- Isle of Purbeck
The Isle of Purbeck, not a true island but a
peninsula, is in the county of Dorset, England. It is bordered by the English Channelto the south and east, where steep cliffs fall to the sea; and by the marshy lands of the River Frome and Poole Harbourto the north. Its western boundary is less well defined, with some medieval sources placing it at Flowers Barrow above Worbarrow Bay[An inquisition taken at Corfe Castlein 1370 quotes a document that affirms "that the whole Isle of Purbeck is a warren of our lord the King and pertains to his said castle, and it extends from a path which is between Flouresberi and the wood of Wytewey and thence as far as Luggerford, from that to the bridge of Wareham, and so along the sea, in an easterly direction, to a place called the Castle of Stodland; thence by the sea-coast to the chapel of St Aldhalm, and from thence still by the sea-coast towards the west until it again reaches the aforesaid place of Flouresberi". Mentioned in cite book | last = Hyland | first = Paul | authorlink = Paul Hyland | title = Purbeck: The Ingrained Island | publisher = Victor Gollancz Ltd | date = 1978 | pages = 18 | isbn = 0-575-02440-2] . The most southerly point is " St Aldhelm's" or " St Alban's Head". It is suffering erosion problems along the coast.
The whole of the Isle of Purbeck lies within the local government district of Purbeck, which is named after it. However the district extends significantly further north and west than the traditional boundary of the Isle of Purbeck along the
The geology of the Isle is complex. It has two coastlines, Discordant along the east and Concordant along the south. The northern part is
Eocene clay(Barton beds), including significant deposits of Purbeck Ball Clay. Where the land rises to the sea there are several parallel strata of Jurassicrocks, including Portland limestone and the Purbeck beds. The latter include Purbeck Marble, a particularly hard limestonewhich is capable of being polished (although in geological terms it is not marble). A ridge of Cretaceous chalkruns along the peninsula creating the Purbeck Hills, part of the southern England Chalk Formationwhich includes Salisbury Plain, the Dorset Downsand the Isle of Wight. The cliffs here are some of the most spectacular in England, and of great geological interest, both for the rock types and variety of landforms, notably Lulworth Coveand Durdle Door, and the coast is part of the Jurassic coast World Heritage Sitebecause of the unique geology.
In the past quarrying of limestone was particularly concentrated around the western side of
Swanage, the villages of Worth Matraversand Langton Matravers, and the cliffs along the coast between Swanage and St. Aldhelm's Head. The "caves" at Tilly Whimare former quarries, and Dancing Ledge, Seacombe and Winspitare other cliff-edge quarries. Stone was removed from the cliff quarries either by sea, or using horse carts to transport large blocks to Swanage. Many of England's most famous cathedrals are adorned with Purbeck marble, and much of Londonwas rebuilt in Portland and Purbeck stone after the Great Fire of London.
By contrast, the principal ball clay workings were in the area between
Corfe Castleand Wareham. Originally the clay was taken by pack horseto wharves on the River Fromeand the south side of Poole Harbour. However in the first half of the 19th century the pack horses were replaced by horse drawn tramways. With the coming of the railway from Wareham to Swanage, most ball clay was dispatched by rail, often to the Potteries district of Staffordshire.
Quarrying still takes place in Purbeck, with both
Purbeck Ball Clayand limestones being transported from the area by road. There are now no functioning quarries of Purbeck Marble.
A number of Romano-British sites have been discovered and studied on the Isle of Purbeck, including a villa at Bucknowle Farm near Corfe Castle, excavated between 1976 and 1991. [Excavations on the Roman Villa at Bucknowle Farm, Corfe Castle, Summary of Work 1976-84, Dorset County Museum]
A large part of the district is now designated as an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB), but a portion of the coast around
Worbarrow Bayis still, after over 50 years, in the hands of the Army, and has not yet been acquired.
Other places of note are:
Swanage, at the southern end of the peninsula, is a seaside resort. At one time it was linked by a branch railway line from Wareham; this was closed in 1972, but has now reopened as the Swanage Railway, a heritage railway.
Studland: This is a seaside village in its own sandy bay. Nearby, lying off-shore from The Foreland (also Handfast Point), are the chalk stacks named Old Harry Rocks: "Old Harry and his Wife".
Poole Harbouris popular with yachtsmen; it contains Brownsea Island, the site of the first-ever Scout camp.
Corfe Castleis in the centre of the Isle, with its picturesque village named after it.
Langton Matravers, which was once the home of several boys preparatory schools until 2007 when the The Old Malthouseclosed.
KimmeridgeBay, with its fossil-rich Jurassic shale cliffs, and site of the oldest continually working oil well in the world.
* [http://www.soton.ac.uk/~imw/index.htm West, I., "The Geology of the Wessex Coast"]
* [http://www.steinsky.me.uk/Purbeck Photographs of the Isle of Purbeck]
* centred on Corfe Castle at Grid reference: SY 960 820.
* [http://www.nci-st-albans.org.uk National Coastwatch Institution St Alban's Head Website]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Isle of Purbeck — Fishermans ledge in Purbeck Gewässer Ärmelkanal … Deutsch Wikipedia
Isle of Purbeck — [ aɪl əv pəːbek], Halbinsel in der County Dorset, Südengland, fällt mit schroffen Kreidefelsen zum Ärmelkanal ab; ehemalige bedeutende Steinbrüche (»Purbeck Marmor«); Seebad Swanage … Universal-Lexikon
Isle of Purbeck — Sp Pèrbekas Ap Isle of Purbeck L p lis Jungtinėje Karalystėje (Anglijoje) … Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė
Purbeck Ball Clay — Mine … Deutsch Wikipedia
Purbeck Stone — and Corfe Castle Village Centre Purbeck Stone (deutsch Purbeck Stein) ist ein Sedimentgestein. Gewonnen wird es wie auch der Purbeck Marble hauptsächlich auf der Halbinsel Isle of Purbeck in der Grafschaft Dorset an der Südküste von England … Deutsch Wikipedia
Purbeck — may refer to:* Isle of Purbeck, a peninsula in the English county of Dorset * Purbeck (district), a local government district in the English county of Dorset * Purbeck Hills, a range of hills in the English county of Dorset * Purbeck Marble, a… … Wikipedia
Purbeck (district) — Purbeck is a local government district in Dorset, England. The district is named after the Isle of Purbeck, a peninsula that forms a large proportion of the district s area. However the district extends significantly further north and west than… … Wikipedia
Purbeck — /pûrˈbek/ adjective Of the Isle (really a peninsula) of Purbeck, in Dorset Purbeckˈian adjective (geology) Upper Jurassic (also noun) Purbeck marble or Purbeck stone noun A freshwater shelly limestone quarried in the Isle of Purbeck … Useful english dictionary
Purbeck Marble — is a fossiliferous limestone quarried in the Isle of Purbeck, a peninsula in south east Dorset, England.It is one of many kinds of Purbeck Limestone, deposited in the late Jurassic or early Cretaceous periods.Purbeck Marble is not a metamorphic… … Wikipedia
Purbeck Ball Clay — is a concentration of ball clay found on the Isle of Purbeck in the English county of Dorset.GeologyThe main concentration of ball clay in Dorset is to the north of the Purbeck Hills centred around Norden. Ball clays are sedimentary in origin.… … Wikipedia