Ferdinand Georg Frobenius

Ferdinand Georg Frobenius

Infobox Scientist
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birth_date = October 26, 1849
birth_place = Charlottenburg
death_date = August 3, 1917
death_place = Berlin
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nationality = German
ethnicity =
field = mathematics
work_institutions = University of Berlin
ETH Zurich
alma_mater = University of Göttingen
University of Berlin
doctoral_advisor = Weierstrass
doctoral_students =
known_for = differential equations group theory Cayley-Hamilton theorem
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influences =
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Ferdinand Georg Frobenius (October 26, 1849August 3, 1917) was a German mathematician, best-known for his contributions to the theory of differential equations and to group theory. He also gave the first full proof for the Cayley-Hamilton theorem.

Frobenius was born in Charlottenburg, a suburb of Berlin, and was educated at the University of Berlin. His thesis was on the solution of differential equations, under the direction of Weierstrass. After its completion in 1870, he taught in Berlin for a few years before receiving an appointment at the Polytechnicum in Zurich (now ETH Zurich). In 1893 he returned to Berlin, where he was elected to the Prussian Academy of Sciences.

Contributions to group theory

Group theory was one of Frobenius' principal interests in the second half of his career. One of his first notable contributions was the proof of the Sylow theorems for abstract groups. Earlier proofs had been for permutation groups. His proof of the first Sylow theorem (on the existence of Sylow groups) is one of those frequently used today.

More important was his creation of the theory of group characters and group representations, which are fundamental tools for studying the structure of groups. This work led to the notion of Frobenius reciprocity and the definition of what are now called Frobenius groups. He alsomade fundamental contributions to the character theory of the symmetric groups.

Contributions to number theory

Frobenius introduced a canonical way of turning primes into conjugacy classes in Galois groups over Q. Specifically, if "K"/Q is a finite Galois extension then to each (positive) prime "p" which does not ramify in "K" and to each prime ideal "P" lying over "p" in "K" there is a unique element "g" of Gal("K"/Q) satisfying the condition "g"("x") = "x""p" (mod "P") for all integers "x" of "K". Varying "P" over "p" changes "g" into a conjugate (and every conjugate of "g" occurs in this way), so the conjugacy class of "g" in the Galois group is canonically associated to "p". This is called the Frobenius conjugacy class of "p" and any element of the conjugacy class is called a Frobenius element of "p". If we take for "K" the "m"th cyclotomic field, whose Galois group over Q is the units modulo "m" (and thus is abelian, so conjugacy classes become elements), then for "p" not dividing "m" the Frobenius class in the Galois group is "p" mod "m". From this point of view, the distribution of Frobenius conjugacy classes in Galois groups over Q (or, more generally, Galois groups over any number field) generalizes Dirichlet's classical result about primes in arithmetic progressions. The study of Galois groups of infinite-degree extensions of Q depends crucially on this construction of Frobenius elements, which provides in a sense a dense subset of elements which are accessible to detailed study.

ee also


*Frobenius algebra
*Frobenius conjecture
*Frobenius endomorphism (also known as "Frobenius morphism")
*Frobenius method
*Frobenius norm
*Frobenius normal form
*Frobenius number
*Frobenius polynomial
*Frobenius pseudoprime
*Frobenius theorem (differential topology)
*Frobenius theorem (real division algebras)
*Frobenius-Schur indicator
*Cauchy-Frobenius lemma
*Perron–Frobenius theorem

External links

*MacTutor Biography|id=Frobenius
*


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Ferdinand Georg Frobenius — (* 26. Oktober 1849 in Berlin; † 3. August 1917 in Charlottenburg, heute ein Ortsteil von Berlin) war ein deutscher Mathematiker. Inhaltsverzeic …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferdinand Georg Frobenius — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Frobenius. Ferdinand Georg Frobenius. Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, connu aussi sous le nom de Georg Frobenius, né le 26 octobre& …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferdinand Georg Frobenius — Foto de F.G.Frobenius. Ferdinand Georg Frobenius (Charlottemburg 26 de octubre de 1849 Berlín 3 de agosto 1917) Matemático alemán reconocido por sus aportes a la teoría de las ecuaciones diferenciales y a la teoría de grupos; también por su… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Georg Frobenius — Ferdinand Georg Frobenius (* 26. Oktober 1849 in Berlin; † 3. August 1917 in Charlottenburg, heute ein Ortsteil von Berlin) war ein deutscher Mathematiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georg Frobenius — Ferdinand Georg Frobenius Pour les articles homonymes, voir Frobenius. Ferdinand Georg Frobenius. Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, connu aussi sous le nom de Georg Froben …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frobenius — ist der Familienname von Persönlichkeiten, die der fränkisch thüringischen und schweizerischen Verleger und Beamtenfamilie Frobenius angehören, die auch einige bekannte Gelehrte hervorbrachte. Am bekanntesten daraus sind der Mathematiker… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georg Ferdinand Frobenius — Ferdinand Georg Frobenius (* 26. Oktober 1849 in Berlin; † 3. August 1917 in Charlottenburg, heute ein Ortsteil von Berlin) war ein deutscher Mathematiker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Georg Ferdinand Frobenius — Ferdinand Georg Frobenius Pour les articles homonymes, voir Frobenius. Ferdinand Georg Frobenius. Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, connu aussi sous le nom de Georg Froben …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Frobenius — can be*Frobenius Orgelbyggeri, Danish organ building firm*Ferdinand Georg Frobenius (1849 1917), mathematician ** Frobenius algebra ** Frobenius endomorphism ** Frobenius inner product ** Frobenius norm ** Frobenius method ** Frobenius group… …   Wikipedia

  • Frobenius — puede referirse a: Johannes Frobenius, nombre latino de Johann Froben (c.1460 1527), impresor y pintor de Basilea. Ferdinand Georg Frobenius (1849 1917), matemático alemán, quien dio nombre a: el teorema de Frobenius (álgebra). el teorema de… …   Wikipedia Español


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