- Iranian plateau
Iranian plateauconnecting to Anatoliain the west and Hindu Kushand Himalayain the east]
Iranian plateau, also known as the Persianplateau is a geologicalformation in Southwest Asia, Southern Asiaand the Caucasusregion . It is the part of the Eurasian Platewedged between the Arabian and Indian plates, situated between the Zagros mountainsto the west, the Caspian Seaand the Kopet Dagto the north, the Hormuz Straitand Arabian Seato the south and Hindu Kushto the east.
As a historical region, it includes Parthia, Media and eastern Persia, the heartlands of
Greater Persia(mainly Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistanwest of the River Indus). [http://www.utexas.edu/cola/centers/lrc/eieol/aveol-0-X.html Old Iranian Online] , "University of Texas College of Liberal Arts" (retrieved 10 February 2007)] The Zagros mountainsform the plateau's western boundary, and its eastern slopes may be included in the term. The Encyclopedia Britannicaexcludes "lowland Khuzestan" explicitly [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-32102/ancient-Iran s.v. "ancient Iran"] ] and characterizes Elamas spanning "the region from the Mesopotamian plain to the Iranian Plateau". [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9032223/Elamite-language s.v. "Elamite language"] ]
From the Caspian in the northwest to Baluchistan in the south-east, the Iranian Plateau extends for close to 2,000 km. It encompasses the greater part of
Iran, Afghanistanand significant part of Pakistanon an area roughly outlined by the quadrangle formed by the cities of Tabriz, Shiraz, and Kabulcontaining some 3.7 million square kilometers (1.5 million square miles). In spite of being called a "plateau", it is far from flat but contains several mountain ranges, the highest peak being Damavandin the Alborzat 5610 m, and the Lut basineast of Kermanin Central Iran falling below 300 m.
In geology, the plateau region of
Iranprimarily formed of the accretionary Gondwanan terranes between the Turan platform to the north and the Main Zagros Thrust, the suture zone between the northward moving Arabian plate and the Eurasian continent, is called the Iranian plateau. It is a geologically well-studied area because of general interest in continental collision zones, and because of Iran's long history of research in geology, particularly in economic geology(although Iran's major petroleum reservesare not in the plateau).
plateauin geology refers to a geographical area north of the great folded mountain belts resulting from the collision of the Arabian platewith the Eurasian plate. In this definition, the Iranian plateau does not cover southwestern Iran.It extends from East AzerbaijanProvince in northwest of Iran(Persia) to southern Afghanistanand Pakistan. It also includes smaller parts of the Republic of Azerbaijanand Turkmenistan. Its mountain ranges can be divided into five major sub-regions: [ [http://www.peakbagger.com/range.aspx?rid=43 peakbagger.com] ]
*Northwest Iran Ranges
Sabalan4811 m. 15,784 ft.
Damavand5610 m. 18,406 ft.
*Central Iranian Plateau
Kūh-e Hazār4500 m. 14,764 ft.
Kuh-e Jebal Barez
*Eastern Iranian Ranges
***Kuh-e Siah Khvani 3314 m. 10,873 ft. coord|36|17|N|59|3|E
***2920 m, 9580 ft. coord|33|32|N|57|14|E
**Sikaram 4755 m. 15,600 ft. coord|34|2|N|69|54|E
**Kuh-e Taftan 3941 m, 12,930 ft. coord|28|36|N|61|8|E
**Zargun 3578 m, 11,739 ft. coord|30|16|N|67|18|E
Rivers and plains:
In the Bronze Age,
Elamstretched across the Zagros mountains, connecting Mesopotamiaand the Iranian Plateau. The kingdoms of Arattaknown from cuneiform sources may have been located in the Central Iranian Plateau.
In classical antquity the region was known as
Persia, due to the Persian Achaemenid dynasty, originating in Persia proper, or Fars.
The Middle Persian "Erān" (whence Modern Persian "Irān") began to be used in reference to the state (rather than as an ethnic designator) from the
Sassanidperiod (see Etymology of Iran).
Archaeological sites and cultures of the Iranian plateau include:
*Central Iranian Plateau ("
Zayandeh River Civilization
Geography of Iran
*Y. Majidzadeh, "Sialk III and the Pottery Sequence at Tepe Ghabristan. The Coherence of the Cultures of the Central Iranian Plateau," Iran 19, 1981, 141-46.
* [http://www.peakbagger.com/range.aspx?rid=432 peakbagger.com]
* [http://www.briancoad.com/Introduction/yazdbasin.htm Yazd basin]
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