Princess Augusta of Hesse-Cassel


Princess Augusta of Hesse-Cassel

Infobox British Royalty|royal
name =Princess Augusta of Hesse-Cassel
title =Duchess of Cambridge
spouse =Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge
issue =Prince George, Duke of Cambridge
Augusta of Cambridge
Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge


imgw =198
caption =William Beechey: "Augusta, Duchess of Cambridge", 1818
full name =Augusta Wilhelmina Louisa
titles ="HRH" The Duchess of Cambridge
"HH" Princess Augusta of Hesse-Cassel
royal house =House of Hanover
House of Hesse-Kassel
father =Prince Frederick of Hesse
mother =Princess Caroline Polyxene of Nassau-Usingen
date of birth =birth date|1797|7|25|df=y
place of birth =Rumpenheim Castle, Kassel
date of death =Death date and age|1889|4|6|1797|7|25|df=yes
place of death =St. James's Palace, Pall Mall, London |

Princess and Landgravine Augusta of Hesse-Cassel ( _de. Auguste Wilhelmine Luise von Hessen-Kassel; 25 July 1797 – 6 April 1889) was the consort of Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge, the tenth-born child, and seventh son, of George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The longest-lived daughter-in-law of George III, she was the maternal grandmother of Mary of Teck, queen consort to George V.

Early life

"Her Highness" Princess and Landgravine Augusta of Hesse-Cassel, third daughter of Prince Frederick of Hesse, and his wife, Princess Caroline Polyxene of Nassau-Usingen, was born at Rumpenheim Castle, Kassel, Hesse. Through her father, she was a great-granddaughter of George II of Great Britain. Her father's older brother was the Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. In 1803, her uncle's title was raised to Elector of Hesse — whereby the entire Kassel branch of the Hesse dynasty gained an upward notch in hierarchy.

Marriage

On 7 May, in Kassel, and then, again, on 1 June 1818 at Buckingham Palace, Princess Augusta married her second cousin, the Duke of Cambridge, when she was 21 and he 43. Upon their marriage, Augusta gained the style "HRH" The Duchess of Cambridge. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge had three children.

From 1818 until the accession of Queen Victoria, and the separation of the British and Hanoverian crowns in 1837, the Duchess of Cambridge lived in Hanover, where the Duke served as viceroy on behalf of his brothers, George IV and William IV. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge returned to Great Britain, where they lived at Cambridge Cottage, Kew, and later at St. James's Palace. The Duchess of Cambridge survived her husband by thirty-nine years, dying at the age of ninety-one.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

*25 July 17977 May 1818: "Her Serene Highness" Princess Augusta Wilhelmina Louisa of Hesse [LondonGazette|issue=17365|date=2 June 1818|startpage=997]
*7 May 1818 – 6 April 1889: "Her Royal Highness" The Duchess of Cambridge

References

Ancestry

Issue

The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge had three children:


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