Buratino ( _ru. Буратино) is the main character of the book "The Golden Key, or the Adventures of Buratino" by
Aleksey Nikolayevich Tolstoy. A loose Russian adaptation of Pinocchio, Buratino originated as a character in the commedia dell'arte(play of professional artists). The name Buratino is derived from the Italian "burattino", which means wooden puppet or doll. [ [http://dictionary.reverso.net/italian-english/burattino Dictionary Translation of Burattino] ] The book was published in 1936, and Buratino quickly became hugely popular among children in the Soviet Union, and remains so to this day (though present-day children are equally familiar with Buratino's Western counterpart). The story has been made into several films, including " The Adventures of Buratino" (1960).
According to Tolstoy, he had read
Pinocchioas a child, but, having lost the book, he started re-imagining it many years later in an attempt to come up with a series of bedside stories for his own children. The resulting story turned out to be so original and became so loved by the writer's children, that he decided to put it to paper and publish it.
Like Pinocchio, Buratino is a long nosed wooden puppet, which is where the similarities end. The plot of the story is completely original. According to the story, the puppet Buratino was carved by "Papa Carlo" from a log, and suddenly came to life. Upon creation, Buratino comes out long-nosed due to Papa Carlo's sloppy woodworking. Papa Carlo tries to shorten it, but Buratino resists. Papa Carlo then sells his only good jacket in order to buy
textbooksfor Buratino and sends him to school, However, the boy becomes distracted by an advertisement for a local puppet theater show, and sells his textbooks to buy a ticket to the show. There he befriends other puppets, but the evil puppetmaster "Karabas Barabas" wants to destroy him because Buratino disrupted the show. Karabas Barabas releases Buratino after he learns that Papa Carlo's home contains a secret door for which Karabas has been searching his entire life. A Golden Key that Karabas once possessed but later lost opens this secret door. Karabas releases Buratino and even gives him five gold coins, asking only that Buratino watch after his father's home and make sure they do not move. The story proceeds to tell of Buratino and his friends' hunt for the Golden Key, and their struggles against the evil Karabas, his loyal friend Duremar, as well as a couple of crooks: Alice the Foxand Basilio the Cat, who are after Buratino's coins.
*Buratino is a wooden puppet with long nose.
* Papa Carlo ( _ru. папа Карло), poor
barrel organplayer, who created Buratino.
* Giuseppe (Джузеппе), nicknamed "Giuseppe the Blue Nose" for always being drunk, is a
woodworkerand a friend of Carlo. He wanted to make a table leg from the talking log, but got scared and finally gave the log as a present to Papa Carlo.
* Karabas Barabas (Карабас-Барабас), the evil puppeter. He owns a
puppet theaterwith lots of marionettes, including Malvina, Pierrot, and Harlequin.
* Malvina (Мальвина), the beautiful female puppet with blue hair.
* Artemon (Артемон), Malvina's
* Pierrot (Пьеро), a sad puppet and a
poet, who is deeply in love with Malvina
* Harlequin (Арлекин), Pierrot's scene partner in Karabas' theatre. Usually mocks and beats Pierrot.
* Alice the Fox (Лиса Алиса) and Basilio the Cat (Кот Базилио), two canny swindlers.
* Tortilla the
Turtle(Черепаха Тортилла) gave to Buratino the Golden Key, which was lost by Karabas.
* Duremar (Дуремар) is a poor friend of Karabas Barabas who catches leeches for living and so disturbs Tortilla's pond.
Themes & Issues
References in Popular Culture
The name Buratino was and remains to be used on a variety of products and stores marketed to children in the ex-Soviet Union — most notable of these is the Buratino soft drink brand.
Buratino is also the nickname of the
TOS-1multiple launch rocket system, due to the big "nose" of the launcher.
Zolotoy Klyuchik, a 1939 movie combining live action and stop-motion animation.
Priklyucheniya Buratino, a 1959 cartoon.
Priklyucheniya Buratino, a 1975 TV film.
* [http://www.sunbirds.com/lacquer/readings/1098 Buratino at sunbirds.com]
Internet Movie Database:
** [http://akas.imdb.com/title/tt0032162/ 1939 film]
** [http://akas.imdb.com/title/tt0152066/ 1960 film]
** [http://akas.imdb.com/title/tt0073570/ 1975 film]
** [http://akas.imdb.com/title/tt0761879/ 1998 television episode] (same as 1960 film, but with American soundtrack and voices)
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