- Jogo do Pau
Jogo do Pau ("stick fencing", or literally "stick (or staff) game") is a Portuguese
martial artwhich developed in the northern regions of Portugal( Minhoand Trás-os-Montes), focusing on the use of a staff of fixed measures and characteristics. The origins of this martial art are uncertain, but whatever its origins, its purpose was primarily self-defence. It was also used to settle accounts, disputes and matters of honor between individuals, families, and even villages. While popular in the northern mountains, elsewhere it was practically unknown and those who did practise it were taught by masters from the north.
The popularity of this martial art was partly due to the demeanor of the northern folk, who valued personal and family honor enough to kill for it. It was also due in no small part to the relative ease of obtaining a staff as well as the versatility of such a tool: a staff or stick was almost universally present, used as a support for the long daily walks, to help cross the rivers, by the shepherds to protect the cattle from wild animals, and so on. There are references to this martial art being used by the guerrilla against the troops of
Napoleonthat were occupying Portugalduring the Napoleonic Wars.
, growing into a sportive competition, removed from actual combat. It was practiced in clubs such as the Ginásio Clube Português and the Ateneu Comercial de Lisboa.
In the 20th century, the practice of the "jogo do pau" suffered a quick decline due to the migrations from rural areas to the cities, and the greater ease in access to firearms. The players born between 1910 and 1930 were the last generation to experience the flowering of the sport. The memories of this generation provided a continuity in the 1970s, when the sport was revived. The driving force of this revival was
Mestre Pedro Ferreira, followed by his student Nuno Corvello Russowho dedicated his life's ambition to Jogo do Pau, frequently visiting the North of Portugal, getting acquainted with surviving variants there, especially with the school of Cabeceiras de Basto. He studied at the Ateneu Comercial de Lisboa, whose master is now Mestre Manuel Monteiro. Today, the sport is still rather marginal in Portugal, but there is a stable number of practitioners organized in two federations: the Federação Portuguesa de Jogo do Pau and the Federação Nacional do Jogo do Pau Português. This art is also practised in the Açores.
Juego del Palo
Ball de bastons
* [http://www.jogodopauacores.com/index_EN.aspx Jogo do Pau Azores Club]
* [http://appex.blogspot.com/2006/05/jogo-do-pau-portugus.html Jogo do Pau Photos] (Portuguese)
* [http://ejmas.com/jmanly/articles/2003/jmanlyart_wolfcosta_0203.htm Jogo do Pau - Origins and Evolution]
* [http://home.dbio.uevora.pt/~oliveira/Jogo_Pau/J_Pau.htm Jogo do Pau] by Paulo de Oliveira
* [http://www.arscives.com/jogodopau/default.htm The Portuguese Staff]
* [http://videosmarciais.wordpress.com/2006/10/25/jogo-do-pau-ii/ Jogo do Pau - filme 4]
* [http://videosmarciais.wordpress.com/2006/10/25/jogo-do-pau-i/ Jogo do Pau in the First World War - filme 5]
* [http://www.jogodopauportugues.com/ Jogo do Pau português - informações, onde treinar etc.]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Jogo do pau — Jogo do pau. Jogo do pau (deutsch: wörtlich Spiel des Stockes, frei Stockfechten) ist eine alte, portugiesische Form des Stockkampfes. Der Ursprung dieses Kampfstiles liegt, unter anderem, in der mittelalterlichen Fechtkunst, gleichwohl im Laufe… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jogo Do Pau — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Pau (homonymie). Le Jogo Do Pau (ou bâton portugais) est un art martial portugais qui se pratique avec un bâton: Le Pau. Sommaire 1 Caractéristiques du Pau (bâton) 2 … Wikipédia en Français
Jogo do pau — Exhibición de jogo do pau en la calle. El Jogo do Pau (en español juego de palo) es un sistema tradicional de combate portugués, un arte marcial. Enlaces externos Jogo do Pau filme 1 … Wikipedia Español
pau-ferro — |é| s. m. 1. Árvore que dá madeira muito resistente. 2. [Portugal: Trás os Montes] Jogo que consiste em lançar o mais longe possível uma barra de ferro … Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa
pau-mandado — s. m. 1. Indivíduo sempre às ordens para tudo o que lhe mandem fazer. • paus mandados s. m. pl. 2. Jogo popular executado com arcos que se arremessam com o auxílio de dois pauzinhos … Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa
Férias Frustradas do Pica-Pau — Infobox VG title = Férias Frustradas do Pica Pau developer = Tec Toy publisher = Tec Toy released = vgrelease|Brazil|BRA|1996 genre = Platform modes = Single player platforms = Sega Mega Drive Sega Master System media = 1Mb ROM cartridge Férias… … Wikipedia
Sport in Portugal — Football is the most popular and practised sport in Portugal. Other than football, many other professional or semi professional well organized sport competitions take place every season in Portugal, including basketball, swimming, athletics,… … Wikipedia
Quarterstaff — A quarterstaff is a medieval English weapon, consisting of a shaft of hardwood, sometimes with metal reinforced tips. The name is also used for the fighting staves of other cultures, such as the Japanese bō , Chinese gùn , or French bâton .… … Wikipedia
List of martial arts — There are a large number of distinct styles and schools of martial arts. Sometimes, schools or styles are introduced by individual teachers or masters, or as a brand name by a specific gym. Martial arts can be grouped by type or focus, or… … Wikipedia
Culture of Portugal — A 19th century Portuguese couple with typical rural clothes from Minho province, in a Singer sewing machine advertisement card, distributed at World Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893. The culture of Portugal is the result of a complex flow of… … Wikipedia