United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves

United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves

Infobox Former Country
native_name = "Reino Unido de Portugal, Brasil e Algarves"
conventional_long_name = United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
common_name = Portugal
continent = South America
region = Brazil
country = Brazil
status = Empire
government_type = Monarchy
year_start = 1815
year_end = 1822
p1 = Portuguese Empire
flag_p1 = Flag Portugal (1707).svg
p2 = Colonial Brazil
flag_p2 = Flag Princes of Brazil.svg
p3 = Algarve
image_p3 =
s1 = Portuguese Empire
flag_s1 = Flag Portugal (1707).svg
s2 = Empire of Brazil
flag_s2 = Flag of the First Empire of Brazil.svg
s3 = Algarve
image_s3 =

image_map_caption = The United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves with its colonies
capital = Rio de Janeiro (1815- 1821)
Lisbon (1821- 1822)
common_languages = Portuguese
religion = Catholicism
currency = Real
leader1 = Maria I
year_leader1 = 1815-1816
leader2 = John VI
year_leader2 = 1816-1825
title_leader = Monarch

The United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarves was a monarchy consisting of Portugal, Brazil, and the Algarve. It came into being when the Portuguese king John VI moved to the colony of Brazil during the war with Napoleonic France in 1808. The colony of Brazil was elevated to the rank of a Kingdom, and the Kingdoms of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarve were united as a single State by the title of "The United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves" by a Law issued on December 16, 1815.

In 1822 the Brazilian regent Dom Pedro, son of John VI, declared the Brazilian independence, as a consequence of the Liberal Revolution of 1820 in Portugal, and became Emperor Pedro I of Brazil, which meant the end of this United Kingdom. Portugal recognized Brazil's sovereignity in 1825.

Monarchs of the United Kingdom

*Maria I, Queen 1815-1816;
*John VI, King 1816-1822.


* [http://www.mre.gov.br/cdbrasil/itamaraty/web/ingles/consnac/orgpol/periodos/monarq/ Monarchy in Brazil] "Ministry of External Relations", accessed on 8 June 2008.
* [http://www.multirio.rj.gov.br/historia/modulo02/elevacao_brasil.html Elevação do Brasil a Reino Unido a Portugal e Algarves] "Secretary of Education of Rio de Janeiro", accessed on 8 June 2008. pt icon
* [http://www2.camara.gov.br/internet/conheca/historia/reinounido.html Reino Unido (1815-1822)] "Chamber of Deputies of Brazil", accessed on 8 June 2008.

ee also

*History of Portugal (1777-1834)
*Brazilian Empire
*Kingdom of Portugal

External links

* [http://uk.holidaysguide.yahoo.com/p-travelguide-373548-brazil_history-i Brazil history]
* [http://www.crwflags.com/fotw/flags/br-col.html Colonial flags of Brazil]

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