Kano Accord

Kano Accord

The Kano Accord was preceded by the collapse of central authority in Chad in 1979, when the Prime Minister Hissène Habré had unleashed on February 12 his militias against the capital N'Djamena and the president Félix Malloum. To route the President's forces, Habré had allied himself with the rival warlord Goukouni Oueddei, who entered in N'Djamena on February 22 at the head of his People's Armed Forces (FAP).

The situation allarmed the country's neighbours, worried of a possible spill-over; as a result, already on February 16 the Sudanese minister Izz Eldine Hamed had arrived in N'Djamena where he negotiated a ceasefire among the rival factions. The Sudanese proposed organizing a peace conference in neutral territory, and Nigeria's President Olusegun Obasanjo offered Kano, in Northern Nigeria, as seat for the conference. He also invited as observers Chad's neighbouring countries (Libya, Sudan, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Niger).

The conference startd with some days of delay on March 11, with the arrival of Malloum, Habré, Goukouni and Aboubakar Abdel Rahmane. Among the four, Malloum represented the French-backed national government, Habré and Goukouni the county's biggest insurgent forces, while Aboubakar, leader of a minor insurgent group, the Popular Movement for the Liberation of Chad (MPLT), could count on the support of Nigeria.

These four signed the Kano Accord on National Reconciliation on March 16, and it became effective on March 23, when Malloum and Habré formally resigned. The six points of the accord were:
*The demilitarization of N'Djamena
*An amnesty for all political prisoners
*Dissolution of the militias
*Formation of a new national army
*Pull-out of French troops
*Nigerian forces would supervise the ceasefire

It also projected the foundation of a Transitional Government of National Unity (GUNT), which would have governed Chad till new elections. Malloum and Habré were excluded from the GUNT, but all of the four factions present at the conference would have two ministries in the Provvisional State Council that would govern in Chad till the full establishment of the GUNT. Goukouni was to be President of this Council.

The French troops, present in Chad from 1978, were to leave the country and be substituted with a multi-national African peacekeeping force under the aegis of the Organisation of African Unity (OAU), represented principally by Nigerian troops.

The Kano Accord was a failure, for it offended Libyan interests by excluding pro-Libyan factions like Abba Siddick's "Original FROLINAT" and Ahmat Acyl's Volcan Army, that menaced to form a counter-government if excluded from the GUNT. This brought Nigerians to search a new accord that would include a major number of factions; and from this was to emerge the Lagos Accord, signed on August 21 in the Nigerian city of Lagos, which took the place of the Kano Accord.

ee also

*Chadian Civil War


*cite book|author=Terry M. Mays|title=Africa's First Peacekeeping operation: The OAU in Chad|publisher=Greenwood|year=2002|id=ISBN 0-275-97606-8

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Kano (Mortal Kombat) — General CVG character name=Kano series= Mortal Kombat series firstgame= Mortal Kombat (1992) liveactor=Richard Divizio ( MK , MKII , MK3 , UMK3 , MKT ) Trevor Goddard (film) Joseph Eddie Acavedo ( ) voiceactor=Michael Des Barres ( MK:DotR )… …   Wikipedia

  • Lagos Accord — The Lagos Accord was a peace agreement signed on August 21, 1979 by representatives of eleven warring factions of the Chadian Civil War, after a conference in Lagos, Nigeria. The accord established the procedures for setting up the Transitional… …   Wikipedia

  • Chadian–Libyan conflict — Chadian Libyan conflict Chadian soldiers in a Toyota pickup modified into a technical …   Wikipedia

  • Popular Movement for the Liberation of Chad — The Popular Movement for the Liberation of Chad (Mouvement Populaire pour la Libération du Tchad or MPLT) was a small rebel group active in Chad during the civil war. It was born in 1977 as a splinter group from Goukouni Oueddei s People s Armed… …   Wikipedia

  • Aboubakar Abdel Rahmane — (died 1979) was a Chadian warlord active during the civil war (1966 ndash;1993). A semi literate Muslim Kanembu, he originally belonged to Goukouni Oueddei s People s Armed Forces (FAP). A member of the FAP s Comité Militaire Interarmées… …   Wikipedia

  • FROLINAT — (French: Front de Libération Nationale du Tchad; English: National Liberation Front of Chad) is an insurgent rebel group that was active in Chad between 1966 and 1993. Contents 1 Origins 2 Dissensions 3 Gou …   Wikipedia

  • Tripoli Agreement — The Tripoli Agreement (also known as the Libya Accord or the Tripoli Declaration) was signed on February 8, 2006, by Chadian President Idriss Déby, Sudanese President Omar Hassan al Bashir, and Libyan leader Muammar al Gaddafi, effectively ending …   Wikipedia

  • List of Chad-related topics — Chad articles=Chad related people*Ibrahim Abatcha *Abdullah I (Kanem Bornu king) *Abdelwahit About *Ahmad (Kanem Bornu king) *Ahmat Acyl *Mahamat Ali Adoum *Aissa Kili N guirmamaramama *Ali Gazi *Ali II of Bornu *Ahmad Allam Mi *Michel Arnaud… …   Wikipedia

  • Popular Front for the Liberation of Chad — The Popular Front for the Liberation of Chad ( Front Populaire pour la Libération du Tchad or FPLT) was a small insurgent group active during the Chadian Civil War. Founded in 1968 by Awad Mukhtar Nasser, it was based in Sudan and operated along… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Democratic Republic of the Congo-related articles — The Democratic Republic of the Congo ( fr. République démocratique du Congo), often referred to as DR Congo, DRC or RDC, and formerly known or referred to as Congo Free State, Belgian Congo, Congo Léopoldville, Congo Kinshasa, and Zaire (or Zaïre …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»