List of Roman aqueducts by date


List of Roman aqueducts by date

This is a list of Roman aqueducts listed in chronological order of their construction.

Ancient Rome

* Aqua Appia
** built in 312 B.C.
** source: springs convert|10|mi|km to the east of Rome
** length: convert|10|mi|km; underground from its source for convert|7|mi|km, then on arches for convert|3|mi|km to its terminus in the Forum Boarium in Campus Martius

* Aqua Anio Vetus
** built in 272 - 269 B.C.
** source: Anio (Aniene) River near Vicovaro, east of Rome
** length: convert|40|mi|km; underground channel of stone from its source to its terminus on the Viminal Hill

* Aqua Marcia
** built in 144 - 140 B.C.
** source: springs near Subiaco, east of Rome
** length: convert|56|mi|km; underground for convert|50|mi|km from its source, then on arches for convert|6|mi|km to its terminus on the Capitoline Hill
** later piped to the baths of Caracalla on the Caelian Hill by a branch called Aqua Antoniniana, then to the Aventine Hill and the Quirinal Hill

* Aqua Tepula
** built in 125 B.C.
** source: springs near Subiaco, east of Rome
** length: convert|11|mi|km; underground for convert|5|mi|km from its source, then on the same arches as those of the Aqua Marcia for convert|6|mi|km to its terminus on the Aventine Hill

* Aqua Julia
** built in 33 B.C.
** source: springs near Subiaco, east of Rome
** length: convert|14|mi|km; underground for convert|7|mi|km from its source, then on the same arches as those of the Aqua Marcia and Aqua Tepula to its terminus on the Aventine Hill

* Aqua Virgo
** built in 19 B.C.
** source: springs near Via Collatina, east of Rome
** length: convert|14|mi|km; underground for convert|7|mi|km from its source, then on arches for convert|7|mi|km to its terminus at the baths of Agrippa in Campus Martius

* Aqua Alsietina
** built in 2 B.C.
** source: Lake Alsietina, now Lake Martignano, northwest of Rome
** length: convert|14|mi|km; underground for 13 3/4 miles from its source, then on arches for 1/4-mile to its terminus at the Naumachia of Augustus in Transtiberim (Trastevere)

* Aqua Claudia
** built in A.D. 52
** source: springs in Subiaco, east of Rome
** length: convert|43|mi|km; underground for convert|34|mi|km from its source, then on arches for convert|9|mi|km to its terminus on the Caelian Hill
** later piped to the imperial palaces from the mid-first century on the Palatine Hill

* Aqua Anio Novus
** built in A.D. 52
** source: Anio (Aniene) River, east of Rome
** length: convert|54|mi|km; underground for convert|46|mi|km from its source, then on arches for convert|8|mi|km, entering Rome at Porta Maggiore, atop the channel of Aqua Claudia to its terminus on the Caelian Hill

* Aqua Trajana
** built in A.D. 109
** source: springs to the north of Lake Bracciano, northwest of Rome
** length: convert|35|mi|km; underground for convert|29|mi|km from its source, then on arches for convert|6|mi|km to its terminus on the Janiculum Hill

* Aqua Alexandrina
** built in A.D. 226
** source: the Pantano springs near Via Prenestina, east of Rome
** length: convert|14|mi|km; underground for convert|4|mi|km from its source, then on arches for convert|10|mi|km to its terminus at the baths of Alexander Severus in Campus Martius

Modern Rome

* Acqua Vergine Antica
** built in 1453
** source: springs in Salone, east of Rome
** length: convert|8|mi|km; underground from its source to its terminus at the fountain of Trevi on the Quirinal Hill

* Acqua Felice
** built in 1586
** source: springs at Pantano Borghese, off Via Casilina
** length: convert|15|mi|km; underground for convert|8|mi|km from its source, in the channel of Aqua Alexandrina, then alternating on the arches of the Aqua Claudia and the Aqua Marcia for convert|7|mi|km to its terminus at the fountain of Moses on the Quirinal Hill

* Acqua Paola
** built in 1611
** source: Lake Bracciano, northwest of Rome
** length: convert|20|mi|km; underground for convert|12|mi|km from its source, in the channel of Aqua Trajana, then on arches for convert|8|mi|km to its terminus at the fountain of Paul V on the Janiculum Hill,
** later piped to Vatican Hill

* Acqua Pia Antica Marcia
** built in 1870
** source: springs near Subiaco, east of Rome
** length: convert|56|mi|km; underground for convert|50|mi|km in the channel of Aqua Marcia, then on arches for convert|6|mi|km to its terminus at the fountain of the Naiads on the Viminal Hill

* Acqua Vergine Nuova
** built in 1937
** source: springs in Salone, east of Rome
** length: convert|8|mi|km; underground from its source to its terminus at the fountains in Piazza del Popolo and the fountains on the western slope of the Pincio, overlooking Piazza del Popolo

* Acqua Peschiera
** built in 1949
** source: springs in Sorgenti, northeast of Rome
** length: convert|60|mi|km; underground from its source, splitting into two branches:
*** "Peschiera Sinistra", approaching Rome from the east
*** "Peschiera Destra", taking a westward route, crossing the Tiber River at Poggio Mireto Scalo, about thirty miles north of Rome to its terminus at the fountain of Piazzale degli Eroi, just north of Vatican Hill

See also

* Aqueduct (Roman)
* Frontinus

References

* [http://www.iath.virginia.edu/rome Aquae Urbis Romae: The Waters of the City of Rome, Dr. Katherine Wentworth Rinne]
* "The Waters of Rome", H.V. Morton, published by The Connoisseur and Michael Joseph, London, 1966.

External links

* [http://www.maquettes-historiques.net/P9.html Models of Various Aqueducts of Ancient Rome]
* [http://www.roman-empire.net/maps/rome Routes of Various Aqueducts of Ancient Rome]
* [http://www.thais.it/citta_italiane/roma/fontane/fontane.htm Famous Fountains of Rome]
* [http://www.romeartlover.it/Fountain.html The Fountains of Rome (by Region)]
* [http://www.compart-multimedia.com/virtuale/us/roma/rome/renaissance_and_baroque/famous_squares_fountains/famous_squares_fountains.htm Famous Squares and Fountains of Rome]


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