Garrison


Garrison

Garrison (various spellings) (from the French "garnison", itself from the verb "garnir", "to equip") is the collective term for a body of troops stationed in a particular location, originally to guard it, of more than 50 men, but now often simply using it as a home base. The station is usually a city, town, fort, castle or similar. For example, the 1st Battalion, 1st Infantry (U.S.) is garrisoned at West Point. Garrison town is a common expression for any town that has a military barracks.

In the modern British Army, "garrison" also specifically refers to any of the major military stations such as Aldershot, Catterick, Colchester, Tidworth, Warminster and London, which have more than one barracks or camp and their own military headquarters, usually commanded by a Colonel, Brigadier or Major-General, assisted by a Garrison Sergeant Major. In Ireland soccer has historically been termed the "garrison game" due to its connections with British military serving in Ireland. [ [http://anfearrua.com/ViewSectionDetail.asp?docid=1567 An Fear Rua - Garrison, Gallic and Gaelic ] ]

In Israel, a garrison unit (Hebrew: חיל מצב; "cheil matzav") is a regular unit defending a specified zone such as a city, a province, a castle or fortress, or even a single building.

In Jamaica garrisons are known as slum areas that are controlled by a don and his gang for political reasons or for drug control. Many slum areas in Kingston, Spanish Town, and Montego Bay have garrisons.

References

References

*"Nouveau petit Larousse illustré", 1952 (French encyclopedic dictionary)


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  • Garrison — (englisch: Garnison bzw. stationieren ) heißen die Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Garrison (Iowa) Garrison (Kentucky) Garrison (Maryland) Garrison (Minnesota) Garrison (Nebraska) Garrison (New Jersey) Garrison (New York) Garrison (North Dakota) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Garrison — Garrison, MT U.S. Census Designated Place in Montana Population (2000): 112 Housing Units (2000): 63 Land area (2000): 9.539573 sq. miles (24.707379 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003367 sq. miles (0.008720 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.542940 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • GARRISON (W. L.) — GARRISON WILLIAM LLOYD (1805 1879) Enfant, Garrison commence trop tôt à travailler pour pouvoir poursuivre des études. Devenu apprenti imprimeur à l’âge de quatorze ans, il se découvre très vite un talent d’écrivain et entreprend dans le même… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Garrison — Gar ri*son, n. [OE. garnisoun, F. garnison garrison, in OF. & OE. also, provision, munitions, from garnir to garnish. See {Garnish}.] (Mil.) (a) A body of troops stationed in a fort or fortified town. (b) A fortified place, in which troops are… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Garrison — Gar ri*son, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Garrisoned}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Garrisoning}.] (Mil.) (a) To place troops in, as a fortification, for its defense; to furnish with soldiers; as, to garrison a fort or town. (b) To secure or defend by fortresses… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Garrison, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 413 Housing Units (2000): 177 Land area (2000): 0.246812 sq. miles (0.639240 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.246812 sq. miles (0.639240 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Garrison, MD — U.S. Census Designated Place in Maryland Population (2000): 7969 Housing Units (2000): 3696 Land area (2000): 3.123265 sq. miles (8.089220 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.013628 sq. miles (0.035297 sq. km) Total area (2000): 3.136893 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Garrison, MN — U.S. city in Minnesota Population (2000): 213 Housing Units (2000): 191 Land area (2000): 1.070925 sq. miles (2.773683 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.014204 sq. miles (0.036788 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.085129 sq. miles (2.810471 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Garrison, MT — U.S. Census Designated Place in Montana Population (2000): 112 Housing Units (2000): 63 Land area (2000): 9.539573 sq. miles (24.707379 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.003367 sq. miles (0.008720 sq. km) Total area (2000): 9.542940 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Garrison, ND — U.S. city in North Dakota Population (2000): 1318 Housing Units (2000): 655 Land area (2000): 1.399947 sq. miles (3.625845 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.399947 sq. miles (3.625845 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places


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