- John Webb (architect)
John Webb (
1611- 24 October 1672) was an English architect. He was born in Butley in Somersetand became son-in-law and personal assistant to fellow architect and theatre designer Inigo Jonesfrom 1628, having married Jones' niece Anne. Jones and Webb's joint credits include the Banqueting House at Whitehallin central London, and Wilton House(near Salisbury, Wiltshire) with its distinctive Single and Double Cube rooms.
Upon Jones' death in 1652, Webb inherited both a substantial fortune and library of drawings and designs, many of which dated back to Jones' influential travels to Italy.
In 1654 Webb designed the first classical
porticoon an English country house, at The Vynein Hampshire. In the Corinthian style, this portico stamps this older house as Palladian, 50 years before the birth of Lord Burlington.
Webb also designed Gunnersbury House in Ealing.
The two architects share a connection with
Greenwich, London. Webb designed King Charles Court in 1662, which later formed the first part of Greenwich Hospital, a short distance from the Queen's House, Jones' masterpiece at the foot of Greenwich Park. Webb also went on to design the enlargement of the Queen's House in 1662.
Further afield they also share a connection with
Kingston Lacy, a stately home in Dorsetwhere Webb supervised early works (c. 1660) on the building, following designs originally prepared by Jones.
Webb also designed the rebuild of
Belvoir Castlein Leicestershirebetween 1654 and 1668, and made alterations to Northumberland House.
Webb was also an amateur scholar. In 1655, he collaborated with Inigo Jones and Walter Charleton to produce a book about the
stonehenge. Ten years later, he published his own "Vindication of Stone-henge Restored". 1669 saw the appearance of his "An historical essay endeavoring a probability that the language of the Empire of China is the primitive language", the first treatise on the Chinese languagein any European language. Having never visited China or mastered the language, he based his essay on the travelogues of the Jesuitmissionaries.
* [http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/w-vh/w-visits/w-findaplace/w-thevyne/w-thevyne-history.htm The National Trust's history of The Vyne]
At the beginning of the Civil War,Inigo Jones left London to attend the King at Oxford.He was later in Basing House and captured at the end of the siege and storm.John Webb stayed in London having been appointed Deputy Surveyor by Inigo Jones.He acted as a spy for Charles the 1st,probably out of zeal rather than by appointment,and sent the plans of Londons new fortifications together with the number and location of the newly mounted guns.
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