- One Life to Live
One Life to Live
Title card (2004–present)
Genre Soap opera Created by Agnes Nixon Written by Ron Carlivati Starring Erika Slezak
Robert S. Woods
Hillary B. Smith
Country of origin United States Language(s) English No. of seasons 44 No. of episodes 11,069 (as of November 18, 2011) Production Executive producer(s) Doris Quinlan (1968-1977)
Joseph Stuart (1977-1983)
Jean Arley (1983-1984)
Paul Rauch (1984–1991)
Linda Gottlieb (1991–1994)
Susan Bedsow Horgan (1994–1996)
Maxine Levinson (1996–1997)
Jill Farren Phelps (1997–2001)
Gary Tomlin (2001–2002)
Frank Valentini (2003–present)
Running time 30 minutes (1968–1976)
45 minutes (1976–1978)
60 minutes (1978–present)
Distributor ABC Broadcast Original channel ABC Original run July 15, 1968– present External links Website
One Life to Live (OLTL) is an American soap opera which debuted on July 15, 1968 and has been broadcast on the ABC television network. Created by Agnes Nixon, the series was the first daytime drama to primarily feature racially and socioeconomically diverse characters and consistently emphasize social issues. One Life to Live was expanded from 30 minutes to 45 minutes on July 26, 1976, and then to a full hour on January 16, 1978.
Focused on the members and relationships of the Lord family since the show's inception, actress Erika Slezak has portrayed original and central heroine Victoria "Viki" Lord on One Life to Live since March 1971 and has won a record six Daytime Emmy Awards for the role. In 2002 the series won an Emmy for Outstanding Drama Series. Daily repeat broadcasts of the series appear weeknights on SOAPnet with a day-behind repeat airing the following weekday morning and a rebroadcast of all the previous week's episodes on Saturday nights. Taped in New York City, One Life to Live is currently the sole American soap opera based outside the Los Angeles area.
On April 14, 2011, ABC announced that it canceled One Life to Live; citing low ratings, high production costs and change of tastes from viewers.  On July 7, 2011, ABC licensed the rights of One Life to Live to production company Prospect Park, which intends to broadcast first-run episodes of the show online after its run on ABC. The final scenes for ABC were taped on November 18, 2011.  One Life to Live will air its final ABC episode in January 2012 and will be succeeded by health show The Revolution. It is also in January 2012 that One Life to Live is scheduled to be relaunched on The Online Network with Prospect Park. 
Impressed with the ratings success of NBC's Another World, ABC sought out Another World writer Nixon to create a serial for them. Though Nixon's concept for the new series was "built along the classic soap formula of a rich family and a poor family," she was "tired of the restraints imposed by the WASPy, noncontroversial nature of daytime drama." One Life to Live would emphasize "the ethnic and socioeconomic diversity" of the characters in its fictional setting. Nixon would go on to create All My Children in 1970 and Loving in 1983.
The initial main titles of the series featured the image of a roaring fireplace, a visual representation of the originally proposed title — Between Heaven and Hell — ultimately changed to One Life to Live to avoid controversy. OLTL's first sponsors were the Colgate-Palmolive company, who also sponsored The Doctors. ABC bought the show from Nixon in December 1974 when they purchased all stock to her Creative Horizons Inc. The show was originally a half-hour serial until it was expanded to 45 minutes on July 23, 1976, and to one hour on January 16, 1978.
One Life to Live is set in the fictional city of Llanview, a suburb of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The show originally concentrated on the wealthy Lord family, the less wealthy Siegels (the first attempt to showcase a Jewish family on daytime television), the middle-class Rileys and Woleks, and the African-American Grays. One Life to Live has been called "the most peculiarly American of soap operas: the first serial to present a vast array of ethnic types, broad comic situations, a constant emphasis on social issues, and strong male characters."
Since its inception, One Life to Live has centered on the character of Victoria "Viki" Lord (originated by Gillian Spencer), who has been portrayed by six-time Emmy winner Erika Slezak since March 1971. Long-suffering heroine Viki has weathered love and loss, widowhood, rape, divorce, stroke, and breast cancer, and has been memorably plagued by dissociative identity disorder (or DID, once known as multiple personality disorder) on and off for decades. Viki has also had heart problems, leading up to having the heart of her dying husband transplanted into her, to save her life.
The apparent murder of Marco Dane by Viki Lord and ensuing Karen Wolek prostitution storyline in 1979 garnered widespread critical acclaim and several Daytime Emmy Awards. The 1980s brought great ratings success and rose to prominence Viki's sister, Tina, and the Buchanan family. Into the 1990s, the show introduced the first interracial couple in soap operas, attorneys Hank and Nora Gannon, and the story of the involvement of Viki's estranged brother, Todd, with the rape of Marty Saybrooke, called "one of the show's most remembered and impactful."
One Life to Live celebrated its 40th anniversary in July 2008 with the return of several former cast members and by revisiting notable plotlines from its past. "Deceased" characters and even creator Agnes Nixon appeared in a storyline in which Slezak's Viki dies and visits Heaven, an homage to Viki's 1987 heavenly trip. Daytime Emmy-nominee Andrea Evans and others returned for a tribute to Tina Lord's famous 1987 plunge over the Iguazu Falls and the 1990 royal wedding in fictional Mendorra. And like the 1988 Old West storyline in which the character Clint Buchanan steps back 100 years in the past, on July 21, 2008, Robert S. Woods began an extended storyline in which his character Bo Buchanan finds himself transplanted back into his own past—specifically 1968, the year of the series' inception—witnessing his family's back-story unfold. Soap Opera Digest subsequently named One Life to Live their "Best Show" of 2008, calling it "the year's most compelling" series and citing a myriad of storylines the magazine found "heartbreaking", "stunning", and "gripping", as well as complimenting its risk-taking and "diverse and talented" cast.
On August 4, 2009 it was announced that One Life to Live, which tapes in New York City, would move from ABC Studio 17 at 56 West 66th Street to Studio 23 at 320 West 66th Street Manhattan in early 2010. This studio was made available by the move of sister soap opera All My Children to a production facility in Los Angeles, where that series began taping on January 4, 2010. The new studio is 30% larger than One Life to Live's previous one, and both One Life to Live and All My Children were to be taped and broadcast in high-definition (HD) after their moves.
On October 8, 2009, ABC announced that it had postponed the transition to HD for One Live to Live, citing the economic climate at the time, though an ABC spokesperson did state that they "...will re-examine it next year." On December 6, 2010, One Life to Live became the fifth daytime soap opera to broadcast in the 16:9 widescreen picture format but still not in true HD, after Days of our Lives, The Young and the Restless, and fellow ABC soaps All My Children and General Hospital, though those series are produced in high definition. The September 17, 2010 series ending of As the World Turns left One Life to Live as the last remaining American daytime soap opera being produced in the New York City area.
Rumors about a potential cancellation of One Life to Live first appeared in late 2009, after ABC announced that it was moving All My Children from New York City to Los Angeles. One Life to Live's lonely presence in New York along with its struggling ratings was making it a program at risk of cancellation. In May 2010, rumors of possible cancellation of not only One Life To Live, but this time of also All My Children and General Hospital, resurfaced when ABC officially announced that it was shutting down SOAPnet, effective in 2012. In January of 2011, ABC began secretly auditioning a few talk shows to maybe be placed in their daytime lineup. At this point, All My Children had the lowest ratings so rumors began heating up about the show's demise. Rumors also were that One Life To Live was safe for a while longer. Early in April, though, rumors began to heat up once again that not only All My Children, but also One Life To Live was in danger of cancellation.
After years of steady declining ratings, ABC first announced on April 14, 2011 that All My Children would end its network run on September 23, 2011. A minute later, it was announced was that One Life To Live will also be ending its run on their network a few months after in January, 2012 citing "extensive research into what today’s daytime viewers want and the changing viewing patterns of the audience." The network states it is replacing the show with a new production entitled The Revolution which will focus on health and lifestyles. In response to the cancellation of this and All My Children, vacuum cleaner manufacturer Hoover withdrew its advertising from all ABC programs out of protest, going as far as running a campaign to get ABC to reverse its decision. But while both soaps had their cancellations announced the same day, One Life To Live was to remain on the air 4 months longer because its replacement would not be ready until later.
On July 7, 2011, ABC announced that it had licensed the rights to One Life to Live and All My Children to television, film and music production company Prospect Park, allowing both series to continue producing new first-run episodes beyond the conclusion of its television run on ABC, with the series moving to a new Hulu-style online channel currently in development by Prospect Park; as a result of the company's acquisition of the two soaps, One Life to Live and All My Children will become the first soap operas to transition its first-run broadcasts from traditional television to internet television..
Cast and characters
Actors working for more than 30 years on the show include Erika Slezak and Robert S. Woods. Actors who were with the show and became more widely known from their prime-time television or feature film work include Judith Light, Roma Downey, Laurence Fishburne, Tommy Lee Jones, Mario Van Peebles, Ryan Phillippe, and Jessica Tuck.
Core characters and families include Asa Buchanan and members of the Buchanan family, Viki Lord and siblings Tina and Todd of the Lord family, and supporting families like Dr. Larry Wolek and the Wolek family and Dr. Dorian Cramer
In 2002, the popularity of antihero Todd Manning (Roger Howarth) prompted ABC to market a rag doll of the character, complete with his signature scar. First offered for sale on April 29, 2002, the doll was pulled on May 7, 2002 after a backlash begun when The Jack Myers Report "harshly criticized the network's judgment" on creating and releasing a doll based on Manning, a character who had notably been convicted of rape in 1993. The New York Times later quoted then-ABC President Angela Shapiro admitting, "I was insensitive and take total responsibility for it. I should have been sensitive to the history of the character and I wasn't."
Shortly after receiving a March 2005 GLAAD Media Award for its coverage of LGBT issues, One Life to Live was met with criticism when married district attorney Daniel Colson (Mark Dobies) was revealed to have murdered two people to cover up the fact that he is secretly gay. GLAAD itself criticized the storyline "for reinforcing the idea that being gay is something to be ashamed of," while TV Guide noted "It's hard to disagree with those who say that's a lousy representation of gay folks." Executive Producer Frank Valentini defended the story, saying "This is a story about the harsher side of intolerance and about one man not being true to himself. There are going to be meaningful, frank discussions that come out of this." Then-head writer Dena Higley explained, "The number one rule of soap opera is never cut drama. Daniel being gay and keeping that a secret is a dramatic story."
In June 2009, actress Patricia Mauceri (a performer on the series since 1995) was replaced in her role as Latin matriarch Carlotta Vega, reportedly after voicing personal religious objections to a planned storyline in which Carlotta would be supportive of a gay relationship.
Transition to The Online Network with Prospect Park
On September 16, 2011 current OLTL executive producer Frank Valentini was retained by Prospect Park for the serial as well as All My Children when both shows move on The Online Network.  On September 28, 2011, Prospect Park confirmed that One Life to Live will start on its The Online Network internet channel in January 2012, but without specifying the exact date.
Since the agreement made between ABC and Prospect Park is not limited to internet television and does allow One Life to Live to be broadcast on traditional television, there was an announcement on August 3, 2011 about a possibility of One Life to Live airing on a cable channel.  On October 5, 2011, the project to bring One Life to Live to cable was reiterated in a New York Times article, where it is revealed that Prospect Park plans to first air episodes on The Online Network, then make them available on television on demand and, then weeks later, on cable television.  However, nothing has been confirmed or been made official about One Life to Live going to either TOD or cable.
Actors that have agreed to continue with the show online (sorted by last name)
Actor Character Date of announcement Melissa Archer Natalie Buchanan September 30, 2011 Kassie DePaiva Blair Cramer September 6, 2011 Michael Easton John McBain September 6, 2011 Shenell Edmonds Destiny Evans November 3, 2011 Josh Kelly Cutter Wentworth November 3, 2011 Ted King Tomás Delgado September 6, 2011 Florencia Lozano Téa Delgado November 3, 2011 Kelley Missal Dani Manning September 30, 2011 Sean Ringgold Shaun Evans September 25, 2011 Erika Slezak Victoria Lord September 6, 2011 Andrew Trischitta Jack Manning September 30, 2011 Jerry verDorn Clint Buchanan September 30, 2011 Tuc Watkins David Vickers-Buchanan November 3, 2011
Since the show's inception, the plotlines of One Life to Live have been established as existing in the same fictional universe as other ABC-owned daytime series, in particular Agnes Nixon's All My Children, which premiered in 1970. As noted from time to time in both series, fictional Pine Valley—the setting of All My Children—is located in Pennsylvania near One Life to Live's Llanview. Over the years, many characters have crossed over from one series to another in both short appearances and extended runs. As early as 1968, General Hospital's Dr. Steve Hardy appeared in Llanview to consult on Meredith Lord Wolek's blood disease as a means to lead General Hospital viewers to the new series; similarly, One Life to Live's Dr. Larry Wolek visited All My Children shortly after its premiere in 1970.
In 1979, when Viki Riley was on trial for the murder of Marco Dane, she was defended by Pine Valley attorney Paul Martin. In 1999, Daytime Emmy Award-winner Linda Dano returned to One Life to Live as Gretel "Rae" Cummings, a character she had previously played on the series from 1978 to 1980. In a 2000 move of network synergy designed to "entice viewers to tune into soap operas that they might not have usually watched," then-President of ABC Daytime Angela Shapiro orchestrated Dano's concurrent appearance as Rae on the three other ABC soap operas at the time — All My Children, General Hospital, and Port Charles — in an extended crossover storyline which was the first time a daytime character had ever appeared on four series. Rae's search for the child she had given up for adoption takes her to All My Children, where she discovers in 2000 that her own birth mother is Pine Valley's Myrtle Fargate. Following clues to Port Charles and General Hospital, Rae finally finds her daughter back in Llanview on One Life to Live: Skye Chandler, herself a former All My Children character who had relocated to One Life to Live in 1999. Skye's adopted All My Children father Adam Chandler appears on One Life to Live in 2001, and Rae initially identifies Skye's biological father as Alan Quartermaine of General Hospital. Both women subsequently appear on that series, with Skye moving to General Hospital full-time in 2001 and Rae returning to One Life to Live until 2004, making some appearances on General Hospital later in 2002 and 2003.
A December 30, 2003 visit by One Life to Live's Paul Cramer to his estranged secret wife Babe Carey on All My Children ultimately leads to an extensive 2004 "baby switch" storyline which features crossovers of over 20 characters between the two series. With his sister Kelly desperate for a child to save her marriage after miscarrying her own, Paul finds himself delivering the babies of both Babe and her friend Bianca Montgomery during a rainstorm and subsequent flood in nearby Pine Valley on March 24, 2004. Paul stages a crash with his MEDEVAC helicopter; he takes Babe's son for Kelly, gives Bianca's daughter to Babe, and tells Bianca that her baby had died in the accident. Unaware of the child's origins, Kelly brings Babe's infant back to Llanview, passing him off as her child with her husband Kevin Buchanan. Months later, Babe discovers that her daughter is really the grieving Bianca's, but remains silent and allows Paul to manipulate her. Meanwhile, a devastated Kelly discovers that Paul had stolen her son from his mother and, desperate for cash, he blackmails Kelly by threatening to reveal the secret to Kevin. Bianca's daughter is returned to her for Christmas 2004, and once Kevin learns the truth, he and Kelly return Babe's son as well in 2005.
One Life to Live and many of its actors and crew have been nominated for dozens of awards, winning on many occasions. Erika Slezak has received six Daytime Emmy Awards for her acting, a feat tied only by Anthony Geary and Justin Deas.
In 2005 the series was awarded a GLAAD Media Award for its coverage of LGBT issues in the 2004 coming out storyline of gay character Mark Solomon (Matt Cavenaugh). One Life to Live won the same award again in 2010  for a well-publicized storyline in which police officer Oliver Fish comes out and reunites with his former college boyfriend and medical school student Kyle Lewis.
Daytime Emmy Award wins
Category Recipient Role Year(s) Outstanding Drama Series 2002 Lead Actor Al Freeman, Jr.
Robert S. Woods
Lead Actress Judith Light
Hillary B. Smith
1984, 1986, 1992, 1995, 1996, 2005
Supporting Actor Thom Christopher Carlo Hesser 1992 Supporting Actress Susan Haskell Marty Saybrooke 1994 Younger Actor Roger Howarth Todd Manning 1994
- Wins in other categories
- 2009 Outstanding Achievement in Costume Design for a Drama Series
- 2009 Outstanding Achievement in Makeup for a Drama Series
- 2009 Outstanding Drama Series Directing Team
- 2009 Outstanding Original Song
- 2008 Outstanding Achievement in Costume Design for a Drama Series
- 2008 Outstanding Achievement in Lighting Direction for a Drama Series
- 2008 Outstanding Drama Series Directing Team
- 2008 Outstanding Drama Series Writing Team
- 2008 Outstanding Original Song (two awards for two One Life to Live songs, which tied)
- 2007 Outstanding Achievement in Art Direction/Set Decoration/Scenic Design for a Drama Series
- 2007 Outstanding Achievement in Multiple Camera Editing for a Drama Series
- 2005 Outstanding Achievement in Music Direction and Composition for a Drama Series (tied with All My Children)
- 2005 Outstanding Achievement in Technical Direction/Electronic Camera/Video Control for a Drama Series
- 2003 Outstanding Achievement in Live & Direct to Tape Sound Mixing for a Drama Series
- 2001 Outstanding Achievement in Live & Direct to Tape Sound Mixing for a Drama Series
- 2001 Outstanding Achievement in Technical Direction/Electronic Camera/Video Control for a Drama Series
- 2000 Outstanding Achievement in Costume Design for a Drama Series
- 2000 Outstanding Achievement in Live & Direct to Tape Sound Mixing for a Drama Series
- 2000 Outstanding Achievement in Music Direction and Composition for a Drama Series
- 2000 Outstanding Original Song
- 1994 Outstanding Drama Series Writing Team
- 1987 Outstanding Drama Series Writing Team
- 1984 Outstanding Achievement in Technical Excellence for a Daytime Drama Series
- 1984 Outstanding Direction for a Daytime Drama Series
- 1983 Outstanding Direction for a Daytime Drama Series
- 1982 Outstanding Achievement in Any Area of Creative Technical Crafts: Lighting Direction (Everett Melosh)
- 1976 Outstanding Individual Director for a Daytime Drama Series (David Pressman)
- 1974 Outstanding Technical Direction and Electronic Camerawork
For historical ratings information, see List of US daytime soap opera ratings
ABC cemented its reputation as a youth-oriented network in daytime with the addition of OLTL to its schedule, with much of the rest of its lineup consisting of fashionable soaps like Dark Shadows, sitcom reruns, and game shows packaged by Chuck Barris. The network placed the new serial at 3:30 PM EST/2:30 CST, against CBS' established hit Edge of Night and the popular NBC game You Don't Say. OLTL replaced the short-lived Baby Game, in a three-way shuffle with Dark Shadows and Dating Game.
Despite the tough competition, the intense tone of the plot and strong characters allowed the show to get a leg up on YDS, wearing that game down to the point of its cancellation in September 1969; NBC replaced the Tom Kennedy-hosted game in that timeslot with three unsuccessful serials: Bright Promise (1969–1972), Return to Peyton Place (1972–1974), and How to Survive a Marriage (1974–1975).
Things greatly improved for OLTL in 1972, when CBS relocated Edge in response to packager Procter and Gamble's demands. The four-year-old show managed to top the ratings for the first time over CBS' declining Secret Storm, and later, the game Hollywood's Talking, which ran only 13 weeks. However, trouble loomed on the horizon as OLTL anticipated its fifth birthday, with the coming of CBS' revival of Goodson-Todman's Match Game. Some months after its debut in July 1973, that show became the daytime phenomenon of the mid-1970s, becoming the top-rated of all daytime shows by Thanksgiving. ABC stood by OLTL, however, keeping it put at 3:30/2:30.
By 1975, though, NBC became a serious player in that timeslot for the first time in over five years when it expanded its strong soap Another World to a full hour, its second half occupying the 3:30/2:30 period. This would cause OLTL to lose a substantial audience share, but its lead-in, General Hospital, experienced even worse losses. ABC decided to take an unusual approach in addressing the competition: it expanded both OLTL and GH to 45 minutes, with each composing a half of a 90-minute block between 2:30/1:30 and 4/3. Beginning on July 26, 1976, OLTL assumed the first position, at 2:30/1:30. ABC bet its hopes on viewers staying tuned past the half hour, making them unlikely to switch channels to AW or All in the Family reruns on CBS (for GH fans, turning to Match Game).
As OLTL struggled, its neighbor, GH, was in danger of cancellation after a 15-year run. This approach showed some promise, until November 7, 1977, when ABC and CBS expanded both General Hospital and Guiding Light to a full hour. So, in a "make it or break it" ultimatum to OLTL, ABC finally gave an hour to one show, on January 16, 1978, with OLTL occupying the 2-3/1-2 slot; The $20,000 Pyramid, which enjoyed three solid years of success at 2/1, got dispatched to Noon/11 AM for the rest of its ABC run, to make room for OLTL.
This proved to be decisive for the long-term survival of both shows, as GH rose rapidly to the top spot in the Nielsens through its brash, youthful storylines (culminating in the hugely popular "Luke and Laura" storyline by 1979-1980). As for OLTL, from its tenth birthday onward, it took advantage of the decline in quality and popularity of its competitors, all Procter and Gamble productions. Search for Tomorrow, for instance, spent its last several months on CBS against the last half of OLTL. Its replacement, Capitol, which ran from 1982 to 1987, did little better, and after its cancellation, CBS aligned As the World Turns against OLTL and AW, a configuration that stayed in place until AW's cancellation in 1999. During the 2000s, OLTL run about even with ATWT, with NBC's AW replacement Passions trailing significantly.
One Life to Live enjoyed fair-to-middling ratings throughout most of its first decade, but rose rapidly as it entered its second year, along with the rest of ABC's daytime lineup. The 1980s saw the show reach the height of its popularity, occupying a top-four place for almost all of the decade. Since 1991, it returned to the middle of the pack, but its numbers declined, in common with all other soaps. By decade's end, the show rested near the bottom of the ratings pack, and continues to hover around the lower reaches of the weekly ratings today, at least in terms of total number of viewers; however, the show does tend to rank in the mid-range for the target demographic of women aged 18–49, often higher than sister show All My Children.  Even since the cancellation announcement made in April 2011, One Life to Live has beaten General Hospital on a regular basis in overall figure, although General Hospital continues to lead One Life to Live in the key demographic, usually prioritized by daytime networks, of women between 18 and 49 years old. 
Executive producers and head writers
Duration Name January 2003 to present Frank Valentini January 2001 to December 2002 Gary Tomlin December 1997 to January 2001 Jill Farren Phelps October 1996 to December 1997 Maxine Levinson July 1994 to October 1996 Susan Bedsow Horgan July 1991 to June 1994 Linda Gottlieb August 1984 to June 1991 Paul Rauch August 1983 to July 1984 Jean Arley July 1977 to August 1983 Joseph Stuart July 1968 to July 1977 Doris Quinlan
Duration Name(s) May 2, 2008 to present Ron Carlivati February 15, 2008 to May 1, 2008 Gary Tomlin (During WGA strike) September 11, 2007 to February 14, 2008 Ron Carlivati May 8, 2007 to September 10, 2007 Dena Higley
December 13, 2004 to May 7, 2007 Dena Higley November 29, 2004 to December 10, 2004 Brian Frons
March 23, 2004 to November 24, 2004 Michael Malone March 10, 2003 to March 22, 2004 Josh Griffith
February 3, 2003 to March 7, 2003 Josh Griffith January 2001 to January 31, 2003 Lorraine Broderick
September 1999 to March 2001 Megan McTavish January 1999 to September 1999 No Headwriter credited March 30, 1998 to December 31, 1998 Pamela K. Long June 1997 to March 29, 1998 Claire Labine
December 1996-June 1997 Jean Passanante
April 1996 to December 1996 Leah Laiman
March 1995 to March 1996 Michael Malone January 1992 to February 1995 Josh Griffith
August 1991 to January 1992 Michael Malone May 1991 to August 1991 Craig Carlson September 1990 to May 1991 Craig Carlson
July 1987 to July 1990 S. Michael Schnessel July 1984 to June 1987 Peggy O'Shea December 1983 to June 1984 Sam Hall
June 1983 to December 1983 John William Corrington
February 1983 to June 1983 Henry Slesar July 1982 to January 1983 Sam Hall
March 1980 to May 1982 Sam Hall
November 1978 to March 1980 Gordon Russell
September 1973 to October 1978 Gordon Russell August 1972 to September 1973 Agnes Nixon
July 1968 to July 1972 Agnes Nixon
One Life to Live currently does not air on any of the three major Canadian broadcasting networks, but did aired in CBC Television from 1992 to 1998. OLTL currently airs on Bell Media's A system at 1PM local time. The series was previously broadcast on Joytv and the Citytv stations in Calgary (CKAL-TV), Edmonton (CKEM-TV), and Winnipeg (CHMI-TV); and in Ontario on Sun TV. One Life to Live also has been available on Canadian households directly through ABC since its debut in 1968 and continues to be the case.
In Italy One Life to Live, under the title Una vita da vivere, aired in the afternoon from November 1982 to September 1985 on Canale 5 (1978-1981 US episodes). The series returned with new episodes in July 1988, this time on Rete 4 in the afternoon. In September 1989 it was moved to 8.30 am, and stopped airing in June 1991 (1984 UU episodes). Reruns aired from 1987 to 1990 on Italia 7 and briefly in 1994 on Tivù Italia.
130 episodes of One Life to Live from 1980-1981 were broadcast under the title Solo se vive una vez on Spain's TVE1 at 11.30 am starting on August 11, 1986.
In Israel One Life to Live debuted in 1994 on Channel 3 weekdays at 18:00 with the Marty Saybrooke gang rape storyline (US: 1993). It went off the air in 1998. In Summer 1999 the series was relaunched in prime time on the telenovela channel Viva (21:00), starting where the previous run of episodes had left off (US 1997 episodes). In 2001 One Life to Live was relocated again, this time to Yes Channel 3 satellite. It went off the air in May 2002 (2001 US episodes). In Israel, the show was named "לחיות את החיים" (Likhiot Et Hakhayim) - meaning "Living The Life".
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- ^ a b "SOAP STAR STATS: Erika Slezak (Viki, OLTL)". SoapOperaDigest.com. http://www.soapoperadigest.com/soapstarstats/erikaslezakbio/. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
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- ^ http://articles.latimes.com/2011/apr/15/business/la-fi-ct-soaps-20110415
- ^ a b c http://abc.go.com/site/abcdaytimenews
- ^ http://tvbythenumbers.zap2it.com/2011/07/07/its-official-abc-licenses-all-my-children-and-one-life-to-live-to-prospect-park-series-to-continue-online/97445/
- ^ http://insidetv.ew.com/2011/11/18/one-life-to-live-exclusive-final-taping-abc/
- ^ a b http://www.reuters.com/article/2011/09/28/idUS273846887220110928
- ^ Waggett, Gerard J. (July 15, 2008). "First Impressions". One Life to Live 40th Anniversary Trivia Book. Hyperion. pp. 1–2. ISBN 978-1-4013-2309-7.
- ^ Murray, Jesse (June 10, 2008). "Marty Saybrooke 101". SOAPnet.com (Google cache). http://google.com/search?q=cache:gr5SQftnTNQJ:soapnet.go.com/soapnet/article/path-articleNum_6117/category_shows. Retrieved June 26, 2009.
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- ^ a b c d Logan, Michael (June 11, 2008). "Soaps News: One Life Celebrates No. 40 with Blasts from the Past". TVGuide.com. http://community.tvguide.com/blog-entry/TVGuide-Editors-Blog/Soaps-News/Life-Live-40th/800041323. Retrieved August 5, 2008.
- ^ a b c One Life to Live recap (7/21/08, 40th Anniversary) - Soaps.com
- ^ a b One Life to Live recap (7/22/08, 40th Anniversary) - Soaps.com
- ^ One Life to Live recaps (1990, Part 3) - ABC.com
- ^ One Life to Live recap (7/31/08) - ABC.com
- ^ "One Life to Live Summary: Flashback to 1988". Soap Opera Digest. August 5, 2008 (Vol. 33, No. 32). pp. 98.
- ^ "The Best & Worst of 2008". Soap Opera Digest. December 16, 2008 (Vol. 33, No. 51). pp. 84.
- ^ Murray, Jesse (August 4, 2009). "Huge All My Children and One Life to Live News". SOAPnet.com. http://sn.soapnet.go.com/news/article/huge-all-my-children-and-one-life-to-live-news. Retrieved August 27, 2009.
- ^ a b Marikar, Sheila (August 4, 2009). "All My Children, One Life to Live Moving to New Production Facilities". ABCNews.com. http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/Television/story?id=8247876&page=1. Retrieved August 27, 2009.
- ^ http://www.soapcentral.com/oltl/news/2009/1012-hidef.php
- ^ http://www.soapcentral.com/oltl/news/2010/1026-16x9.php
- ^ http://www.soapcentral.com/oltl/news/2009/0928-cancellation.php?printonly=yes
- ^ Verrier, Richard (14 April 2011). "Jobs will go down drain with cancellation of ABC soaps". The Losangeles Times. http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/entertainmentnewsbuzz/2011/04/soaps.html. Retrieved 14 April 2011.
- ^ Zap2it Inside the Box: "Hoover pulls ads from ABC due to cancellation of 'All My Children' and 'One Life to Live'", April 19, 2011.
- ^ Deadline: "Hoover Pulls ABC Advertising In Protest Over Cancellations Of Soaps 'AMC' & 'OLTL'", April 18, 2011.
- ^ Hoover's official Facebook page: "To Our Loyal ABC Soap Fans", April 18, 2011.
- ^ http://tvbythenumbers.zap2it.com/2011/07/07/its-official-abc-licenses-all-my-children-and-one-life-to-live-to-prospect-park-series-to-continue-online/97445/
- ^ a b c Tedeschi, Bob (May 13, 2002). "E-Commerce Report; Recent snafus at the online shops of TV networks have barely dimmed the glow of merchandising on the Web". The New York Times (NYTimes.com): p. 8 (Section C). http://www.nytimes.com/2002/05/13/business/e-commerce-report-recent-snafus-online-shops-tv-networks-have-barely-dimmed-glow.html. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- ^ a b Schmader, David (May 9, 2002). "Last Days: The Week in Review". The Stranger. TheStranger.com. http://www.thestranger.com/seattle/Content?oid=10762. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- ^ "Todd Doll Gets Ragged On!". Soaps In Depth. June 11, 2002.
- ^ a b "Billy Crystal, Alan Cumming, The Daily Show with Jon Stewart, Bad Education, People en Español Honored at 16th Annual GLAAD Media Awards". GLAAD.org. March 29, 2005. http://archive.glaad.org/publications/archive_detail.php?id=3795. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- ^ OLTL's GLAAD Media Award was a result of the 2004 coming out storyline of gay character Mark Solomon (Matt Cavenaugh).
- ^ a b c d Warn, Sarah (May 18, 2005). "Gay Villains Back with a Vengeance on Network TV". AfterElton.com. http://www.afterellen.com/archive/elton/TV/2005/5/gayvillains.html. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- ^ West, Abby (May 5, 2005). "Killer Plotline: Soap follows up GLAAD award by outing gay killer.". Entertainment Weekly. EW.com. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,1058487,00.html. Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- ^ a b Logan, Michael (July 2, 2009). "Soaps: The Gays of Summer". TVGuideMagazine.com. http://tvguidemagazine.com/soaps/the-gays-of-summer-1584.html. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
- ^ a b Fairman, Michael (July 2, 2009). "Soapside: Advocate 's Guide to Daytime". Advocate.com. http://www.advocate.com/exclusive_detail_ektid95502.asp?page=2. Retrieved July 2, 2009.
- ^ "Comings and Goings: OLTL Casting Controversy!". Soap Opera Digest. July 21, 2009 (Vol. 34, No. 29). pp. 19.
- ^ http://michaelfairmansoaps.com/news/breaking-news-frank-valentini-signs-on-to-ep-oltl-at-prospect-park-named-vp-serial-dramas-for-online-venture/2011/09/16/
- ^ http://michaelfairmansoaps.com/news/new-developments-is-prospect-park-going-to-put-all-my-children-one-life-to-live-on-cable-tv/2011/08/03/
- ^ http://www.deadline.com/2011/08/amc-star-susan-lucci-mulling-offer-to-continue-on-the-show-as-it-moves-online
- ^ Brooks Barnes (5 October 2011). "Rebirth for Soap Operas, and a Career". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/06/business/media/using-soap-operas-jeff-kwatinetz-plans-an-online-tv-network.html?_r=1. Retrieved 5 October 2011.
- ^ a b c d e http://www.deadline.com/2011/09/four-actors-sign-on-to-continue-on-oltl-while-susan-lucci-turns-down-amc-offer/
- ^ a b c d e http://www.tvline.com/2011/09/one-life-to-live-prospect-park-archer-carlivati/
- ^ http://www.soapoperadigest.com/content/more-oltl-cast-and-head-writer-join-toln
- ^ http://www.soapoperanetwork.com/news/exclusive-sean-ringgold-receives-contract-offer-from-prospect-park-teases-one-life-to-live-2-0
- ^ http://www.deadline.com/2011/09/four-actors-sign-on-to-continue-on-oltl-while-susan-lucci-turns-down-amc-offer/
- ^ a b c d e Waggett (2008). "Crossing the Line". OLTL 40th Anniversary Trivia Book. pp. 164–167.
- ^ "Daytime Emmy Winners & Nominees: 1993". SoapOperaDigest.com. http://www.soapoperadigest.com/Emmys/winners1993/index.html. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
- ^ a b Kroll, Dan J. (December 29, 2003). "OLTL News: Dano's Run as ABC's Rae About to End". SoapCentral.com. http://www.soapcentral.com/oltl/news/2003/1229-dano.php. Retrieved February 19, 2009.
- ^ "Who's Who in Llanview: Rae Cummings". SoapCentral.com. http://www.soapcentral.com/oltl/whoswho/rae.php. Retrieved February 19, 2009.
- ^ Angulo, Sandra P. (June 25, 1999). "Soap Dish". Entertainment Weekly. EW.com. http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,84474,00.html. Retrieved February 19, 2009.
- ^ Kroll, Dan J. (April 1, 2002). "Angela Shapiro to Leave ABC Daytime Post". SoapCentral.com. http://www.soapcentral.com/soapcentral/news/2002/0401-shapiro.php. Retrieved February 19, 2009.
- ^ a b Kroll, Dan J. (November 12, 2003). "AMC News: ABC Plans AMC, OLTL Crossovers". SoapCentral.com. http://www.soapcentral.com/amc/news/2003/1117-crossovers.php. Retrieved February 19, 2009.
- ^ Levinsky, Mara. "All My Children Features: It's A Girl!". SoapOperaDigest.com. http://www.soapoperadigest.com/features/all-my-children/articles/its_a_girl/index.html. Retrieved February 19, 2009.
- ^ Rabinowitz, Naomi (February 24, 2009). "Babes 'N' Switch: Double Trouble (AMC/OLTL 2004–2005)". Soap Opera Digest. (Vol. 34, No. 8). pp. 72–75.
- ^ "21st Annual GLAAD Media Awards - English Language Nominees". GLAAD.org. January 13, 2010. http://www.glaad.org/mediaawards/21/nominees. Retrieved February 18, 2010.
- ^ "One Life to Live: Gay Storyline On The Horizon!". Soaps.com. June 16, 2009. http://www.soaps.com/onelifetolive/news/4551/One_Life_to_Live_Gay_Storyline_On_The_Horizon. Retrieved July 21, 2009.
- ^ Ozanich, David (June 24, 2009). "Gay Pride in Llanview". Soapnet.com. http://sn.soapnet.go.com/news/article/gay-pride-llanview. Retrieved July 25, 2009.
- ^ "Daytime Emmy Winners & Nominees: 1979". SoapOperaDigest.com. http://www.soapoperadigest.com/Emmys/winners1979/index.html. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
- ^ "Daytime Emmy Winners & Nominees: 1983". SoapOperaDigest.com. http://www.soapoperadigest.com/Emmys/winners1983/index.html. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
- ^ "Daytime Emmy Winners & Nominees: 1980". SoapOperaDigest.com. http://www.soapoperadigest.com/Emmys/winners1980/index.html. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
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- ^ "Daytime Emmy Winners & Nominees: 1984". SoapOperaDigest.com. http://www.soapoperadigest.com/Emmys/winners1984/index.html. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
- ^ "Daytime Emmy Winners & Nominees: 1986". SoapOperaDigest.com. http://www.soapoperadigest.com/Emmys/winners1986/index.html. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
- ^ a b "Daytime Emmy Winners & Nominees: 1992". SoapOperaDigest.com. http://www.soapoperadigest.com/Emmys/winners1992/index.html. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
- ^ "Daytime Emmy Winners & Nominees: 1995". SoapOperaDigest.com. http://www.soapoperadigest.com/Emmys/winners1995/index.html. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
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- ^ "Daytime Emmy Winners & Nominees: 2005". SoapOperaDigest.com. http://www.soapoperadigest.com/Emmys/winners2005/index.html. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
- ^ a b c "Daytime Emmy Winners & Nominees: 1994". SoapOperaDigest.com. http://www.soapoperadigest.com/Emmys/winners1994/index.html. Retrieved February 20, 2009.
- ^ Martin, Ed (August 31, 2009). "Daytime Emmys 2009: The Beginning of the End?". The Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/ed-martin/daytime-emmys-2009-the-be_b_272870.html. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- ^ Soapoperanetwork.com
- ^ http://generalhospital.about.com/b/2011/08/12/one-life-to-live-big-ratings-winner.htm
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