8 million color cards.[1] The name of the… … Wikipedia
Number 96 (TV series) — Number 96 Title card from a 1975 episode of Number 96. Where the cliff hanger resolution that followed this shot at the start of the episode took place in one of the building s flats, the shot of the building would zoom in on that flat as the… … Wikipedia
Number 1 (Goldfrapp song) — Number 1 Single by Goldfrapp from the album Supernature B side … Wikipedia
Number 1 (Tinchy Stryder song) — Number 1 Single by Tinchy Stryder featuring N Dubz from the album Catch 22 Against All Odds B side Stuck on … Wikipedia
Number One — or number one abbreviated #1, No 1 is used in a variety of meanings: Numerical * 1 (number) Music * #1 , an album by Fischerspooner * Konono N°1, a musical group from Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo * No.1 , an album by BoA * #1 , a… … Wikipedia
Number Ones (Janet Jackson album) — Number Ones / The Best Greatest hits album by Janet Jackson Released November 17, 2009 (see … Wikipedia
Number Two (The Prisoner) — Number Two was the title of the chief administrator[1] of The Village in the 1967 68 British television series The Prisoner. More than 17 different actors appeared as holders of the office during the 17 episode series (some episodes featured more … Wikipedia
Number Six (Battlestar Galactica) — Number Six Battlestar Galactica character Promotional still of Number Six in season four First appearance … Wikipedia
Number 2 (Austin Powers) — Number 2 Austin Powers character First appearance Austin Powers: International Man of Mystery … Wikipedia
Number Ones: Up Close and Personal — World Tour Official poster for the tour Tour by Janet Jackson Associated album Number Ones … Wikipedia