Aversive case


Aversive case

The aversive or evitative case is a grammatical case found in Australian Aboriginal languages that indicates that the marked noun is avoided or feared.

Usage

For example, in Walmajarri:The suffix "-karrarla" indicates that the action (running away) was carried out in order to avoid the dust storm, "tjurtu-".

The aversive may also be used to mark the object of verbs of fearing. For example, in Djabugay:The aversive may be used on a nominalized verb, to produce an equivalent of English "lest". For example, "lest they be forgotten" could be encoded as "to avoid forgetting them".

Languages

Few languages have a distinct aversive case. Usually, a single case will be used both for the aversive and other functions.

Languages with a distinct aversive case include:
*Arrernte
*Djabugay
*Gumbaynggir
*Marri Ngarr
*Marrithiyel
*Walmajarri
*Warlmanpa
*Warlpiri
*Warumungu
*the Western Desert Language
*Yidinj

References

*cite book|last=Dixon|first=R. M. W.|authorlink=R. M. W. Dixon|title=Australian Languages: Their Nature and Development|year=2002|publisher=Cambridge University Press|id=ISBN 0-521-47378-0


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