In-vessel composting

In-vessel composting

In-vessel composting is an industrial form of composting biodegradable waste that occurs in enclosed reactors. These generally consist of metal tanks or concrete bunkers in which air flow and temperature can be controlled. In-vessel composting can also refer to aerated static pile composting with the addition of removable covers that enclose the piles.

Offensive odours are caused by excess nitrogen or moisture. This may be controlled with a higher carbon to nitrogen ratio or increased aeration by ventilation, mixing, or by using a coarser grade of carbon material. Insects may be controlled by keeping the bin enclosed with the minimum size vents necessary for adequate air exchange. Insects outside the bin enter through the vents and tend to stay inside where the food is. A relatively dry layer of carbon material on top of the compost filters odors and, given adequate ventilation, maintains a moisture gradient that helps keep insects inside where the moisture is.

See also

*Aerated static pile composting
*Anaerobic digestion
*List of solid waste treatment technologies
*Mechanical biological treatment
*Waste management
*Windrow composting

External links

* [ Enclosed Composting Technology in trapezoid windrows]
* [ Enclosed Composting Technology in lanes]
* [ In-Vessel composting system]
* [ Composting Association UK]
* [ Ecodrum - Animal Mortality Management]
* [ Mobile, On-site, In-Vessel Organic Waste Management System: shopping centers, food courts, restaurants, resorts]
* [ In-vessel Composting Systems]
* [ Advanced In-Vessel Thermophilic and Vermi-Composting Systems]
* [ In-Vessel Gore-Tex Composting Technology]
* [ AC Composter Covered Pile System]

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