Robert V. Jackson

Robert V. Jackson

Robert Victor Jackson (born 24 September 1946) is a politician in the United Kingdom. He was Member of Parliament for Wantage from 1983 to 2005, having been elected as a Conservative; however, he joined the Labour Party in 2005.

He was raised in Nkana, Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) and educated at Falcon College in Rhodesia and St Edmund Hall, Oxford, where he rose to the presidency of the Oxford Union. He was then elected to a fellowship of All Souls College, Oxford, one of the UK's most prestigious academic distinctions. Jackson is married to Caroline Jackson, a Member of the European Parliament. He had worked as a political advisor to senior ministers prior to being elected and also as political advisor to the Governor of Rhodesia during its transition to independent Zimbabwe. He edited the "Round Table Journal" from 1970 to 1974.

In the October 1974 general election, Jackson stood in Manchester Central without success. In European Parliament election in 1979 he was elected as a Member of the European Parliament (MEP) for Upper Thames. At the 1983 general election, he was elected to the House of Commons as MP for Wantage. He was subsequently appointed as a junior minister at the Department of Education and Science (1987-90), the Department of Employment (1990-92) and the Office of Public Service and Science (1992-93).

On January 15, 2005, he defected to the Labour Party, claiming that the Tories under Michael Howard had "incoherent" policies on public services, "dangerous" views on Europe, and had "wobbled" on the issue of Iraq. He had been on the liberal and pro-European wing of the Conservatives, one of the few of that Party's MPs who supported the reduction in the age of consent for gay men. He has been treasurer of the Conservative Mainstream association and supported Ken Clarke in the 2001 Leadership election.

Prior to defecting, Jackson had indicated he would not stand in the forthcoming general election, following Iain Duncan-Smith's election as Conservative Leader, and he duly stepped down in April 2005. In the 2005 general election, he was succeeded by Ed Vaizey, a prominent conservative columnist and pundit, the candidate selected by the local Conservative Association.

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