Town hall
Town hall
Coat of arms of Suhl
Suhl is located in Germany
Coordinates 50°36′38″N 10°41′35″E / 50.61056°N 10.69306°E / 50.61056; 10.69306Coordinates: 50°36′38″N 10°41′35″E / 50.61056°N 10.69306°E / 50.61056; 10.69306
Country Germany
State Thuringia
District Urban district
Town subdivisions Town and 4 districts
Mayor Jens Triebel (Ind.)
Basic statistics
Area 102.70 km2 (39.65 sq mi)
Elevation 429-676 m
Population 38,776 (31 December 2010)[1]
 - Density 378 /km2 (978 /sq mi)
Other information
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Licence plate SHL
Postal codes 98501–98530
Area code 03681

Suhl is a town in Thuringia, Germany. Its population in 2003 was 43,610.



Suhl sits on the south edge of the Suhler Scholle, an upthrust granite complex that is streaked by numerous dikes. This is part of the Ruhla-Schleusingen Horst that defines the southwest side of the Thuringian Forest. The southwest side of the Suhler Scholle abuts horizontal sedimentary layers, Buntsandstein (sandstone from the Triassic period) over Zechstein (evaporite deposits from the Permian period). The granite of the Suhler Scholle is capped with Permian sediments and igneous deposits. The higher hills to the northeast are part of the Beerberg Scholle, an irregularly cracked mass of quartz porphyry from the later Permian period.[1][2]

A band of iron ores follows the fault dividing the Suhler Scholle from the sedimentary rocks to the southwest, while the copper and silver deposits are to the northeast in the Permian deposits above the Suhler Scholle. Southeast of town, there is a significant uranium deposit in the Buntsandstein.[3]

According to a local Thuringian joke, "Suhl is so close to the edge of the world you can see Zella-Mehlis".[citation needed] This illustrated the good natured rivalry between Suhl and Zella-Mehlis (another gun-making town). Suhl was located in what was then considered a remote part of Thuringia, with Zella-Mehlis just a short 6 km (3.73 mi) away.


First appearing in 1318, the coat of arms from 1365 shows two hammers, indicating the city's most important livelihood: metal processing. City rights were granted (confirmed) in 1527.

Suhl was capital of the southwestern GDR district "Bezirk Suhl" from 1952 to 1990.

Weapon industry

The metal processing of Suhl naturally led, during the Renaissance, to other major local industries, including gunsmithing and armoring. Suhl was a major producer of cannons throughout the seventeenth and subsequent centuries, and Suhl cannons were used by many European powers. A major arms company that was located in Suhl for almost 200 years was J.P. Sauer und Sohn GmbH, producer of hunting rifles, shotguns, and pistols, such as the Sauer 38H, until moving operations to Eckernförde at the end of WWII. Other prominent firearms manufacturers in Suhl included Simson, (also known as BSW and then Gustloff Werke under Nazi rule and Ernst Thälmann Suhl under Communist rule), and C.G. Haenel. The largest manufacturer producing firearms currently in Suhl is Merkel GmbH, who make both rifles and shotguns.

During the Cold War, the East German national shooting arena was located at Suhl, and hosted many top-level competitions, including the 1986 ISSF World Championships. Although surpassed in this respect in the unified Germany by the Olympic shooting centre at Munich, Suhl remains an important place to the sport. It hosts Germany's only school for armorers, and a well equipped museum of weapons.

Suhl became famous after division for building the Schwalbe moped.


From 2007 to 2009, Suhl was the location of the yearly Eurofurence convention, which was held at the city's Hotel Ringberg.

International relations

Suhl is twinned with:

See also



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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Suhl — Suhl …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Suhl — Suhl,   1) kreisfreie Stadt in Thür., 400 700 m über M., am Südwestrand des Thüringer Waldes, in den Tälern von Lauter (rechter Nebenfluss der Werra) und deren Fortsetzung Hasel, mit mehreren Ortsteilen (darunter die Erholungsorte Vesser und… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Suhl — Suhl, Stadt im Kreise Schleusingen des Regierungsbezirks Erfurt der preußischen Provinz Sachsen, an der Hasel u. am Fuße des Domberges mit dem Ottilienstein; Sitz eines Kreisgerichts, eines Untersteuer u. Postamts, Oberförsterei, Gewerberath, 2… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Suhl — Suhl, Stadt im preuß. Regbez. Erfurt, Kreis Schleusingen, am Südabhang des Thüringer Waldes, im Tale der Hasel und an der Staatsbahnlinie Plaue Ritschenhausen, 425 m ü. M., hat 2 evangelische und eine kath. Kirche, Synagoge, ein Rathaus, einen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Suhl — Suhl, Stadt im preuß. Reg. Bez. Erfurt, am südl. Thüringer Wald, an der Lauter, (1900) 12.622 (1905: 13.812) E., Amtsgericht, zwei Solquellen, Badeanstalt; Eisenindustrie, Porzellan , berühmte Gewehrfabrikation …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Suhl — (Stadt am SW Rand des Thüringer Waldes) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • Suhl — Wappen Deutschlandkarte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sühl — Dr. Klaus Sühl (* 28. September 1951 in Eddelstorf, Niedersachsen) ist Politikwissenschaftler und deutscher Politiker (DIE LINKE). Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ausbildung 2 Berufliche Laufbahn 3 OB Kandidat in Dresden …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Suhl — Armas Mapa Datos Básicos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Suhl — Original name in latin Suhl Name in other language Suhl, ZSO, Zul, Zul , jul, su er, sul, zul , zuru, zwl, Зул, Зуль State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 50.60911 latitude 10.69401 altitude 442 Population 43509 Date 2012 09 06 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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